Adi Theory Test 8

The duration of this ADI theory test is 90 minutes (1 hour 30 minutes). There are 100 multiple choice questions. You need at least 85/100 to pass. Click the Begin Test button when you're ready to start. You may review your answer after each question or wait until the end to view your overall result. Good luck!

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Adi Theory Test 8 Quick View

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A By allowing you to apply cadence braking
B By making the brakes more powerful
C By preventing the wheels from locking up
D By taking over responsibility for driving
Correct Answer: C By preventing the wheels from locking up
Explanation: An anti-lock braking system (ABS) prevents the wheels from locking, so you can continue to steer the vehicle during heavy braking. ABS doesn't replace the need to plan well ahead and brake smoothly and progressively.
A Give way to the pedestrian
B Reverse before the pedestrian starts to cross
C Wave to the pedestrian to cross
D Wave to the pedestrian to stop
Correct Answer: A Give way to the pedestrian
Explanation: Look all around before and during any manoeuvre. Always stop and give way to any pedestrians who wish to cross the road behind your vehicle. The shape and size of your vehicle can restrict visibility; be aware that there may be a small child or a low obstruction hidden from view.
A A lesson with an approved driving instructor
B A passport
C A theory-test pass certificate
D A valid provisional licence
Correct Answer: D A valid provisional licence
Explanation: A new driver must hold a valid provisional driving licence before they drive on the road. When they receive their licence, they should check that the details are correct.
A A pass certificate that limits them to certain speed limits for three years
B A pass certificate that limits them to driving a suitably adapted car
C A pass certificate that states they can only drive a car with automatic transmission
D A pass certificate that's unrestricted
Correct Answer: B A pass certificate that limits them to driving a suitably adapted car
Explanation: If a disabled driver passes their driving test in a specifically adapted motor car, the driving licence issued will restrict them to driving vehicles fitted with the necessary adaptations.
A It might not be necessary
B It's always necessary
C It's only necessary when there's oncoming traffic
D It's only necessary when there's traffic behind
Correct Answer: A It might not be necessary
Explanation: A signal might not be necessary where there's no-one to benefit from it, or where the signal could confuse other road users. Forward planning and taking an early and steady course will remove the need to routinely signal to pass parked vehicles or obstructions.
A To allow you to record how well you're teaching
B To encourage them to move on to learning new skills
C To ensure they know how well they're doing
D To tell the pupil what they've done wrong
Correct Answer: C To ensure they know how well they're doing
Explanation: If a pupil is to make effective progress, they must have an accurate idea of how well they're doing. It would be dangerous if they moved on to a more complex driving task before mastering all the competencies required to perform that task successfully. Ideally, the process should start with you encouraging the pupil to identify their own weaknesses.
A Encourage them to continue with the lesson to regain confidence
B Keep them warm and give them a hot drink if available
C Keep them warm and reassure them confidently
D Tell the medical branch of the appropriate licensing authority
Correct Answer: C Keep them warm and reassure them confidently
Explanation: People who appear uninjured may be in shock and need professional treatment. Avoid unnecessary movement, reassure them, and keep them comfortable and warm. Don't leave them on their own and don't give them anything to eat or drink. Make sure the emergency services are called if necessary.
A Facial injury
B Knee injury
C Whiplash injury
D Wrist injury
Correct Answer: C Whiplash injury
Explanation: A properly adjusted head restraint can help to prevent whiplash injury to the neck and spine. You're most likely to suffer this type of injury if you're hit from behind by another vehicle.
A Use a low gear and spin the wheels to clear the snow
B Use the highest gear and keep the engine revs high
C Use the highest gear you can, with gentle acceleration
D Use the lowest gear you can and accelerate quickly
Correct Answer: C Use the highest gear you can, with gentle acceleration
Explanation: To reduce the risk of wheelspin when moving off on a slippery surface, use a higher gear than normal. This will reduce the amount of torque transmitted to the driven wheels. Gentle use of the accelerator will also make it easier for the tyres to keep their grip.
A Between 11.30 pm and 6.00 am
B Between 4.00 am and 7.00 am
C Between 7.00 am and 11.30 pm
D Between midnight and 6.00 am
Correct Answer: C Between 7.00 am and 11.30 pm
Explanation: You mustn't sound your vehicle's horn in a built-up area while stationary on the road, or between the hours of 11.30 pm and 7.00 am. The exception is if another road user poses a danger.
A Get them out of the vehicle
B Give them a drink
C Give them something to eat
D Keep them in the vehicle
Correct Answer: D Keep them in the vehicle
Explanation: At the scene of a crash, don't move a casualty from their vehicle unless they're in danger; for example, from fire.
A Before you move the rider
B Straight away
C When it's essential
D When the rider asks you to
Correct Answer: C When it's essential
Explanation: If a motorcyclist has been injured, it's important not to remove their helmet unless it's absolutely essential to keep them alive.
