Car Mock Test 12

You have 57 minutes to answer 50 mock theory test questions. At least 43 out of 50 questions must be answered correctly in order to pass the test. Answers may be reviewed after each question or you can wait until the end of the test for your final score. Good luck!

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A Bomb disposal
B Breakdown recovery
C Motorway maintenance
D Snow plough
Correct Answer: A Bomb disposal
Explanation: Emergency vehicles use blue flashing lights. If you see or hear one, move out of its way as soon as it's safe and legal to do so.
A The footpath is narrow
B The kerbs are high
C The road surface is poor
D The view is restricted
Correct Answer: D The view is restricted
Explanation: You may have to pull forward slowly until you can see up and down the road. Be aware that the traffic approaching the junction can't see you either. If you don't know that it's clear, don't go.
A Give a warning with your horn
B Give the cyclist plenty of room
C Overtake on the right
D Signal the cyclist to move across
Correct Answer: B Give the cyclist plenty of room
Explanation: If you're following a cyclist who's signalling to turn right at a roundabout, leave plenty of room. Give them space and time to get into the correct lane.
A Overtake on the right-hand side
B Report the driver to the police
C Wait behind the long vehicle
D Warn the driver about the wrong signal
Correct Answer: C Wait behind the long vehicle
Explanation: When a long vehicle is going to turn right, it may need to keep close to the left-hand kerb. This is to prevent the rear end of the trailer cutting the corner. You need to be aware of how long vehicles behave in such situations. Don't overtake the lorry, because it could turn as you're alongside. Stay behind and wait for it to turn.
A Carry on along the hard shoulder until you see a safe gap
B Match your speed to traffic in the left-hand lane and filter into a safe gap
C Stop at the end of the slip road and look for a safe gap
D Use the slip road to accelerate until you're moving much faster than the motorway traffic
Correct Answer: B Match your speed to traffic in the left-hand lane and filter into a safe gap
Explanation: You should give way to traffic already on the motorway. Where possible, traffic may move over to let you in, but don't force your way into the traffic stream. Traffic could be travelling at high speed, so try to match your speed to filter in without affecting the traffic flow.
A Delivery van
B Estate car
C Long vehicle
D Milk float
Correct Answer: C Long vehicle
Explanation: Long vehicles might have to take a slightly different position when approaching the roundabout or going around it. This is to stop the rear of the vehicle cutting in and mounting the kerb.
A No entry
B No parking
C No road markings
D No through road
Correct Answer: A No entry
Explanation: 'No entry' signs are used in places such as one-way streets to prevent vehicles driving against the traffic. To ignore one would be dangerous, both for yourself and for other road users, as well as being against the law.
A Parking for buses only
B Parking for trams only
C Route for buses only
D Route for trams only
Correct Answer: D Route for trams only
Explanation: Avoid blocking tram routes. Trams are fixed on their route and can't manoeuvre around other vehicles or pedestrians. Modern trams travel quickly and are quiet, so you might not hear them approaching.
A Clearway (no stopping)
B National speed limit applies
C Waiting permitted
D Waiting restrictions apply
Correct Answer: D Waiting restrictions apply
Explanation: There'll be a plate or additional sign to tell you when the restrictions apply.
A Bus lane ahead
B End of two-way road
C Give priority to vehicles coming towards you
D You have priority over vehicles coming towards you
Correct Answer: D You have priority over vehicles coming towards you
Explanation: Don't force your way through. Show courtesy and consideration to other road users. Although you have priority, make sure oncoming traffic is going to give way before you continue.
A Beware of trains
B Beware of trams
C Level crossing
D Tourist attraction
Correct Answer: D Tourist attraction
Explanation: These signs indicate places of interest and are designed to guide you by the easiest route. They're particularly useful when you're unfamiliar with the area.
A Give way
B No through road
C T-junction
D Turn left ahead
Correct Answer: C T-junction
Explanation: This type of sign warns you of hazards ahead. Make sure you look at each sign and road marking that you pass, so that you don't miss any vital instructions or information. This sign shows there's a T-junction with priority over vehicles from the right.
A Adverse camber
B Steep hill downwards
C Steep hill upwards
D Uneven road
Correct Answer: B Steep hill downwards
Explanation: This sign gives you an early warning that the road ahead will slope downhill. Prepare to alter your speed and gear. Looking at the sign from left to right will show you whether the road slopes uphill or downhill.
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: At some junctions, there may be separate signals for different lanes. These are called 'filter' lights. They're designed to help traffic flow at major junctions. Make sure that you're in the correct lane and proceed if the way is clear and the green light shows for your lane.
