DVLA HGV Theory Test

There are 100 questions in this DVLA HGV Theory Test. You have 115 minutes to complete the test . You must get 85 out of 100 to pass. You may check answers after each question or wait until the end for your final score. Good luck!

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A No goods vehicles over 7.5 metres overall height
B No goods vehicles over 7.5 tonnes maximum authorised mass
C No goods vehicles under 7.5 metres overall height
D No goods vehicles under 7.5 tonnes maximum authorised mass
Correct Answer: B No goods vehicles over 7.5 tonnes maximum authorised mass
Explanation: It's essential that all limits are complied with to avoid breaking the law and facing possible prosecution. Weight restrictions normally apply to the plated weight of a vehicle, often referred to as the maximum authorised mass (MAM).
A If you drive at more than 60 mph
B If you're travelling unladen
C To overtake slower lorries
D When the left-hand lane is closed
Correct Answer: D When the left-hand lane is closed
Explanation: Use of the right-hand lane on motorways with three or more lanes isn't normally allowed for
  • vehicles over 7.5 tonnes maximum authorised mass
  • vehicles required to be fitted with a speed limiter
  • vehicles towing a trailer.
This rule does not apply in special circumstances, such as when the left-hand lane is closed.
A Through a greater arc than the cab
B Through a lower arc than the cab
C Through a shorter arc than the cab
D Through a smaller arc than the cab
Correct Answer: A Through a greater arc than the cab
Explanation: The longer top deck needs a wider turning circle than the cab below it. To avoid hitting lampposts, telegraph poles, etc, you must allow for this overhang when turning.
Correct Answer: C 60 mph
Explanation: The speed limit for lorries is lower in Scotland than it is in England and Wales, so be aware - especially if you drive in the border areas.
A Discuss your load with members of the public
B Give a lift to a stranger
C Have wind deflectors fitted
D Make sure all doors and windows are locked
Correct Answer: D Make sure all doors and windows are locked
Explanation: Be careful of giving lifts to strangers; some employers actively discourage it. Allowing strangers in your cab or telling people about your load could put the security of your vehicle and load at risk, and may put you in danger.
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Keep a check in your mirrors as you're driving to make sure that the sheets are secure. Air can force itself under the sheets and work them loose.
A To make it easier to carry longer loads
B To make it much easier to fold up the sheets
C To stop wind and rain from getting under the sheets
D To stop you tripping when walking on the load
Correct Answer: C To stop wind and rain from getting under the sheets
Explanation: If the load is sheeted incorrectly, the wind may get underneath a sheet, making it flap about. This is dangerous, as it can catch unsuspecting pedestrians or cyclists, and it can also seriously reduce the driver's view of what's happening behind.
A When it's carrying a high load
B When it's fully loaded
C When it's unloaded
D When its load is carried at the rear of the trailer
Correct Answer: C When it's unloaded
Explanation: When the trailer is loaded, the weight of the load presses the trailer tyres firmly onto the road surface, so improving the tyres' grip. Unladen, there is no load bearing down on the tyres, and under heavy braking the trailer wheels can lock or slide across the road surface, making the trailer more difficult to stop. Severe braking can result in jack-knifing: the trailer doesn't slow as quickly as the tractor unit and this causes it to pivot around the coupling.
A The body is unloaded and empty
B The legs are up
C The rear doors are open
D The surface is firm and level
Correct Answer: D The surface is firm and level
Explanation: If you demount the body on a poor or soft surface, there's a danger of it sinking and becoming difficult to handle. Always think carefully before you demount the body and be sure that the site is suitable.
A It's a closed junction
B There are bollards in the middle of the road
C There's a grass verge on the left
D There's a motorcycle on the left
Correct Answer: D There's a motorcycle on the left
Explanation: Make sure that you signal in good time, so that the motorcyclist behind you knows your intention. You may have to position yourself wide in order to negotiate the junction. Be aware that the motorcyclist may see this as an opportunity to filter through on your nearside. Check your left-hand mirror carefully before you start to turn.
A Brake hard to a stop and wave it out
B Brake smoothly and allow it to emerge
C Drive on; you're on the major road
D Turn left to give it a clear view
Correct Answer: B Brake smoothly and allow it to emerge
Explanation: Good forward planning will allow you to deal safely with this situation. You need to assess how your actions will affect other road users. Acting on impulse can have disastrous consequences.
