ECS Test 15

You have 30 minutes to answer 50 multiple choice ECS Test questions. You need 43 out of 50 to pass. You can review your answer after each question or wait until the end of the test for your result. Good luck!

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A Avoiding overheating site huts
B Leaving engines and motors running when they are not needed
C Segregating waste
D Vehicle sharing or using public transport to get to work
Correct Answer: B Leaving engines and motors running when they are not needed
Explanation: Option A) generates local air pollution and carbon dioxide emissions (which contribute to global warming), and also increases the noise nuisance.
A A lot of energy and raw materials go into making most construction products
B It makes less mess on site
C It's a European Union Law
D To save the client money
Correct Answer: A A lot of energy and raw materials go into making most construction products
Explanation: Although reducing the amount of waste is the first priority, the re-use of materials can also contribute to effective waste management.
A Activate fire sprinklers
B Delay the passage of fire and smoke through openings in walls and floors
C Prevent a fire starting
D Set off the fire alarm
Correct Answer: B Delay the passage of fire and smoke through openings in walls and floors
Explanation: Fire-stopping is a passive fire protection measure used to seal any openings created in a fire resistance-rated wall or floor assembly, e.g. to allow pipes or wiring systems to pass through. During fire conditions this will impede the spread of fire and smoke.
A Preventing premature structural collapse
B Reducing noise transmission
C Reducing nuisance fire alarms
D Saving energy
Correct Answer: A Preventing premature structural collapse
Explanation: During the fire, it is essential that the load-bearing capacity of elements of the building structure are maintained until the occupants have escaped. Timber studs, joists or 'I' beams, for example, may only have a short survival time if exposed to fire and may rely on linings, such as plasterboard ceiling, for fire resistance. Services passing through such linings should therefore be fire-stopped.
A Expand when subjected to heat
B Expand when subjected to smoke
C Prevent noise transmission
D Shrink when subjected to heat
Correct Answer: A Expand when subjected to heat
Explanation: A limited number of fire-resistant materials may be used to provide fire-stopping. These include intumescent products, which are designed to expand and provide fire-stopping when subjected to heat. Examples include intumescent 'pillows' (used to provide internal sealing of trunking) and intumescent mastic.
A Ensure that the fire-stopping is reinstated to the necessary standard as soon as possible
B Fill any holes or gaps with squashed paper
C Highlight this on any certification
D Nail a piece of wood over any gaps
Correct Answer: A Ensure that the fire-stopping is reinstated to the necessary standard as soon as possible
Explanation: It is essential that the integrity of fire compartments is maintained during the construction of buildings and on their completion. Compromising compartmentation, such as failing to adequately fire-stop (seal) openings for services to pass through, can undermine fire precautions catastrophically. Only a limited range of products are suitable and they must be correctly applied to provide the required degree of fire-stopping.
A Cover the hole or gap with insulating tape
B Ignore it unless it is causing a draught
C Report it to your supervisor without delay
D Use decorators' sealant to fill the gap
Correct Answer: C Report it to your supervisor without delay
Explanation: Supervisors need to be made aware of any observed inadequacies in fire-stopping - which can undermine fire precautions catastrophically during the construction of buildings and on their completion. Only a limited range of products are suitable and they must be correctly applied to provide the required degree of fire-stopping.
A All persons engaged for work purposes
B Employees only
C Employers only
D Self employed persons only
Correct Answer: A All persons engaged for work purposes
Explanation: The EAW Regulations impose duties on employers, employees and the self employed.
A Ask your supervisor about the correct way to deal with this waste.
B Dispose of it in a sealed container into the site skip
C Pour it onto the ground, it will soak away
D Take it outside and set light to it
Correct Answer: A Ask your supervisor about the correct way to deal with this waste.
Explanation: Dealing with hazardous/special waste will include proper storage and segregation before it is taken away by an authorized waste carrier as required by environmental legislation. An oil spillage could also get into the ground or drains, which may also be an offence under environmental law. Burning waste on site is also an offence, under air pollution legislation, and can lead to local complaints.