A At a box junction
B At traffic lights
C Near a level crossing
D On road humps
Correct Answer: D On road humps
Explanation: Because the road has a dark colour, changes in level aren't easily seen. White triangles painted on the road surface give you an indication of where there are road humps.
A End of bus lane
B End of motorway
C No motor vehicles
D No through road
Correct Answer: B End of motorway
Explanation: When you leave the motorway, make sure that you check your speedometer. You may be going faster than you realise. Slow down and look for speed-limit signs.
Correct Answer: C Toucan
Explanation: A toucan crossing is designed to allow pedestrians and cyclists to cross at the same time. Look out for cyclists approaching the crossing at speed.
18. What's a cover note? Mark one answer
A A document issued before you receive your MOT certificate
B A document issued before you receive your driving licence
C A document issued before you receive your insurance certificate
D A document issued before you receive your registration document
Correct Answer: C A document issued before you receive your insurance certificate
Explanation: Sometimes an insurance company will issue a temporary insurance certificate called a cover note. It gives you the same insurance cover as your certificate but lasts for a limited period, usually one month.
A You'll be able to turn without stopping
B You'll have a clearer view of any approaching traffic
C You'll have more time to turn
D You'll use less fuel because you can stay in a higher gear
Correct Answer: B You'll have a clearer view of any approaching traffic
Explanation: When turning right at a crossroads where oncoming traffic is also turning right, it's generally safer to turn behind the approaching vehicle. This allows you a clear view of approaching traffic and is called 'turning offside to offside'. However, some junctions, usually controlled by traffic-light filters - are marked for vehicles to turn nearside to nearside.
A Quickly drive behind the pedestrian in the road
B Tell the pedestrian in the road she shouldn't have crossed
C Wait for the pedestrian in the road to cross
D Wave towards the pedestrians who are waiting to cross
Correct Answer: C Wait for the pedestrian in the road to cross
Explanation: Some people might take a long time to cross the road. They may be older or have a disability. Be patient and don't hurry them by showing your impatience. If pedestrians are standing at the side of the road, don't signal or wave them to cross. Other road users might not have seen your signal and this could lead the pedestrians into a hazardous situation.
A To keep the area clear of traffic
B To make you aware of your speed
C To show a safe distance between vehicles
D To warn you to change direction
Correct Answer: B To make you aware of your speed
Explanation: These lines may be painted on the road on the approach to a roundabout, a village or a particular hazard. The lines are raised and painted yellow, and their purpose is to make you aware of your speed. Reduce your speed in good time so that you avoid having to brake harshly over the last few metres before reaching the junction.
A Glare from the sun may affect the driver's vision
B Oncoming vehicles will assume the driver is turning right
C The black car may stop suddenly
D The bus may move out into the road
Correct Answer: D The bus may move out into the road
Explanation: If you can do so safely, give way to buses signalling to move off at bus stops. Try to anticipate the actions of other road users around you. The driver of the red car should be prepared for the bus pulling out. As you approach a bus stop, look to see how many passengers are waiting to board. If the last one has just got on, the bus is likely to move off.
A So that you can be easily seen by others
B So that you can go at a much faster speed
C So that you can see further along the road
D So that you can switch to main beam quickly
Correct Answer: A So that you can be easily seen by others
Explanation: You may be difficult to see when you're travelling at night, even on a well-lit road. If you use dipped headlights rather than sidelights, other road users should be able to see you more easily.
A It's more difficult to see what's ahead
B The brakes don't work as well
C The engine will take longer to warm up
D You'll be dazzled by other headlights
Correct Answer: A It's more difficult to see what's ahead
Explanation: You won't be able to see as far ahead in fog as you can on a clear day. You'll need to reduce your speed so that, if a hazard looms out of the fog, you have the time and space to take avoiding action. Travelling in fog is hazardous. If you can, try to delay your journey until it has cleared.
A Because you'll need to accelerate out of danger
B Because you'll need to brake sharply and stop
C To assess how your actions will affect the traffic behind
D To check what's happening on the road ahead
Correct Answer: C To assess how your actions will affect the traffic behind
Explanation: You should be constantly scanning the road for clues about what's going to happen next. Check your mirrors regularly, particularly as soon as you spot a hazard. What's happening behind may affect how you respond to hazards ahead.