A A laden fuel tanker
B A loaded flat-bed trailer
C A loaded high-sided trailer
D An unladen trailer
Correct Answer: D An unladen trailer
Explanation: Jack-knifing occurs when the tractor unit is pushed by the semi-trailer pivoting around the coupling (fifth wheel). This is more likely to occur with an unladen vehicle.
A In a public car park
B In a quiet residential area
C On secure premises
D On the public highway
Correct Answer: C On secure premises
Explanation: Theft of vehicles is common. You're responsible for the safety and security of your vehicle and trailer. Try to avoid leaving any trailer unattended unless it's on approved secure premises.
Correct Answer: C Red/white
Explanation: The marker boards should be red and white. They must be kept clean and independently lit at night and in poor visibility, so that other road users can see them.
A While driving on muddy construction sites
B While driving on straight roads
C While towing an empty trailer
D While uncoupling a trailer
Correct Answer: A While driving on muddy construction sites
Explanation: The differential allows the drive wheels to rotate at different speeds; this is necessary for the vehicle to negotiate corners and bends. On a slippery surface, however, it can cause problems: if one wheel has less traction, it can spin, resulting in a complete loss of drive. The 'diff-lock' prevents the wheels from turning independently and so helps to stop this happening.
A Check your spray-suppression equipment
B Check your wind deflector
C Only half-load your lorry
D Plan your route in advance
Correct Answer: D Plan your route in advance
Explanation: In high winds, some exposed roads, bridges and viaducts are closed to high-sided vehicles. Plan your route with care and try to avoid these areas. Also plan an alternative route in case of road closure.
A As soon as the snow has cleared
B As soon as the vehicle is moving
C Once the engine has warmed up
D Only after selecting top gear
Correct Answer: B As soon as the vehicle is moving
Explanation: You must always disengage the diff-lock as soon as the vehicle is moving. The differential allows the rear wheels to revolve at different speeds, and this allows the vehicle to follow a curved path. Attempting to turn with the diff-lock engaged could result in the vehicle continuing straight on.
A When reversing
B When stationary
C When travelling empty
D When travelling fully laden
Correct Answer: C When travelling empty
Explanation: High-sided vehicles such as box vans are affected by side wind, particularly when they're empty. Drivers should slow down and stay alert for other road users affected by the windy conditions.
A 50 mph (80 km/h)
B 55 mph (88 km/h)
C 60 mph (96 km/h)
D 70 mph (112 km/h)
Correct Answer: C 60 mph (96 km/h)
Explanation: Be aware of, and obey, all speed limits. On a motorway, any lorry that's articulated, towing a trailer, or over 7.5 tonnes mustn't exceed 60 mph (96 km/h).
A After driving over a pedestrian crossing
B Before climbing a steep hill
C When driving round sharp bends
D When traffic is merging from the right or left
Correct Answer: D When traffic is merging from the right or left
Explanation: The size and design of some cabs can create blind spots. This is especially true of a sleeper cab. A quick sideways glance might show something you can't see in your mirrors, especially when traffic is merging.
A To make the steering lighter
B To reduce the wave effect
C To reduce wind resistance
D To stop the brakes from locking
Correct Answer: B To reduce the wave effect
Explanation: Fluids carried in tankers can move in waves as the vehicle's speed or direction changes. This happens particularly when you brake and then ease off the pedal; the moving wave of liquid causes the vehicle to surge forward. Baffle plates are designed to reduce this surging effect.
B Highways England
C The local authority
D The railway authority
Correct Answer: D The railway authority
Explanation: If your vehicle hits a bridge, you must report it to the police. If a railway bridge is involved, you must also report it to the railway authority. The phone number is usually shown on or near the bridge.
A A loading permit
B A warning triangle
C Police permission
D The owner's permission
Correct Answer: C Police permission
Explanation: If your vehicle is to be left unattended on a verge, you must first get permission from the police.
A The air lines
B The diff-lock
C The kingpin release handle
D The parking brake
Correct Answer: C The kingpin release handle
Explanation: When recoupling, you must connect the dog clip to secure the kingpin release handle.