A Don't sound the horn
B No parking at any time
C Parking allowed only for a short time
D Slow down to 20 mph
Correct Answer: B No parking at any time
Explanation: The approach to and exit from a pedestrian crossing is marked with zigzag lines. You mustn't park in this area, as it would block the view for pedestrians and traffic. Overtaking the leading vehicle on approach to a crossing is also illegal.
A To enable you to overtake quickly on blind bends
B To get the best view of the road ahead
C To leave a gap in case the vehicle stops and rolls back
D To offer other drivers a safe gap if they want to overtake you
Correct Answer: B To get the best view of the road ahead
Explanation: When following a large vehicle, keep well back. If you're too close, you won't be able to see the road ahead and the driver of the long vehicle might not be able to see you in their mirrors.
A You should increase speed before changing lanes
B You should manoeuvre first, then signal
C You should signal well before using your mirrors
D You should start the MSM routine in good time
Correct Answer: D You should start the MSM routine in good time
Explanation: Always start the Mirrors - Signal - Manoeuvre (MSM) routine well before you intend to change lanes. On motorways, vehicles are travelling at much higher speeds, so they may come up behind you very quickly. By checking the mirrors early, you'll have a chance to plan and give any necessary signals in plenty of time, so that other drivers have advance warning of your intended actions. In turn, they'll have more time to expect a change in traffic pattern and be able to prepare and act accordingly.
A The brakes
B The engine temperature
C The speedometer
D The time
Correct Answer: C The speedometer
Explanation: After leaving a motorway or when using a link road between motorways, your speed may be higher than you realise: 50 mph may feel like 30 mph. Check the speedometer and adjust your speed accordingly. Some slip roads and link roads have sharp bends, so you'll need to slow down.
A It shows an alternative route for non-motorway traffic
B Motorway regulations apply on the road immediately ahead
C The road ahead is being upgraded to a motorway
D The road ahead leads to a junction with a motorway
Correct Answer: D The road ahead leads to a junction with a motorway
Explanation: A motorway number in brackets on a blue patch means that a motorway junction will be reached by following the route indicated.
A Red Route on a primary route
B Restricted route on a main road
C Ring road on a primary route
D Road restricted on a tram route
Correct Answer: C Ring road on a primary route
Explanation: Ring roads are designed to keep traffic away from town centres. Unless you need to visit the town centre, you should use the ring road, as this will help to avoid congestion and reduce your journey time.
A In a congested section
B In a contraflow system
C In the acceleration lane
D On the hard shoulder
Correct Answer: B In a contraflow system
Explanation: Contraflow systems allow traffic to pass in opposite directions on the same carriageway; they're usually found where roadworks are being carried out. Care is needed as the lanes may be narrower than normal, the road surface may be poor, and oncoming traffic will be passing much closer than normal.
A Be prepared to brake sharply to a stop
B Be prepared to stop for any traffic
C Brake and stop only for large vehicles
D Brake sharply to a stop before looking
Correct Answer: B Be prepared to stop for any traffic
Explanation: Drivers and riders should proceed with caution at a junction where the traffic lights have failed. They should treat the situation as if it were an unmarked junction. As no-one has priority, everyone should be prepared to stop.
A To allow extra space for wide loads
B To provide a space for emergency vehicles
C To provide space for overtaking motorcyclists
D To separate streams of traffic
Correct Answer: D To separate streams of traffic
Explanation: Hatch markings bounded by broken white lines are designed to separate traffic lanes or to protect traffic turning right. Only drive into these areas if it's necessary and you can see that it's safe.
A Ask them to reflect on their performance
B Ignore it and continue with the lesson
C Tell them about it at the end of the lesson
D Use it as a warning to the pupil
Correct Answer: A Ask them to reflect on their performance
Explanation: It's important that driving faults and errors are dealt with promptly. Learning will also be more effective if the pupil can spot their own errors and come up with their own strategies for ensuring the errors don't happen again. If the pupil doesn't recognise the fault, you'll need to tell them. Even then, the pupil can still work on developing strategies themselves.
A Leave it and try again during the next lesson
B Repeat yourself until they understand
C Start from the beginning and tell the pupil to concentrate harder
D Talk to them and see if they can identify any reasons why it's not working
Correct Answer: D Talk to them and see if they can identify any reasons why it's not working
Explanation: If a pupil isn't responding to a particular part of the learning programme, with a bit of help they'll normally be able to say what's going wrong. In saying what's wrong, they'll often be able to tell you what it will take to get over the problem.
A They'll make the learning process longer than normal
B They'll make the pupil struggle to cope with them
C They'll provide reinforcement of the pupil's progress
D They'll result in the pupil being ready for test too early
Correct Answer: C They'll provide reinforcement of the pupil's progress
Explanation: Learning targets should be realistic and attainable; reaching a learning target will reinforce a pupil's progress. Setting objectives that are too ambitious or too complex is more likely to demotivate pupils.
