Health and Hygiene

You need 23 out of 27 to pass the Health and Hygiene ECS Test. There is no time limit for this test. You can review your answer after each question or wait until the end of the test for your result. Good luck!

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A Drinking Water
B Hot Food
C Toilet Facilities
D Washing Facilities
Correct Answer: B Hot Food
Explanation: Guidance on the provision of welfare facilities as required by CDM is given in HSE publication 'Health and Safety in Construction'.
A Asbestosis
B Dermatitis
C Vibration white finger
D Weil's disease
Correct Answer: C Vibration white finger
Explanation: Hand-arm vibration can cause a range of conditions (including vibration white finger) collectively known as hand-arm vibration syndrome, as well as diseases such as carpal tunnel syndrome.
A Issue hearing protection to those exposed and ensure that it is worn
B Provide hearing protection to those employees who ask for it
C Report it to the Health and Safety Executive
D Tell employees to buy their own hearing protection
Correct Answer: A Issue hearing protection to those exposed and ensure that it is worn
Explanation: This is an interim measure under the Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005 when the daily personal noise exposure is at or exceeds the upper exposure action value of 85 dB(A). Exposure should subsequently be reduced by implementing organizational or technical measures.
A 70 dB(A) and 80dB(A)
B 75 dB(A) and 85dB(A)
C 80 dB(A) and 85 dB(A)
D 85 dB(A) and 90dB(A)
Correct Answer: C 80 dB(A) and 85 dB(A)
Explanation: Daily personal noise exposure is the average noise level experienced by an individual over an 8 hour period.
Correct Answer: A 80 dB(A)
Explanation: This is one of the duties of employers under the Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005 when the lower exposure action value of 80 dB(A) is reached or exceeded.
A Are permanent
B Can be corrected by an operation
C Can be reversed to near normal, with time
D Will be reduced when you change jobs
Correct Answer: A Are permanent
Explanation: Hearing damage due to long-term noise exposure is irreversible.
A at any workplace
B in designated areas
C in noisy internal areas only
D only on building sites
Correct Answer: B in designated areas
Explanation: Employees must wear hearing protectors when exposed at or above the upper exposure action values and within hearing protection zones.
A Brings noise down to an acceptable level
B Repairs damaged hearing
C Stops you hearing all noise
D Stops you hearing distracting conversations
Correct Answer: A Brings noise down to an acceptable level
Explanation: Hearing protection still allows some noise to reach the ear, but, if it has been correctly chosen, will reduce noise levels to an acceptable level.
A Cotton wool pads
B Ear defenders
C Rolled tissue paper
D Soft cloth pads
Correct Answer: B Ear defenders
Explanation: The others are not considered to be suitable types of hearing protection.
A Making sure one person does all the work with the tool
B Selecting the lowest vibration tool that is suitable and which can do the work efficiently
C Wearing gloves to keep the hands warm
D Working as a team to share the work out
Correct Answer: A Making sure one person does all the work with the tool
Explanation: Where tools require constant or frequent use, rotas will avoid individuals having long exposure to vibration. The use of low-vibration tools and keeping the hands warm in cold conditions will also reduce the risks.
A Pig
B Rat
C Sheep
D Snake
Correct Answer: B Rat
Explanation: Weil's disease is a serious and sometimes fatal infection that can be transmitted to humans by contact with infected rats. Another form of Leptospirosis infection can be transmitted from cattle to humans.
A Drink water from a standpipe
B Fix showers or baths
C Work near air conditioning units
D Work near wet ground, waterways or sewers
Correct Answer: D Work near wet ground, waterways or sewers
Explanation: Anyone who is exposed to rat urine is at risk, particularly sewer workers and farmers. Those in contact with canal or river water are also at risk.
A Ask in a nearby cafe or pub if you can use their toilets
B Find some cleaning materials and clean it up yourself
C Ignore the problem - its normal on a construction site
D Make sure you tell someone who can sort it out
Correct Answer: D Make sure you tell someone who can sort it out
Explanation: How often welfare facilities on site require cleaning will depend on the number of people on site and how quickly they get dirty. The person in control of the site should make sure someone is responsible for keeping the facilities clean and tidy.
A Acne
B Dermatitis
C Rickets
D Skin cancer
Correct Answer: D Skin cancer
Explanation: Ultraviolet rays in sunlight can cause sunburn and premature ageing of the skin. The most serious effect, however, is an increased chance of developing skin cancer.
A Asbestosis
B Asthma
C Dermatitis
D Glandular fever
Correct Answer: A Asbestosis
Explanation: Breathing in asbestos fibres can also lead to a number of other diseases, including lung cancer and mesothelioma
A Ignore it
B Paint it
C Remove it
D Seek guidance immediately
Correct Answer: D Seek guidance immediately
Explanation: Competent advice must be sought, to prevent exposure to the worker or others, either at the time, or subsequently.
A All forms of asbestos can cause fatal diseases.
B Asbestos is not really a hazard to health
C Only brown and blue asbestos are a hazard to health
D White asbestos is safe to use
Correct Answer: A All forms of asbestos can cause fatal diseases.
Explanation: All forms of asbestos can cause fatal diseases.
A Clear any dust and fragments, put them in a bin then carry on working
B Dampen the material to prevent further dust being created, then carry on working
C Inform the site nurse
D Stop working immediately and report your suspicions to your supervisor
Correct Answer: D Stop working immediately and report your suspicions to your supervisor
Explanation: It is essential to stop work if asbestos is found or suspected, and await competent advice on what to do next.
A No
B Only if you have been trained
C Only within an enclosed space
D Yes
Correct Answer: A No
Explanation: Many harmful substances have no smell
A By a symbol on the container
B By its smell
C It will be in a suitable container
D The colour of the label on the container
Correct Answer: A By a symbol on the container
Explanation: A supplier of a packaged hazardous substance must include a label on the packaging incorporating one or more hazard symbols alerting users to the dangers posed by the chemical.
A Asbestos
B Bitumens
C Epoxy resins
D Solvents
Correct Answer: A Asbestos
Explanation: Asbestos is potentially very harmful if inhaled, but does not affect the skin significantly.
A all employees on site
B the accounts department
C the operatives using the substance
D the person in charge of the stores
Correct Answer: C the operatives using the substance
Explanation: All those working with the hazardous substances in question need to know about any risks.
A Paraffin
B Soap and water
C Thinners
D White Spirit
Correct Answer: B Soap and water
Explanation: The other substances can remove natural oils from the skin.
A Avoid leaving scraps of food lying about
B Bring a large cat on site
C Contact the local Environmental Health Officer
D Lay traps containing rat poison
Correct Answer: A Avoid leaving scraps of food lying about
Explanation: The easiest solution is to avoid leaving food around, since this is what attracts vermin.
A Because the COSHH regulations require it
B So you don't smell
C To protect your own and others' health
D To stop you catching something nasty
Correct Answer: C To protect your own and others' health
A By not reporting the matter to the HSE
B By not using the correct safety footwear
C By not washing your hands before eating
D By not wearing safety goggles
Correct Answer: C By not washing your hands before eating
Explanation: The route into the body is ingestion, normally from lead contamination on the hands.
A The duration of the work on site
B The number of personnel on site
C The ratio of male and female workers on site
D The type of work being completed
Correct Answer: B The number of personnel on site
Explanation: Guidance on the provision of welfare facilities is given in HSE publication 'Health and Safety in Construction'.