A Bulk grain
B Cement
C Frozen foods
D Timber
Correct Answer: C Frozen foods
Explanation: Some loads need to be transported in special conditions. For example, chilled or frozen foods need to be transported in a refrigeration unit. To drive one of these units, you'll need to be trained in how to use it. You'll also need relevant training in hygiene procedures.
A Covered
B Shrink-wrapped
C Under a waterproof membrane
D While displaying a warning beacon
Correct Answer: A Covered
Explanation: The skip should be covered to prevent any part of the load from blowing away. Loose material blown onto the road could be a danger to other road users and can cause environmental damage.
A Oval-link
B Round-link
C Short-link
D Split-link
Correct Answer: D Split-link
Explanation: Split-link and iron chains shouldn't be used to secure loads, as they're less reliable than solid-link and steel chains. For more information on the suitability of various-sized steel chains, consult the relevant British Standard (BS) leaflets.
A To keep the contents dry
B To prevent any spillage
C To prevent theft
D To stop children climbing in
Correct Answer: B To prevent any spillage
Explanation: Debris falling from vehicles can be very dangerous to other road users, so skips need to be covered when they're transported. Falling debris may also cause environmental damage.
A The Health and Safety Executive
B The insurance company
C You, the driver
D Your employer
Correct Answer: C You, the driver
Explanation: Protective clothing will usually be provided by your company. However, it's your responsibility to make sure that you use it properly.
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: If you drive a vehicle carrying dangerous or hazardous material, you must make sure the correct symbol or mark is clearly visible.
A 10 times
B 2 times
C 20 times
D 4 times
Correct Answer: A 10 times
Explanation: It's vital that you give yourself enough separation distance when driving on icy roads - ten times as much as in normal conditions. You should brake gently to reduce the risk of losing control.
A During gentle acceleration
B During gentle braking
C During harsh acceleration
D During harsh braking
Correct Answer: A During gentle acceleration
Explanation: A vehicle is most stable when travelling in a straight line under gentle acceleration. Sudden acceleration, steering or braking can cause severe loss of control. For maximum control, keep your driving as smooth as possible.
A The officer
B The vehicle owner
C You, the driver
D Your transport manager
Correct Answer: A The officer
Explanation: When an enforcement officer keeps a record chart, the driver should ask the officer to sign the back of the replacement chart. They'll need to give their name, telephone number and the number of charts they've kept. The replacement chart must be used to continue the journey. You should always carry more blank charts than you think you'll need.
Correct Answer: C Three days
Explanation: Under EU rules, you must have a minimum daily rest of 11 consecutive hours. However you may reduce this to 9 hours for up to three days in any one week.
A It's carrying a first-aid kit
B It's carrying dangerous goods
C It's carrying medical supplies
D It's unladen
Correct Answer: B It's carrying dangerous goods
Explanation: Vehicles that carry dangerous goods have badges displayed on the side and rear. The badges are orange and show the type of material that's being carried. Make a note of this and report it to the emergency services when you contact them.
A Whether they can breathe
B Whether they have any bruising
C Whether they have broken bones
D Whether they're bleeding
Correct Answer: A Whether they can breathe
Explanation: At the scene of an incident, first make sure there's no danger of further collisions or fire before dealing with any casualties. The priority when dealing with an unconscious person is to make sure they can breathe. This may involve clearing their airway if they're having difficulty or there's an obvious obstruction. Don't remove a motorcyclist's helmet unless it's essential, as you could cause them serious injury.
A Give them a warm drink
B Keep them moving
C Offer them a cigarette
D Reassure them confidently
Correct Answer: D Reassure them confidently
Explanation: Immediate treatment can help to reduce the effects of shock. Reassure the casualty and try to keep them warm and comfortable. Only move a casualty if it's necessary for their safety.
A Apply firm pressure to the wound
B Dab the wound to stop the bleeding
C Fetch them a warm drink
D Keep both legs flat on the ground
Correct Answer: A Apply firm pressure to the wound
Explanation: Lift the pedestrian's leg so that the wound is higher than their heart. This should reduce the flow of blood. Check that the limb isn't broken and there's nothing in the wound before applying pressure over it.
A Because an ambulance is on the way
B Because bystanders advise you to
C Because there's further danger
D Because they look uncomfortable
Correct Answer: C Because there's further danger
Explanation: Moving a casualty could cause further injury, so it's important that this is only done if there's danger to them where they are.