A Contraflow systems
B Lane closures
C National speed limits
D Variable speed limits
Correct Answer: D Variable speed limits
Explanation: Congestion can be reduced by keeping traffic at a constant speed. At busy times, maximum speed limits are displayed on overhead gantries. These can be varied quickly, depending on the amount of traffic. By keeping to a constant speed on busy sections of motorway, overall journey times are normally improved.
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Tankers will display a hazard warning plate on the side and rear of the vehicle. Details of hazard warning symbols are given in The Highway Code. If a tanker is involved in a collision, you may need to report the tanker's hazard labelling to the emergency services.
A You're approaching a slow-moving vehicle
B You're approaching a traffic danger spot
C You're approaching an organised walk
D You're approaching roadworks
Correct Answer: C You're approaching an organised walk
Explanation: The people on the walk should be keeping to the left, but don't assume this. Pass carefully, making sure you have time to do so safely. Be aware that the pedestrians have their backs to you and may not know that you're there.
A The lane is in operation 24 hours a day
B The lane is only in operation at peak times
C The lane is only in operation in daylight hours
D The lane isn't in operation
Correct Answer: A The lane is in operation 24 hours a day
Explanation: Bus-lane signs show the vehicles allowed to use the lane and its times of operation. Where no times are shown, the bus lane is in operation 24 hours a day.
A Avoid mixing your alcoholic drinks
B Don't drink any alcohol at all
C Eat a hot meal with your alcoholic drinks
D Have some milk before drinking alcohol
Correct Answer: B Don't drink any alcohol at all
Explanation: Alcohol will stay in your body for several hours and may make you unfit to drive later in the day. Drinking during the day will also affect your performance at work or study.
A Change down to first gear
B Give a 'slowing down' arm signal
C Look for motorcyclists filtering through the traffic
D Sound the horn and flash your lights
Correct Answer: C Look for motorcyclists filtering through the traffic
Explanation: In queuing traffic, motorcyclists could be passing you on either side. Use your mirrors and check your blind area before changing lanes or changing direction.
A Move out and accelerate hard
B Move out slowly
C Pull out before the vehicle reaches the junction
D Wait until the vehicle starts to turn in
Correct Answer: D Wait until the vehicle starts to turn in
Explanation: Other road users may give misleading signals. When you're waiting at a junction, don't emerge until you're sure of their intentions.
A Drive slowly to the next service area to get assistance
B Pull up on the hard shoulder or in an emergency refuge area and call for assistance
C Pull up on the hard shoulder or in an emergency refuge area. Change the wheel as quickly as possible
D Switch on your hazard warning lights. Stop in your lane
Correct Answer: B Pull up on the hard shoulder or in an emergency refuge area and call for assistance
Explanation: Pull up on the hard shoulder or in an emergency refuge area and call for assistance. Don't attempt to repair your vehicle while it's on the hard shoulder, because of the risk posed by traffic passing at high speeds.
A Accelerate briskly
B Check your tyre pressures
C Switch on your hazard warning lights
D Test your brakes
Correct Answer: D Test your brakes
Explanation: If your brakes have been thoroughly soaked, you should check that they're working properly before you build up speed again. Before you do this, remember to check your mirrors and consider what's behind you.
A When carrying a heavy load
B When the roads are slippery
C When the tyre tread is worn below 2 mm
D When the vehicle is fitted with anti-lock brakes
Correct Answer: A When carrying a heavy load
Explanation: Check the vehicle handbook. This should give you guidance on the correct tyre pressures for your vehicle and when you may need to adjust them. If you're carrying a heavy load, you may need to adjust the headlights as well. Most cars have a switch on the dashboard to do this.
A The brakes will fail
B The steering will pull to one side
C The steering will vibrate
D The tyres will deflate
Correct Answer: C The steering will vibrate
Explanation: If your wheels are out of balance, it will cause the steering to vibrate at certain speeds. This isn't a fault that will put itself right, so take your vehicle to a garage or tyre fitter to have the wheels rebalanced.
A By changing to a higher gear
B By changing to a lower gear
C By selecting neutral
D By selecting reverse gear
Correct Answer: B By changing to a lower gear
Explanation: You should brake and slow down before selecting a lower gear. The gear can then be used to keep the speed low and help you control the vehicle. This is particularly helpful on long downhill stretches, where brake fade can occur if the brakes overheat.
A Leave the left indicator on
B Lock it and remove the key
C Park in a housing estate
D Park near a busy junction
Correct Answer: B Lock it and remove the key
Explanation: An unlocked car is an open invitation to thieves. Leaving the keys in the ignition not only makes your car easy to steal but could also invalidate your insurance.