A When it is unreasonable in all circumstances for the equipment to be made dead and suitable precautions are taken
B When the means of isolation cannot be identified
C When the person carrying out the work is a competent person
D When the person working on the equipment is wearing rubber gloves
Correct Answer: A When it is unreasonable in all circumstances for the equipment to be made dead and suitable precautions are taken
Explanation: This is a requirement under r.14 of the EAW Regulations. However, it does not mean that live working is then 'safe'
A A 3 amp fuse should prevent a person receiving a fatal electric shock
B A 30mA Residual Current Device (RCD) should prevent a person receiving a fatal electric shock.
C A 5 amp rewireable fuse should prevent a person receiving a fatal electric shock
D A 6 amp circuit breaker should prevent a person receiving a fatal electric shock
Correct Answer: B A 30mA Residual Current Device (RCD) should prevent a person receiving a fatal electric shock.
Explanation: An RCD is a mechanical switching device intended to cause the opening of the contacts when the residual current attains a given value under specified conditions.
Correct Answer: D Yellow
Explanation: Yellow is the usual colour of cables, socket outlets, plugs and transformers etc which are used with a 110 volt supply.
A The electric current can cause a slight tingling in the fingers
B The electric current can cause burn marks on the fingers
C The electric current can cause the finger muscles to twitch
D The electric current can cause the heart to stop, resulting in death
Correct Answer: D The electric current can cause the heart to stop, resulting in death
Explanation: Contact with live electrical parts can be fatal. If you do not know otherwise, always assume that electrical parts are live.
A Just get on with the job, and accept the risks
B Look into the manhole to see if you can see any harmful gases
C Sniff the atmosphere in the manhole to see if you can smell harmful gases
D Tell your supervisor that you will need RPE, and if necessary, training in confined space working
Correct Answer: D Tell your supervisor that you will need RPE, and if necessary, training in confined space working
Explanation: An employer must provide all necessary personal protective equipment and respiratory protective equipment when an employee is required to enter a confined space. This is one of the requirements of the Confined Spaces Regulations 1997.
15. When working alone: Give one answer
A Don't bother anyone if you have a problem, always sort it out yourself
B Make sure someone responsible knows where you are
C Wear headphones, it will make the day go more quickly
D You can do away with protective equipment
Correct Answer: B Make sure someone responsible knows where you are
Explanation: Employees should adhere to safe working arrangements put in place by their employer. When working alone, such arrangements should include informing a responsible person of your location periodically.
A Carry out a risk assessment
B Do as the client demands
C Only work dead
D Only work live
Correct Answer: A Carry out a risk assessment
Explanation: To identify and assess the risks involved and the methods of controlling them.
A 110 volts
B 12 volts
C 230 volts
D 24 volts
Correct Answer: A 110 volts
Explanation: 110 volt reduced low voltage systems are strongly preferred for the supply to such equipment.
A Circuit breaker
B Residual current device
C Step-down generator
D Transformer
Correct Answer: D Transformer
Explanation: A transformer, usually coloured yellow, will transform 230 volts (mains voltage) down to a relatively safe 110 volts.
A Don't do anything to protect the cable
B Lay the cable over wooden boards
C Place a rubber protection ramp over it and put up a sign stating 'Ramp Ahead'
D Throw wooden boards over it
Correct Answer: C Place a rubber protection ramp over it and put up a sign stating 'Ramp Ahead'
Explanation: It is essential that the cable is protected from damage caused by passing traffic. A sign will warn road traffic of the ramp.
A Air in the space may be unbreathable due to poisonous gas
B All of the hazards mentioned
C Temperature and poor ventilation may affect the worker
D There may not be sufficient working space
Correct Answer: B All of the hazards mentioned
Explanation: There can be a range of hazards associated with confined spaces, and these can include all of those mentioned
A Does the wind-speed make it unsafe to use the machine
B Tie all light-weight objects to the hand-rails of the basket
C Wear a safety harness and clip it to the structure that you are working on
D Wear an extra layer of clothing to keep warm
Correct Answer: A Does the wind-speed make it unsafe to use the machine
Explanation: The priority in safety is eliminating risk at source - in this case by not working in dangerous conditions - rather than trying to stay safe by using protective equipment.