A Continue to drive and report it at the end of the day
B Drain the air tanks and then continue
C Park and phone for help
D Pump the brake pedal continuously
Correct Answer: C Park and phone for help
Explanation: As soon as you detect a fault on your vehicle, you must take action. Where faulty brakes are concerned, you need to seek help immediately. Always report minor faults as soon as you detect them. Minor faults can become major ones if they aren't repaired quickly.
A Behind, over your left shoulder
B Behind, over your right shoulder
C The nearside mirror
D The offside mirror
Correct Answer: C The nearside mirror
Explanation: Before you make a turn or a change of direction, however slight, you should always check the mirrors. If you intend to turn left, check your left-hand (nearside) mirror first.
A Extend your right arm out of the window
B Just use the offside mirror and move away quickly
C Signal right with indicator and arm together
D Use your mirrors and look behind
Correct Answer: D Use your mirrors and look behind
Explanation: To make sure it's safe, you must use the mirrors well before you make any manoeuvre. For example, you need to use them before moving off, turning, overtaking, slowing or stopping, opening a door, or changing direction, lanes or speed.
A Avoid route-planning because of the time it takes
B Drive at a faster speed through hazardous areas
C Keep to maximum speeds for shorter journeys
D Plan routes to avoid busy times and congestion
Correct Answer: D Plan routes to avoid busy times and congestion
Explanation: If you plan your journey to avoid busy times, you can avoid congestion. That way, your overall journey time may be reduced, so cutting costs and making you a more efficient driver.
A At a level crossing
B At a pelican crossing
C At a school crossing
D At a zebra crossing
Correct Answer: A At a level crossing
Explanation: These signals can be found at level crossings, some airfields, bridges and emergency access sites. You must stop if the red lights are flashing. At level crossings, if the lights continue to flash after a train has passed, continue to wait because another train is coming.
A Vehicles with a mixture of re-cut and new tyres
B Vehicles with a mixture of tyre makes
C Vehicles with faulty spray-suppression equipment
D Vehicles with faulty suspension
Correct Answer: D Vehicles with faulty suspension
Explanation: Suspension faults may result in road damage. Road-friendly suspension reduces the impact on the environment, the road surface and under-road services.
A At the entrance to a car park
B At the start of a cycle lane
C On the approach to a lifting barrier
D On the approach to an arched bridge
Correct Answer: D On the approach to an arched bridge
Explanation: High vehicles are often directed to the centre of the road to go under an arched bridge. Check that your vehicle doesn't exceed the height restriction indicated. Plan your route in advance to avoid any bridges that your vehicle won't be able to clear.
A Use the left-hand lane, then move to the right as you enter the roundabout
B Use the left-hand of the two lanes
C Use the right-hand lane, then move to the left as you enter the roundabout
D Use the right-hand of the two lanes
Correct Answer: B Use the left-hand of the two lanes
Explanation: Using the left-hand lane will make it easier for you to leave the roundabout. If you use the right-hand lane, there could be traffic on your left and in your blind spot when you reach your exit and try to move back to the left.
A Avoid driving on motorways after dark
B Don't drive until they're repaired
C Drive only if the weather is good
D Drive only until the light begins to fade
Correct Answer: B Don't drive until they're repaired
Explanation: To comply with the law, all lights must be in good working order, even in daylight when they're not being used. Before you set out, make sure that everything is working and get any faulty lights fixed. You may need to use your headlights or other lights if you're delayed or find yourself driving in conditions of reduced visibility.
A Accelerate because you have priority
B Maintain your speed; it's just an information sign
C Slow down; the road may be narrow ahead
D Stop and give way to oncoming traffic
Correct Answer: C Slow down; the road may be narrow ahead
Explanation: When the road narrows, there'll be less room than normal and others may not obey the rules, so slow down and approach with caution. Even when you have priority, you should still be ready to stop.
A Into the carburettors
B Into the combustion chamber
C Into the crankcase
D Into the manifold
Correct Answer: B Into the combustion chamber
Explanation: Most diesel engines use a high-pressure fuel-injector system that will deliver pressurised fuel directly into the combustion chamber of the engine. This system is known as a direct-injection engine.
A Clean the valve
B Fit the same valve
C Have the valve checked
D Replace the valve
Correct Answer: D Replace the valve
Explanation: Always get expert advice when dealing with tyres. It's good practice to have a new valve fitted when replacing a tubeless tyre. Good garages and specialist tyre services know the regulations.