A They must be 18 or over and have a full driving licence
B They must be 18 or over and hold an advanced driver's certificate
C They must be 21 or over and have held a full licence for at least three years
D They must be 21 or over and have held a full licence for at least two years
Correct Answer: C They must be 21 or over and have held a full licence for at least three years
Explanation: Anyone wishing to accompany a learner driver must be at least 21 years old and must have held (and still hold) a full licence for the category of vehicle being driven for at least three years.
A At more than 30 mph
B If they're under 18 years old
C With passengers in the rear seats
D Without an accompanying driver
Correct Answer: D Without an accompanying driver
Explanation: When driving a motor car, a learner driver who holds a provisional driving licence must
- display red L plates (or D plates in Wales) to the front and rear of the vehicle
- be insured to drive the vehicle
- be accompanied by someone who's at least 21 years old and who has held for at least three years (and still holds) a full licence for the category of vehicle being driven.
A Give your name and address to all witnesses
B Give your own and the vehicle owner's name and address to anyone having reasonable grounds for requiring them
C Report the incident to the police some time within the next seven days
D Show the other driver your registration and MOT certificates
Correct Answer: B Give your own and the vehicle owner's name and address to anyone having reasonable grounds for requiring them
Explanation: If you're involved in a collision that causes damage or injury to any other person, vehicle, animal or property, you must stop and exchange details with anyone having reasonable grounds for requiring them. If you don't give your details at the time, report the incident to the police as soon as is reasonably practicable and in any case within 24 hours.
A Increase your distance from the vehicle in front
B Move onto the hard shoulder
C Switch on your hazard warning lights
D Tap your foot on the brake pedal sharply
Correct Answer: A Increase your distance from the vehicle in front
Explanation: On a busy motorway, traffic may travel at high speeds despite the vehicles being close together. Don't follow too close to the vehicle in front. If a driver directly behind seems to be too close to you, increase your distance from the vehicle in front by slowing down gently. If the traffic in front slows, you'll be able to spread your braking over a longer distance. This will reduce the risk of the driver behind being unable to stop in the room they've allowed.
A There's a 20 mph speed limit after the bend
B There's a 20 mph zone with traffic-calming features
C You mustn't exceed 20 mph on the bend
D You're advised not to exceed 20 mph on the bend
Correct Answer: D You're advised not to exceed 20 mph on the bend
Explanation: The 'max speed' plate advises the maximum safe speed for negotiating the hazard shown on the warning sign. Drivers should slow down, as the hazard can be deceiving; for example, a bend may be much sharper than it initially appears.
A Allow them to take the test but make the examiner aware
B Allow them to take the test just to prove that you were right
C Allow them to use your car if it's fitted with dual controls
D Refuse to allow them to use your car for the test
Correct Answer: D Refuse to allow them to use your car for the test
Explanation: If your pupil's driving is below the required test standard, it's your responsibility as a professional instructor to advise them not to take the test. As soon as you become aware of a possible problem, you should discuss this with your pupil and positively encourage them that, in their interest, and for other road users as well, it would be far better to postpone the appointment. If you can't dissuade them, then you should withhold the use of your vehicle. Ultimately, it's the pupil's test and an instructor can't prevent them from taking it in someone else's vehicle.
A Be prepared to stop
B Continue on your way
C Wave to the person to cross
D Wave to the person to wait
Correct Answer: A Be prepared to stop
Explanation: As you would with an able-bodied person, you should prepare to slow down and stop. Don't wave them across, as other traffic may not stop.
A The battery life
B The gearbox
C The handling
D The journey time
Correct Answer: C The handling
Explanation: Carrying a heavy load in a vehicle will change its centre of gravity. This will affect the vehicle's handling on bends, compared with when it's lightly loaded. It's your responsibility to make sure that your vehicle isn't overloaded and that any load is secure.
A When you're taking your driving test
B When you've been involved in an incident
C When you've bought or sold a vehicle
D When your vehicle is having an MOT inspection
Correct Answer: B When you've been involved in an incident
Explanation: The details on your motor insurance certificate show who, when and what's insured. You'll have to produce the certificate if you've been involved in an incident and when requested by the police.
A When the speed limit exceeds 30 mph
B When there are continuous white lines in the middle of the road
C When you're facing oncoming traffic
D When you're near a bus stop
Correct Answer: A When the speed limit exceeds 30 mph
A When the motorway is lit
B When there are vehicles close in front of you
C When you're travelling below 50 mph
D When your vehicle is broken down on the hard shoulder
Correct Answer: D When your vehicle is broken down on the hard shoulder
Explanation: Always use your headlights at night on a motorway unless you've stopped on the hard shoulder. If you have to use the hard shoulder, switch off the headlights but leave the parking lights switched on to help other road users see your vehicle.