A Dipped headlights
B Front fog lights
C Main-beam headlights
D Sidelights only
Correct Answer: A Dipped headlights
Explanation: If you're driving behind other traffic on the motorway at night, use dipped headlights. Main-beam headlights will dazzle the other drivers. Your headlights' dipped beam should fall short of the vehicle in front.
A The hard shoulder
B The left-hand lane
C The middle lane
D The right-hand lane
Correct Answer: B The left-hand lane
Explanation: You'll see the first advance direction sign one mile from a motorway exit. If you're travelling at 60 mph in the right-hand lane, you'll only have about 50 seconds before you reach the countdown markers. There'll be another sign at the half-mile point. Don't cut across lanes of traffic at the last moment - move to the left-hand lane in good time.
A Tell the driver licensing authority
B Tell the police
C Tell your doctor
D Tell your optician
Correct Answer: A Tell the driver licensing authority
Explanation: Having very poor eyesight will have a serious effect on your ability to drive safely. If you can't meet the driver's eyesight requirements, you must tell DVLA (or DVA in Northern Ireland).
A Because trams can't steer to avoid obstructions
B Because trams can't stop for cars
C Because trams don't have a horn
D Because trams don't have lights
Correct Answer: A Because trams can't steer to avoid obstructions
Explanation: You should take extra care when you first encounter trams. You'll have to get used to dealing with a different traffic system. Be aware that trams can accelerate and travel very quickly, and they can't change direction to avoid obstructions.
A Leave the engine running
B Lock it and remove the key
C Park near a traffic warden
D Switch the engine off but leave the key in
Correct Answer: B Lock it and remove the key
Explanation: Always switch off the engine, remove the key and lock your car, even if you're only leaving it for a few minutes.
A Avoid driving with a full tank of fuel
B Check out any strong smell of fuel
C Keep water levels above maximum
D Use fuel additives
Correct Answer: B Check out any strong smell of fuel
Explanation: The fuel in your vehicle can be a dangerous fire hazard. If you smell fuel, check out where it's coming from. Never
  • use a naked flame near the vehicle if you can smell fuel
  • smoke when refuelling your vehicle.

A It can improve your vehicle's fuel consumption
B It can increase the level of exhaust emissions
C It can make the engine difficult to start
D It can make the roads slippery for other road users
Correct Answer: D It can make the roads slippery for other road users
Explanation: Diesel fuel can spill out if your filler cap isn't secured properly. This is most likely to occur on bends, junctions and roundabouts, where it will make the road slippery, especially if it's wet. At the end of a spell of dry weather, road surfaces may be especially slippery where diesel has been spilled but it hasn't been washed away by rain.
A Accelerate past quickly and sound your horn
B Brake sharply and flash your headlights
C Slow down and be prepared to stop for a cyclist
D Slow down and wave the cyclist across
Correct Answer: C Slow down and be prepared to stop for a cyclist
Explanation: Scan the road as you drive. Try to anticipate hazards by being aware of the places where they're likely to occur. You'll then be able to react in good time.
A Lower speed limits
B Road humps
C Temporary traffic lights
D Wider lanes than normal
Correct Answer: A Lower speed limits
Explanation: When approaching a contraflow system, reduce speed in good time and obey all speed limits. You may be travelling in a narrower lane than normal, with no permanent barrier between you and the oncoming traffic. Be aware that the hard shoulder may be used for traffic and the road ahead could be obstructed by slow-moving or broken-down vehicles.
A No, not at any time
B Only if a stabiliser is fitted
C Only if all the seats in the towing vehicle are full
D Yes, if they're over 14
Correct Answer: A No, not at any time
Explanation: Riding in a towed caravan is highly dangerous. The safety of the entire unit is dependent on the stability of the trailer. Moving passengers would make the caravan unstable and could cause loss of control.
A Accelerating sharply in each gear
B Missing out some gears
C Using each gear in turn
D Using lower gears as often as possible
Correct Answer: B Missing out some gears
Explanation: Missing out intermediate gears, when appropriate, helps to reduce the amount of time spent accelerating and decelerating - the times when your vehicle uses the most fuel.
A If the battery keeps going flat
B If you'll be parking for less than five minutes
C Never if you're away from the vehicle
D When parked in a 20 mph zone
Correct Answer: C Never if you're away from the vehicle
Explanation: When you leave your vehicle parked on a road, switch off the engine and secure the vehicle. Make sure no valuables are visible, shut all the windows, lock the vehicle, and set the alarm if the vehicle has one.