A At least 10 metres (32 feet) away from any junction
B In an off-road parking area
C In most lay-bys
D On a road with a 20 mph speed limit
Correct Answer: B In an off-road parking area
Explanation: Off-road lorry and coach parks are often well lit and patrolled by police or security firms. Never leave your vehicle unlit on a public road or in a lay-by after dark.
A Move out and accelerate hard
B Move out slowly
C Pull out before the vehicle reaches the junction
D Wait until the vehicle starts to turn in
Correct Answer: D Wait until the vehicle starts to turn in
Explanation: Try to anticipate the actions of other road users. When you're waiting at a junction, don't emerge until you're sure of their intentions; their signals might be misleading.
A When driving close to the kerb
B When driving near a hospital
C When driving over a speed hump
D When driving past a car park
Correct Answer: A When driving close to the kerb
Explanation: When you drive too close to the kerb, there's a risk that your nearside mirror could strike the head of a pedestrian. Be aware of this hazard and, if you see pedestrians close to the road, make sure you leave them enough room.
A They allow you to follow other vehicles more closely
B They enable you to brake later than normal
C They help you keep steering control while braking heavily
D They let you drive faster on wet roads
Correct Answer: C They help you keep steering control while braking heavily
Explanation: When your steering wheels are locked - as can happen in a skid - you can't steer the vehicle. Anti-lock brakes help you to keep steering control while you're braking heavily, but they aren't a substitute for good forward planning. Anticipation and planning ahead will minimise the risk of skidding more effectively than relying on your braking system.
A When you're braking
B When you're changing gear
C When you're cornering
D When you're overtaking
Correct Answer: D When you're overtaking
Explanation: Forward planning is important whenever you consider overtaking another road user. You should carefully assess the speed of the vehicle you intend to overtake. Remember that your vehicle's speed is limited and this could considerably increase the distance and time needed to complete the manoeuvre safely.
A When it's foggy
B When it's icy
C When it's raining
D When it's windy
Correct Answer: D When it's windy
Explanation: A buffer lane is used when the wind begins to cause a risk to high-sided vehicles. At other times, it will be a normal lane. Don't use the buffer lane unless your vehicle has been blown off course into the lane, or you need to use it to avoid an incident or collision.
A Drivers of emergency vehicles
B Drivers of low-loaders
C Drivers of tankers
D Drivers towing caravans
Correct Answer: D Drivers towing caravans
Explanation: Caravans are relatively light but have a large surface area. This makes them vulnerable to the turbulence created by large vehicles travelling at speed. The blast of air can destabilise the caravan, causing it to snake, and in extreme cases they can be blown over.
A Drivers bunch together when it's raining
B Headlights will dazzle you more easily
C More spray will be thrown up
D Windscreen wipers obstruct your view
Correct Answer: C More spray will be thrown up
Explanation: Higher speeds will cause more spray to be thrown up by vehicles' tyres - particularly the tyres of larger vehicles and trailers. Always use dipped headlights in poor visibility caused by rain and spray.
A Increased brake wear
B Increased effectiveness
C Reduced brake wear
D Reduced effectiveness
Correct Answer: D Reduced effectiveness
Explanation: Before driving a vehicle fitted with anti-lock brakes, refer to the handbook. This will give you details of the manufacturer's recommended method of use. Remember, anti-lock brakes will enhance your skills, but they can't replace them.
A As a way to reduce gear changes
B To improve fuel consumption
C When driving on steep cambers
D While driving down long hills
Correct Answer: D While driving down long hills
Explanation: Plan ahead and use your endurance brake (retarder) to help keep your speed in check on long downhill gradients. This can help to prevent your brakes from overheating and fading.
A Ambulance
B Doctor's car
C Fire engine
D Road gritter
Correct Answer: B Doctor's car
Explanation: A green flashing light on a vehicle means the driver or passenger is a doctor on an emergency call. Give way to them if it's safe to do so. Be aware that the vehicle may be travelling quickly or may stop suddenly.
A Be patient and wait
B Drive on
C Sound your horn
D Wave them to cross
Correct Answer: A Be patient and wait
Explanation: If you stop for pedestrians and they don't start to cross, be patient. Don't wave them across or sound your horn. This could be dangerous if the driver of an approaching vehicle isn't aware of them. The driver may not have seen or heard your signal, making it very dangerous for the pedestrians to start to cross.