Correct Answer: C 4 metres
Explanation: This figure is quoted in guidance published by the HSE and PASMA. Checks should also be made that there are no obstructions overhead, the ground is firm, level and free from potholes, it is not too windy and there are no people or materials on the tower.
A Safe working level
B Safe working load
C Satisfactory weight limit
D Satisfactory working limit
Correct Answer: B Safe working load
Explanation: Machinery and accessories for lifting loads should be clearly marked to indicate their safe working loads.
A Ask them if they want something to eat
B Go and find them something to drink
C Help them to find somewhere comfortable to sit
D Send someone for the first-aider
Correct Answer: D Send someone for the first-aider
Explanation: Competent first-aid treatment is essential, and should be summoned immediately.
A One
B One on each section of an extension ladder
C Three if it is long enough
D Two
Correct Answer: A One
Explanation: Only one person should be working on a ladder, although another person may be footing it, for extra stability.
A Four metres up for every metre out from the wall
B One metre up for every metre out from the wall
C One metre up for every two metres out from the wall
D Two metres up for every metre out from the wall
Correct Answer: A Four metres up for every metre out from the wall
Explanation: The correct angle for a ladder is 75 degrees, which an be judged using the angle indicator marked on the stiles of some ladders or using the 1 in 4 rule.
A Keeping the areas open to the public
B Keeping the job going
C Preventing complaints from the public
D The danger of falling materials
Correct Answer: D The danger of falling materials
Explanation: There is a significant risk to the public from falling materials, if this is not considered before and during work.
A Every four years
B Every six months
C Every three years
D Every two years
Correct Answer: C Every three years
Explanation: First Aid at Work (FAW) and Emergency First Aid at Work (EFAW) certificates are valid for three years and first-aiders are required to undertake retraining at the end of this period. However, the HSE also strongly recommends that first-aiders undertake annual (half-day) refresher training.
A Issue hearing protection to those exposed and ensure that it is worn
B Provide hearing protection to those employees who ask for it
C Report it to the Health and Safety Executive
D Tell employees to buy their own hearing protection
Correct Answer: A Issue hearing protection to those exposed and ensure that it is worn
Explanation: This is an interim measure under the Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005 when the daily personal noise exposure is at or exceeds the upper exposure action value of 85 dB(A). Exposure should subsequently be reduced by implementing organizational or technical measures.
A Pig
B Rat
C Sheep
D Snake
Correct Answer: B Rat
Explanation: Weil's disease is a serious and sometimes fatal infection that can be transmitted to humans by contact with infected rats. Another form of Leptospirosis infection can be transmitted from cattle to humans.
A Safe passage to a secure place of safety
B Safe passage to the ground from height
C Safe passage to the open air
D Safe passage to the rest area
Correct Answer: A Safe passage to a secure place of safety
A To the canteen for a cup of tea
B To the fire assembly point
C To the fire to see what is going on
D To the site hut
Correct Answer: B To the fire assembly point
Explanation: It is essential that people go to a place of safety, where supervisors or fire marshals know where they are, in the event of a fire.
A By not looking directly at what you are doing
B By squinting
C By wearing sunglasses
D By wearing the correct type of eye protection
Correct Answer: D By wearing the correct type of eye protection
A The best way to tackle the job
B The first line of defence
C The last resort
D The only practical measure
Correct Answer: C The last resort
Explanation: Engineering controls and safe systems of work should always be considered first.
A Asbestosis
B Asthma
C Dermatitis
D Glandular fever
Correct Answer: A Asbestosis
Explanation: Breathing in asbestos fibres can also lead to a number of other diseases, including lung cancer and mesothelioma
A You can drill holes in your safety hat for ventilation
B You can take off your helmet while working inside the building
C You do not need to wear your helmet
D You must continue to wear your helmet
Correct Answer: D You must continue to wear your helmet
Explanation: On construction sites, despite controls being put in place, there will always be situations where a risk of head injury remains. Taking off your helmet would put you at a much greater risk of a head injury and any unauthorised modification would be in breach of legal requirements and could render the helmet next to useless.