A In the air filter
B In the fuel tank
C On the cooling system
D On the exhaust system
Correct Answer: D On the exhaust system
Explanation: Strict controls on exhaust emissions require a catalytic converter to be fitted to the exhaust system of all new vehicles. Catalytic converters remove most of the carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen and unburned hydrocarbons from the exhaust gases.
A Drugs make you a better driver by quickening your reactions
B Some types of medicine can cause your reactions to slow down
C The medicine you take may affect your hearing
D You'll have to let your insurance company know about the medicine
Correct Answer: B Some types of medicine can cause your reactions to slow down
Explanation: Always check the label on any medication you take, as some medicine can make you feel drowsy and slow your reactions. Your doctor or pharmacist will be able to give you advice about possible side-effects of both prescribed and over-the-counter medicines.
A When you're driving at night
B When you're driving in strong winds
C When you're driving in the rain
D When you're driving uphill
Correct Answer: C When you're driving in the rain
Explanation: Tyres won't grip the road surface so well in wet weather or on loose road surfaces. On wet roads, it's recommended that you allow at least double the stopping distance you would leave in dry conditions.
A When you don't wear glasses
B When you pass the driving test first time
C When you're over 25 years old
D When you're under 25 years old
Correct Answer: C When you're over 25 years old
Explanation: The cost of insurance varies with your age. Usually, the younger you are, the more expensive it is - especially if you're under 25. Some post-test training schemes are recognised by insurance companies, and new drivers who complete this form of extra training may benefit from a reduced first premium.
A Drive on, as you have priority
B Move to the opposite side of the road
C Sound your horn and be prepared to stop
D Speed up and drive past quickly
Correct Answer: C Sound your horn and be prepared to stop
Explanation: White lights at the rear of a car show that the driver has selected reverse gear. When reversing, the driver's view of the road is likely to be reduced. Sound your horn to warn of your presence and be ready to stop if necessary.
A Apply the parking brake and footbrake together
B Give an arm signal
C Keep both hands on the wheel
D Select reverse gear
Correct Answer: C Keep both hands on the wheel
Explanation: If you find yourself having to stop in an emergency, it's important that your vehicle remains under control. If you lose control, you may make the situation worse. Having both hands on the wheel during braking will help you to control the steering as you stop.
A Improved road-holding
B Lighter steering
C Reduction in stability
D Reduction in stopping distance
Correct Answer: C Reduction in stability
Explanation: A heavy load on your roof rack will reduce the stability of the vehicle because it moves the centre of gravity away from that intended by the manufacturer. Be aware of this when you drive around bends and corners. If you change direction at speed, your vehicle and/or load could become unstable and you could lose control.
A Carry on trying to restart the engine
B Get out and clear of the crossing
C Push the vehicle clear of the crossing
D Run down the track to warn the signal operator
Correct Answer: B Get out and clear of the crossing
Explanation: If you can't restart your engine before the warning bells ring, stay calm, especially if you have passengers on board. Leave the vehicle and get yourself and any passengers well clear of the crossing without delay.
A Keep your front fog lights on
B Keep your rear fog lights on
C Leave your fog lights on in case the fog returns
D Switch off your fog lights
Correct Answer: D Switch off your fog lights
Explanation: Bright fog lights can dazzle other drivers, so you must remember to turn them off when the fog lifts and visibility improves. Be prepared for patchy fog: you may need to turn the fog lights on again.
A In case they break down in a dangerous position
B To help them to be seen when they're being driven at high speed
C To make them more visible in thick fog
D To warn drivers following too closely to drop back
Correct Answer: C To make them more visible in thick fog
Explanation: A high-intensity rear fog light helps drivers behind to see that there's a vehicle ahead, even though its outline can't be seen due to fog.
A They allow vehicles to travel faster
B They help drivers keep control when they're accelerating
C They help drivers keep steering control during heavy braking
D They make motorway driving easier
Correct Answer: C They help drivers keep steering control during heavy braking
Explanation: If the wheels of your vehicle lock, the tyres won't grip the road and then you'll have no control over the steering. The anti-lock braking system will prevent this from happening.
Correct Answer: C Skidding
Explanation: The anti-lock braking system (ABS) activates automatically when the brakes are applied. It prevents the wheels from locking, so reducing the likelihood of a skid developing. ABS doesn't remove the need for good driving practices such as anticipation and driving at the correct speed for the conditions.
A Avoid drinking alcohol completely
B Avoid drinking alcohol on an empty stomach
C Drink plenty of coffee after drinking alcohol
D Drink plenty of milk before drinking alcohol
Correct Answer: A Avoid drinking alcohol completely
Explanation: Avoid drinking and driving. Just one drink could dangerously impair your judgement and reactions, as well as put you over the legal drink-drive limit.