A Close your windows and set the heating to warm
B Close your windows and turn up the radio volume
C Leave the motorway at the next exit and take a rest
D Stop on the hard shoulder at a safe place to rest
Correct Answer: C Leave the motorway at the next exit and take a rest
Explanation: If you feel the onset of tiredness, you need to take a break. This might be at a motorway service station, but if there isn't one nearby you'll need to leave at the next exit and find a safe place to stop and rest.
A Drink plenty of water
B Drive only at night
C Make short journeys only
D Seek medical advice
Correct Answer: D Seek medical advice
Explanation: Check all medicines for their side-effects, such as drowsiness. If you're unsure, ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain how you might be affected by the medication.
A Because there are no road markings
B Because they have priority
C To avoid splashing them
D To encourage them to cross
Correct Answer: C To avoid splashing them
Explanation: When the roads are wet, have consideration for pedestrians walking or standing near the kerb.
A Every driver will normally be tired
B Large vehicles are subject to a 10% speed reduction
C Most towns aren't adequately lit
D Speed and distance are harder to judge
Correct Answer: D Speed and distance are harder to judge
Explanation: In the darkness, it will be difficult to assess the road ahead - especially if there are bends or hills, which may prevent you from seeing oncoming vehicles.
A Be ready to adjust your speed
B Leave the other vehicle to adjust its speed
C Stay at the maximum speed allowed for your vehicle
D Try to race and get ahead of it
Correct Answer: A Be ready to adjust your speed
Explanation: It's not always possible for drivers in the left-hand lane to change lanes to let joining traffic merge. However, you should be ready to adjust your speed to help the joining driver merge safely.
Correct Answer: A Go in any direction
Explanation: When following cyclists onto a roundabout, be aware that they might not take the exit you expect them to. Cyclists approaching in the left-hand lane may be turning right. They may not have been able to get into the correct lane due to heavy traffic, so give them room.
A Drive on unless the pedestrians step out
B Prepare to slow down and stop
C Speed up and pass by quickly
D Stop and wave the pedestrians across
Correct Answer: B Prepare to slow down and stop
Explanation: Be courteous and prepare to stop. Don't wave people across, as this could be dangerous if another vehicle is approaching the crossing.
A Overtake the moped before the junction
B Pull alongside the moped and stay level until just before the junction
C Sound your horn as a warning and turn in front of the moped
D Stay behind until the moped has passed the junction
Correct Answer: D Stay behind until the moped has passed the junction
Explanation: Passing the moped and then turning into the junction could mean that you cut across in front of the rider. This might cause them to slow down, stop or even lose control.
A Cut in front of them
B Keep close to them
C Proceed as normal
D Stay well back
Correct Answer: D Stay well back
Explanation: Allow horse riders to enter and exit the roundabout in their own time. Don't drive up close behind or alongside them; this could disturb the horse.
A Cancel your right-turn signal
B Check for traffic passing on your right
C Select first gear
D Stop and set the handbrake
Correct Answer: B Check for traffic passing on your right
Explanation: Motorcyclists can often pass slow or stationary traffic because of the relatively small size of their vehicle. Take a last look in your right-hand mirror to check for motorcyclists and so avoid turning across their path.
A Drive it out of the tunnel if you can do so
B Leave it where it is, with the engine running
C Park it away from the carriageway
D Stop, then walk to an emergency telephone point
Correct Answer: A Drive it out of the tunnel if you can do so
Explanation: If it's possible, and you can do so without causing further danger, it's safer to drive a vehicle that's on fire out of a tunnel. The greatest danger in a tunnel fire is smoke and suffocation.
A Your attention will be diverted from the road
B Your field of vision will be reduced
C Your vehicle will be harder to steer
D Your vehicle's electronic systems will be disrupted
Correct Answer: A Your attention will be diverted from the road
Explanation: Driving today requires all of your attention, all of the time. Any distraction, however brief, is dangerous. This is why it's illegal to use a hand-held mobile phone while you're driving.