A Not to loan the equipment to other operatives
B To ensure that they are the right type of protector
C To pay for replacement of lost eye protection
D To use the protection in accordance with training and instruction
Correct Answer: D To use the protection in accordance with training and instruction
Explanation: Regulation 10(2) requires that every employee shall use any PPE in accordance with the training and instruction received.
A The injured person or anyone acting for them
B The injured person's supervisor
C The site manager or engineer
D The site safety manager
Correct Answer: A The injured person or anyone acting for them
Explanation: This is the procedure for recording accidents internally in the accident book(BI 510).
A The ambulance service
B The police
C Your employer or supervisor
D Your workmate
Correct Answer: C Your employer or supervisor
Explanation: If the supervisor is aware of an accident he can take steps to prevent a recurrence. The employer also has legal duties to report certain incidents to the enforcing authority.
A All men are equally capable
B All people are different
C All women are equally capable
D Young men are weak
Correct Answer: B All people are different
Explanation: Assessing ability for manual handling must be done on an individual basis.
A It helps the site find out what caused it
B It is a legal requirement
C So that the company will be held responsible
D So that the site manager can see who is to blame
Correct Answer: B It is a legal requirement
Explanation: Serious accidents (specified injuries or those resulting in an absence of over 7 days) must be reported to the enforcing authority under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR).
A How to lift the load
B What the weight of the load is
C Where to hold the load when lifting
D Whether the load needs to be lifted at all
Correct Answer: D Whether the load needs to be lifted at all
Explanation: If possible, it is best to avoid the risks from lifting altogether. This is the preferred requirement laid down in the Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992.
A 15kg provided that it is a compact load
B 35kg provided that it has no sharp edges
C The weight they can lift comfortably
D Whatever the supervisor instructs
Correct Answer: C The weight they can lift comfortably
Explanation: There are no strict weight limits - the priority is to avoid injury.
A The capacity of the strongest individual
B The capacity of the weakest individual
C The sum of their individual capacities
D Two thirds the sum of their individual capacities
Correct Answer: D Two thirds the sum of their individual capacities
Explanation: This is contained in HSE guidance on the Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992.
A Apply only to inexperienced workers
B Apply only to large companies
C Are mandatory (that is, compulsory)
D Do not apply during 'out of hours' working
Correct Answer: C Are mandatory (that is, compulsory)
Explanation: The requirements of health and safety law are mandatory, and failure to follow them can lead to prosecutions.
A As someone has taken the time and trouble to write them, you might as well read them
B He thinks you have got nothing better to do
C He wouldn't, he thinks they are a waste of time
D They contain information on how to carry out the job in a safe manner
Correct Answer: D They contain information on how to carry out the job in a safe manner
Explanation: The supervisor must, by law, keep workers advised of significant risks, and control measures.
Correct Answer: D Yellow and black
Explanation: Warning signs are triangular and feature a black pictogram on a yellow background with black edging.
Correct Answer: B Green and white
Explanation: Emergency escape and first-aid signs are rectangular or square and feature a white pictogram on a green background.
A The work can continue if adequate safety precautions are put in place
B The work can continue, provided a risk assessment is carried out
C The work in hand can be completed, but no new work started
D The work that is subject to the notice must cease
Correct Answer: D The work that is subject to the notice must cease
Explanation: The work activity covered by a prohibition notice must cease, until the identified danger is removed.
A Specific work activities, highlighted on the notice, must stop
B The HSE must supervise all work from then on
C The HSE must supervise the work covered by the notice
D The Site Manager can choose whether or not to ignore the notice
Correct Answer: A Specific work activities, highlighted on the notice, must stop
Explanation: Prohibition notices are intended to Stop activities which can cause serious injury.