A If no pedestrians are near
B To get into a property
C To overtake slow-moving traffic
D When the pavement is very wide
Correct Answer: B To get into a property
Explanation: It's against the law to drive on or over a footpath, except to gain access to a property. If you need to cross a pavement, watch for pedestrians in both directions.
A Pedestrians may step out from behind the bus
B The bus may have broken down
C The bus may move off suddenly
D The bus may remain stationary
Correct Answer: A Pedestrians may step out from behind the bus
Explanation: If you see a bus ahead, watch out for pedestrians. They may not be able to see you if they're crossing behind the bus.
A Allow the person to cross
B Drive behind the person
C Drive in front of the person
D Sound your horn
Correct Answer: A Allow the person to cross
Explanation: At a pelican crossing, the green light means you may proceed as long as the crossing is clear. If someone hasn't finished crossing, be patient and wait for them.
A Park close to the bumper of another car
B Park with two wheels on the kerb
C Turn the front wheels away from the kerb
D Turn the front wheels towards the kerb
Correct Answer: D Turn the front wheels towards the kerb
Explanation: When parking on a hill, there's a risk of the car rolling if the parking brake fails. To reduce this risk, turn the front wheels towards the kerb. This will allow the kerb to act as a chock, preventing any forward movement of the vehicle.
A The aerial
B The bumpers
C The mirrors
D The wheel trims
Correct Answer: C The mirrors
Explanation: Don't travel unless you really have to. Making unnecessary journeys will increase the risk of being involved in an incident. If you do decide to use your car, it's important that you can see and be seen. Make sure any snow or ice is cleared from lights, mirrors, number plates and windows.
A Your car will be able to go faster
B Your car will handle better
C Your car will use less fuel
D Your car will use more fuel
Correct Answer: D Your car will use more fuel
Explanation: Even an empty roof rack will create extra wind resistance and this in turn will increase the vehicle's fuel consumption; for this reason, remove a roof rack when it's not needed.
A The shock absorbers are worn
B The steering is unstable
C The tyres are under-inflated
D The tyres are worn
Correct Answer: A The shock absorbers are worn
Explanation: To test your suspension, press down sharply on the bodywork above each wheel and release it. If the vehicle bounces more than once, take it to be checked by a qualified mechanic. A good shock absorber will dampen the movement immediately.
A Accelerate to get away from the driver behind
B Keep a steady course and allow the driver behind to overtake
C Move closer to the car ahead, so the driver behind has no room to overtake
D Wave the driver behind to overtake when it's safe
Correct Answer: B Keep a steady course and allow the driver behind to overtake
Explanation: Never obstruct drivers who wish to pass. Speeding up or driving unpredictably while someone is overtaking you is dangerous. If someone overtakes and pulls into the gap in front of you, drop back to maintain a two-second gap.
A They can't steer to avoid you
B They can't stop for cars
C They don't have a horn
D They don't have lights
Correct Answer: A They can't steer to avoid you
Explanation: Electric trams run on rails and can't steer to avoid you. Keep a lookout for trams in areas where they operate, as they move very quietly and you might not hear them approaching.
A They must have a doctor's certificate allowing them to drive
B They must have glasses with special lenses
C They're allowed to drive without restriction
D They're not legally allowed to drive
Correct Answer: C They're allowed to drive without restriction
Explanation: A person who's colour-blind will have to take exactly the same practical driving test as any other candidate. No restriction will be placed on their driving licence when they pass their test.
A The licence will be restricted to adapted vehicles only
B The licence will be restricted to daytime driving only
C The licence will be restricted to vehicles with engines of less than 1500 cc
D The licence won't be restricted
Correct Answer: D The licence won't be restricted
Explanation: A successful candidate with vision in only one eye will be given an unrestricted pass certificate. As with all drivers, the licensing authority (DVLA) must be notified of any medical conditions when applying for a licence, and when those conditions develop or change.
Correct Answer: B Daily
Explanation: It's recommended that you check all the lights on your vehicle on a daily basis and replace any faulty bulbs. Carrying spare bulbs and fuses in your vehicle will ensure you can replace a bulb as soon as you find it has failed.
Correct Answer: C Park
Explanation: When parking a vehicle with automatic transmission, the gear selector should be moved to the 'P' (Park) position. This locks the transmission and prevents the vehicle from moving forwards or backwards. This will stop it from rolling away should the parking brake fail.
A Flash your brake lights to alert the other driver
B Increase your speed to avoid holding up the other vehicle
C Maintain your speed and position
D Move over when it's safe and let the other vehicle overtake
Correct Answer: D Move over when it's safe and let the other vehicle overtake
Explanation: When you're overtaking on a motorway, you'll sometimes find faster vehicles approaching from behind. When it's safe to do so, you should move over and let them pass. Don't try to enforce the legal speed limit.