A Keep one hand on the steering wheel
B Reduce your speed wherever you are
C Slow down and allow others to overtake
D Stop safely before answering
Correct Answer: D Stop safely before answering
Explanation: No phone call is important enough to endanger someone's life. If you must be contactable when driving, plan your route to include breaks where you can catch up on telephone messages in safety. Always choose a safe place to take a break.
A Apply the parking brake
B Repeatedly pump the brake pedal
C Select neutral for a short distance
D Use the endurance brake
Correct Answer: D Use the endurance brake
Explanation: Brake fade occurs when the brakes overheat. Good forward planning and correct use of the gears when descending hills, together with proper use of the endurance brake (retarder), can help to prevent brake fade.
A On downhill gradients
B On slippery roads
C On uneven roads
D On uphill gradients
Correct Answer: B On slippery roads
Explanation: The endurance brake (retarder) slows the vehicle without the use of the wheel-mounted brakes. However, care should be taken in slippery conditions, when the retarder's effect can be powerful enough to cause a skid.
A Flash your headlights and slow down
B Slow down and give way if it's safe to do so
C Slow down and then sound your horn
D Sound your horn and keep going
Correct Answer: B Slow down and give way if it's safe to do so
Explanation: Give way to buses whenever you can do so safely, especially when they signal to pull away from bus stops. Look out for people who have left the bus and wish to cross the road. Also look for people rushing to catch a bus: they may be more concerned about catching the bus than watching for traffic.
A Give a left-turn signal
B Maintain a steady speed
C Pull in when you can
D Wave them past
Correct Answer: C Pull in when you can
Explanation: Drivers queuing behind you may make hasty or ill-judged decisions in an effort to overtake. If you see a queue of traffic building up behind, give way as soon as you can do so safely by pulling in to the left.
A Its fuel consumption will improve
B The brakes will fade more easily
C You'll be breaking the law
D Your vision ahead will be reduced
Correct Answer: C You'll be breaking the law
Explanation: It's illegal to drive a vehicle that's emitting excessive exhaust smoke, so you should get the problem fixed as soon as you're aware of it. Excessive exhaust smoke increases pollution and creates a hazard for other road users.
A Concentrate on the road ahead
B Overtake using the hard shoulder
C Slow down to take a look
D Stop on the hard shoulder
Correct Answer: A Concentrate on the road ahead
Explanation: Drivers passing incidents often end up having collisions themselves when they're distracted by the scene. You need to keep your concentration in a situation like this and ignore what's happening on the other carriageway.
A They mark access points for emergency services
B They mark the lanes in a contraflow system
C They separate the edge of the hard shoulder from the grass verge
D They separate the slip road from the motorway
Correct Answer: B They mark the lanes in a contraflow system
Explanation: Roadworks can involve complex lane layouts. Reflective green-and-yellow fluorescent studs are used to separate the lanes in a contraflow traffic system. As you approach roadworks, look for traffic signs giving you advance information, which may relate to the size or type of vehicle you're driving.
A Always use the retarder
B Brake gently and in good time
C Change down through the gears
D Use the parking brake in a rapid on-and-off movement
Correct Answer: B Brake gently and in good time
Explanation: When you have to slow down or stop, you should always avoid harsh, late braking. This is particularly important on icy or slippery roads, where you need to brake gently and in good time to make sure you keep control of your vehicle.
Correct Answer: D Tyres
Explanation: Hitting the kerb at speed can split the tyre or put the steering and suspension geometry out of alignment. Have it checked as soon as possible. A sudden puncture in a front tyre could result in a loss of steering control and a serious crash.
A To apply the emergency brakes
B To give quicker acceleration
C To go down a steep hill
D To stop more smoothly
Correct Answer: B To give quicker acceleration
Explanation: Depending on road speed, pressing the accelerator pedal firmly to the floor will activate a switch that allows the gearbox to select a lower gear for improved acceleration.
A Douse the burns with cold water
B Remove anything sticking to the burns
C Remove smouldering clothing
D Try to put out the fire
Correct Answer: A Douse the burns with cold water
Explanation: Don't remove anything sticking to a burn. You may cause further damage and introduce infection into the wound. If you can, douse the burn with clean cold water or other non-toxic liquid for at least 10 minutes.
Correct Answer: C Motorcycles
Explanation: Take care to secure caps and tank hatches. Diesel is very slippery and, if spilled on the road, it's particularly dangerous to motorcyclists.