A Brake firmly and move to a lane on your left
B Brake gently
C Pull up on the hard shoulder
D Pump the footbrake
Correct Answer: B Brake gently
Explanation: Always use headlights on motorways, even if they're well lit. Dipped beam should be used to avoid dazzling drivers ahead or on the opposite carriageway. If you're dazzled, you may have to slow down, but it's important not to brake too hard or suddenly, as this may create a hazard for the vehicle behind you.
A 10 metres (32 feet)
B 15 metres (49 feet)
C 25 metres (82 feet)
D 5 metres (16 feet)
Correct Answer: A 10 metres (32 feet)
Explanation: The minimum distance you should leave your car from a junction is 10 metres (32 feet) - unless you're in an authorised parking space. Parking closer to a junction makes access to it more hazardous because the parked vehicle will block a driver's view. Pedestrians trying to cross the road may also be hidden by such a parked vehicle.
A They have no need to ask questions of the instructor
B They'll be able to drive a vehicle responsibly, with concentration and patience
C They'll know what's expected of them and be able to evaluate their progress
D They'll know when they're ready to take the test
Correct Answer: C They'll know what's expected of them and be able to evaluate their progress
Explanation: Agreeing learning should be a two-way process. You can contribute your understanding of what has to be achieved and the learner can contribute their objectives and understanding. At the end of a lesson, both you and the pupil will be better placed to evaluate progress.
A 30 mph
B 50 mph
C 60 mph
D 70 mph
Correct Answer: D 70 mph
Explanation: Dual carriageways and motorways share the same 70 mph national speed limit for cars and motorcycles. If a car or motorcycle is towing a trailer, then this maximum permitted speed is reduced to 60 mph.
A Their driving licence isn't restricted in any way
B They aren't permitted to drive a motor car
C They're only permitted to drive while they're wearing glasses
D They're required to have additional mirrors fitted to any car they drive
Correct Answer: A Their driving licence isn't restricted in any way
Explanation: A person with only one eye isn't considered to have a disability for the purpose of driving and will be issued with an unrestricted driving licence.
A At no time
B During the hours of daylight
C When it's clear of buses
D When other cars are using it
Correct Answer: A At no time
Explanation: Some bus lanes only operate during peak hours and other vehicles may use them outside these hours. Make sure you check the sign for the hours of operation before driving in a bus lane. Where no hours are shown, the bus lane operates 24 hours a day.
A 30 mph
B 40 mph
C 50 mph
D 70 mph
Correct Answer: A 30 mph
Explanation: If there are no speed-limit signs, street lights usually indicate a 30 mph speed limit.
A Correctly interpret what the other driver is going to do
B Flash their headlights back at the other driver
C Make progress while the opportunity is available
D Stay where they are, as the signal isn't an official one
Correct Answer: A Correctly interpret what the other driver is going to do
Explanation: Sometimes another road user will use a signal whose meaning is open to interpretation. When this happens, learner drivers should make sure they understand what the other driver intends before taking any action.
A Explain what can happen as a result of driving too fast
B Give more demonstrations than normal
C Impose a speed limit that's lower than everyone else's
D Let them learn from experience, using the dual brake to ensure safety
Correct Answer: A Explain what can happen as a result of driving too fast
Explanation: Simply telling a pupil that they're driving too fast isn't sufficient. Explanations need to be given, highlighting what may occur if they repeat the fault. More importantly, they need to know what to do to prevent it from happening again.
A Hose down the engine to cool it before refilling
B Keep driving, as the fan will cool the engine
C Keep the engine running and fill it with coolant immediately
D Let it cool before removing the filler cap
Correct Answer: D Let it cool before removing the filler cap
Explanation: You should check the coolant level frequently, particularly before a long journey, and top it up as necessary. The need to top up often might indicate a leak or other fault in the cooling system. Have it checked by your garage or dealer.
A No, not under any circumstances
B No, unless you stay with your car
C Yes, if you don't block people from crossing
D Yes, in order to drop off a passenger
Correct Answer: A No, not under any circumstances
Explanation: You mustn't park within the area marked by zigzag lines on either side of a pedestrian crossing. You'll be causing an obstruction by obscuring the view of both pedestrians and drivers.
A As soon as the vehicle passes you
B Well after the vehicle passes you
C Well before the vehicle passes you
D When the other vehicle flashes its headlights
Correct Answer: A As soon as the vehicle passes you
Explanation: If a driver overtakes you, dip your headlights as soon as they pass you and drop back to ensure that your dipped beam falls short of their vehicle. When following another vehicle at night, you should drive with your headlights on dipped beam. The main beam would shine in the mirrors of the car ahead and could dazzle the driver.
A Pedestrians in the road
B Reduced visibility on bends
C Soft verges
D Vehicles parked on the road
Correct Answer: A Pedestrians in the road
Explanation: If there's no pavement, The Highway Code advises pedestrians to walk on the right-hand side of the road, which means they may be walking towards you on your side of the road. At night or in poor visibility, they may be very difficult to see, so where there are no pavements, be mindful that pedestrians may be in the road ahead.
A With a detailed analysis of the manoeuvre carried out
B With a discussion of possible faults that may occur
C With an opportunity for the pupil to check understanding and consolidate by practising
D With the introduction of a new subject
Correct Answer: C With an opportunity for the pupil to check understanding and consolidate by practising
Explanation: Demonstration, where appropriate, is a valuable tool in the learning process. However, for it to be effective, a pupil must have an opportunity to raise any questions and check their understanding. They then need to practise this new skill.
A Ask them to explain why they think this happened
B Demonstrate how this was caused by turning the steering wheel too late
C Explain that the rear wheels cut in when turning left
D Tell them that this fault can be avoided by first swinging out to the right
Correct Answer: A Ask them to explain why they think this happened
Explanation: Learning is far more effective when a pupil can identify for themselves the reason why something has gone wrong. If they can't work it out, you can help them to understand with an explanation or a diagram. When they understand the problem, the pupil should then practise this manoeuvre.
A A constant amount throughout, regardless of competence
B Just enough to ensure they understand what's required
C More as the test date approaches
D None once they reach test standard
Correct Answer: B Just enough to ensure they understand what's required
Explanation: It's important to reduce direct instruction and transfer the responsibility for learning to the pupil as quickly as possible. You must ensure that the pupil understands what they need to do and how they need to do it. Once they have this knowledge, they should be allowed to practise and develop their competence without constant instruction.
A In the centre of your lane
B Towards the centre of the road
C Towards the right of your lane
D Where you get the best view
Correct Answer: A In the centre of your lane
Explanation: As you approach left-hand bends, keep to the middle of your lane. Don't move to the centre of the road to improve your view. This could put you too close to oncoming traffic. A vehicle coming the other way might be running close to or over the centre of the road as it comes around the bend.
A Over-inflated tyres
B Under-inflated tyres
C Using tyres of different makes
D Using tyres that are new or hardly used
Correct Answer: B Under-inflated tyres
Explanation: If your tyre pressures are lower than those recommended by the manufacturer, there will be increased rolling resistance. To overcome this, the engine will have to work harder, resulting in increased fuel consumption. Check your tyre pressures at least once a week.
A To attract a friend's attention
B To give you right of way
C To make slower drivers move over
D To warn others of your presence
Correct Answer: D To warn others of your presence
Explanation: All motor vehicles are fitted with a horn; its purpose is to warn other road users of the vehicle's presence. You mustn't sound the horn between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am in a built-up area or when you're stationary, except when another road user poses a danger.
A Carry on waiting
B Edge over the stop line and look for trains
C Park and investigate
D Phone the signal operator
Correct Answer: A Carry on waiting
Explanation: If the lights at a level crossing continue to flash after a train has passed, wait, as there might be another train coming. Time seems to pass slowly when you're held up in a queue. Be patient; there's a good safety reason why the barriers have remained down and the lights continue to flash.
A 10 metres (32 feet)
B 12 metres (39 feet)
C 15 metres (49 feet)
D 20 metres (66 feet)
Correct Answer: A 10 metres (32 feet)
Explanation: Don't park within 10 metres (32 feet) of a junction (unless in an authorised parking place). This is to allow drivers emerging from, or turning into, the junction a clear view of the road they're joining. It also allows them to see hazards such as pedestrians or cyclists at the junction.
Correct Answer: B The left-hand lane
Explanation: The colours of the reflective studs on the motorway, and their locations, are
- red - between the hard shoulder and the carriageway
- white - between the lanes
- amber - between the edge of the
carriageway and the central reservation
- green - along slip-road exits and entrances bright green/yellow - at roadworks and contraflow systems.
A To bleed air from the brake system
B To check your brake lights are working
C To make sure you can stop safely
D To remove the water from your tyres
Correct Answer: C To make sure you can stop safely
Explanation: At a ford, the road passes through a stream at a place where the water is normally shallow. When you've gone through the water, you should test your brakes and if necessary dry them out. To do this, first check that you won't cause danger to traffic behind. Then apply a light brake pressure while moving slowly. Make sure your brakes are working properly before resuming normal driving.
A To give a wider field of vision
B To make it easier to judge the speed of traffic behind
C To make traffic behind look bigger
D To totally cover blind spots
Correct Answer: A To give a wider field of vision
Explanation: A convex mirror gives a wide view of the scene behind. However, it won't show you everything behind, or to the side of, your vehicle. Before you move off, look over your shoulder to check for anything that's not visible in the mirrors.
87. What's a cover note? Mark one answer
A A driving licence
B A registration document
C A temporary insurance certificate
D An MOT certificate
Correct Answer: C A temporary insurance certificate
Explanation: Sometimes an insurance company will issue a temporary insurance certificate called a cover note. It gives you the same insurance cover as your certificate, but lasts for a limited period, usually one month.