A Car drivers
B Cyclists
C Lorry drivers
D Taxi drivers
Correct Answer: B Cyclists
Explanation: Road junctions can be especially dangerous for some road users, especially those that are small and more easily overlooked. Effective observation is necessary to ensure you don't overlook anything.
A To avoid splashing others with water
B To avoid throwing up loose chippings
C To prevent grit from blocking your air filter
D To reduce the risk of a blow-out
Correct Answer: B To avoid throwing up loose chippings
Explanation: This sign is usually accompanied by a reduced speed limit. When chippings fly out from your tyres, they can cause a lot of damage to other vehicles, or injury to pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists. Slowing down will reduce the risk.
A Ask your local garage
B Check your vehicle's workshop manual
C Consult your travel agents
D Use a route planner on the internet
Correct Answer: D Use a route planner on the internet
Explanation: Various route planners are available on the internet. Most of them give you options, allowing you to choose the most direct route, the quickest route or a scenic route. The plans may also include rest and fuel stops. Print them off and take them with you, but don't look at them while you're actually driving.
A It may be more scenic
B You may get held up by a tractor
C Your maps may have different scales
D Your original route may be blocked
Correct Answer: D Your original route may be blocked
Explanation: It can be frustrating and worrying to find your planned route is blocked by roadworks or diversions. If you've planned an alternative, you'll feel less stressed and able to concentrate fully on your driving. If your original route is mostly on motorways, it's a good idea to plan an alternative using non-motorway roads. Always carry a map with you just in case you need to refer to it - but stop driving before you do so.
A A motorcycle
B A road tanker
C A sports car
D A taxi
Correct Answer: A A motorcycle
Explanation: Motorcycles can be very vulnerable to strong side wind. Allow extra room when overtaking them in windy weather. Check your nearside mirror while alongside and before moving back to the left.
A Five years
B One year
C Ten years
D Three years
Correct Answer: A Five years
Explanation: Digital tachograph driver smart cards are valid for a maximum of five years. You should receive a reminder about three months before the expiry date. However, it's your responsibility to make sure that you apply for a new card at least 15 days before the old one expires.
A A tachograph calibration centre
B Highways England
C The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency
D The Post Office
Correct Answer: C The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency
Explanation: In Great Britain, a replacement smart card can only be obtained from the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA). In Northern Ireland, they're available from the Driver and Vehicle Agency (DVA).
A Brake hard and steer towards the affected side
B Don't use your brakes under any circumstances
C Hold the steering wheel firmly and slow down gradually
D Steer to the right-hand side and brake firmly
Correct Answer: C Hold the steering wheel firmly and slow down gradually
Explanation: With a front-tyre blow-out, you won't be able to steer properly. Keep a firm hold of the steering wheel and slow gradually to a stop. Don't brake hard or steer sharply.
A It expands
B It liquefies
C It shrinks
D It waxes
Correct Answer: A It expands
Explanation: On a hot day, the fuel in your tank will expand. If this happens when the tank has been filled to the brim, fuel will spill onto the road. This can be very dangerous or even fatal for other road users - especially motorcyclists. Allow for this expansion when filling your tank.
A Leave it in the broken-down vehicle
B Take it with you for security, but use a new chart in the new vehicle
C Take it with you, and use it in the new vehicle
D Telephone the testing authority for permission to drive without a chart
Correct Answer: C Take it with you, and use it in the new vehicle
Explanation: When changing vehicles, you should also record certain pieces of information, including the closing odometer reading, the registration number of the new vehicle, the odometer start reading and the time of the vehicle change.
A Keep a two-second gap
B Reduce your separation distance
C Remove spray-suppression equipment
D Use dipped headlights
Correct Answer: D Use dipped headlights
Explanation: When visibility is poor or the road is wet, leave a greater separation distance - at least a four-second time gap from the vehicle in front. You should also reduce speed and use dipped headlights.
A Assume the system has automatic drain valves
B Find out whether you need to drain the system manually
C Leave the engine running for a while before driving
D Nothing; it's the vehicle owner's responsibility
Correct Answer: B Find out whether you need to drain the system manually
Explanation: Moisture in the braking system can cause serious problems, especially in cold weather, when it could freeze and stop the brakes from working. Most modern vehicles have a system that drains automatically, but make sure you know which system is fitted to any vehicle that you drive.