A To help you to see further along the road
B To help your indicators to show more clearly
C To make it easy for other road users to see your vehicle
D To make it possible to go at a much faster speed
Correct Answer: C To make it easy for other road users to see your vehicle
Explanation: You may be difficult to see when you're travelling at night, even on a well-lit road. If you use dipped headlights rather than sidelights, other road users will see you more easily.
A Walk in the direction of the nearest exit
B Walk in the direction shown on the marker posts
C Walk in the direction you were travelling
D Walk so you're facing oncoming traffic
Correct Answer: B Walk in the direction shown on the marker posts
Explanation: There are marker posts at 100 metre intervals along the hard shoulder of a motorway. The markers direct you to the nearest emergency telephone, so follow them if you've broken down.
A To reduce engine wear
B To reduce fuel consumption
C To reduce the risk of fire
D To reduce toxic exhaust gases
Correct Answer: D To reduce toxic exhaust gases
Explanation: Catalytic converters are designed to reduce toxic exhaust emissions by up to 90%. They have a high normal working temperature and for this reason are inefficient when the engine is cold.
A 10,000 miles
B 30,000 miles
C One year
D Three years
Correct Answer: C One year
Explanation: An MOT certificate will normally be valid for one year. The certificate doesn't warrant the condition of the vehicle at a later date, but simply shows that at the time the certificate was issued the vehicle met the MOT requirements. It's the driver's responsibility to ensure that the vehicle is roadworthy whenever it's driven.
A Choose an appropriate lane in good time
B Follow other motorists closely to avoid long queues
C Increase speed to pass through quickly
D Switch lanes at any time to make progress
Correct Answer: A Choose an appropriate lane in good time
Explanation: In a contraflow system, you'll be travelling close to oncoming traffic and sometimes in narrow lanes. You should
- obey the temporary signs governing speed limits
- get into the correct lane in good time
- keep a safe separation distance from the vehicle ahead.
A Estate car
B Long vehicle
C Sports car
D Van
Correct Answer: B Long vehicle
Explanation: A long vehicle may have to straddle lanes on, or approaching, a roundabout. This is to prevent the rear wheels from going up onto the kerb. If you're following a long vehicle, stay well back and give it plenty of room.
A Between each pair of lanes
B Between the acceleration lane and the carriageway
C Between the central reservation and the carriageway
D Between the hard shoulder and the carriageway
Correct Answer: C Between the central reservation and the carriageway
Explanation: On motorways, reflective studs are set into the road to help you navigate in the dark and in conditions of poor visibility. Amber-coloured studs are on the right-hand edge of the main carriageway, next to the central reservation.
A It allows easy location by the emergency services
B It connects you to a local garage
C Mobile phones don't work on motorways
D Using a mobile phone will distract other drivers
Correct Answer: A It allows easy location by the emergency services
Explanation: On a motorway, it's best to use a roadside emergency telephone so that the emergency services are able to locate you easily. The nearest telephone is indicated by an arrow on marker posts, which are placed every 100 metres along the edge of the hard shoulder. If you do use a mobile phone, the emergency services will want to know your exact location. Before you call, find out the number on the nearest marker post; this will tell the emergency services your exact location.
A Assume the vehicle is actually turning right
B Get closer, then pass the vehicle quickly
C Overtake as the vehicle starts to slow down
D Stay well back and give the vehicle room
Correct Answer: D Stay well back and give the vehicle room
Explanation: A long vehicle, such as a lorry, a coach or a vehicle towing a trailer, may swing out to the right as it approaches a left turn. This allows the rear wheels to clear the kerb. Don't try to filter through if you see a gap on the nearside.
A Buses
B Lorries
C Taxis
D Trams
Correct Answer: D Trams
Explanation: Diamond-shaped signs apply to tram drivers. You should know their meaning so that you're aware of the priorities and are able to anticipate the actions of the driver.
A At least four seconds
B At least one second
C At least three seconds
D At least two seconds
Correct Answer: A At least four seconds
Explanation: Wet roads will reduce your tyres' grip on the road. The safe separation gap of at least two seconds in dry conditions should be doubled in wet weather.
A Your vehicle's brakes will overheat
B Your vehicle's engine will overheat
C Your view ahead will be increased
D Your view ahead will be reduced
Correct Answer: D Your view ahead will be reduced
Explanation: Keeping a safe distance behind a large vehicle will increase your view of the road ahead and allow the other driver to see you in their mirrors. This will help you both to see, and act safely on, any hazards that might occur.
A To help you choose the correct lane
B To help you keep the correct separation distance
C To tell you the distance to the roundabout
D To warn you to slow down
Correct Answer: D To warn you to slow down
Explanation: These lines are a device often found on the approach to a roundabout or a dangerous junction. They become closer together as you approach the hazard, warning you to slow down.