Incidents Accidents and Emergencies Theory Test

There are 48 driving theory test Incidents Accidents and Emergencies questions. You must get 86% (41 out of 48) to pass the test. You may review answers after each question by clicking the 'check answer' button or you can wait until the end of the test for your final score. Good luck!

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A When parked on double yellow lines to visit a shop
B When stopped and temporarily obstructing traffic
C When travelling during darkness without headlights
D When travelling slowly because you're lost
Correct Answer: B When stopped and temporarily obstructing traffic
Explanation: You mustn't use hazard warning lights while moving, except to warn traffic behind when you slow suddenly on a motorway or unrestricted dual carriageway. Never use hazard warning lights to excuse dangerous or illegal parking.
A Ignore any message signs, as they're never up to date
B Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front
C Make a U-turn and find another route
D Pull up very close to the vehicle in front to save space
Correct Answer: B Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front
Explanation: It's important to keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front at all times. This still applies in congested tunnels, even if you're moving very slowly or have stopped. If the vehicle in front breaks down, you may need room to manoeuvre past it.
A Apply pressure over the wound
B Dab the wound
C Get them a drink
D Walk them around and keep them talking
Correct Answer: A Apply pressure over the wound
Explanation: If possible, lay the casualty down. Protect yourself from exposure to blood and, when you're sure there's nothing in the wound, apply firm pressure using clean material.
A Check that they're breathing normally
B Move them to somewhere more comfortable
C Splash their face with cool water
D Take photographs of the scene
Correct Answer: A Check that they're breathing normally
Explanation: If a casualty is unconscious, you need to check that they're breathing normally. Look for chest movements, look and listen for breathing, and feel for breath on your cheek.
A 10 times per minute
B 120 times per minute
C 240 times per minute
D 60 times per minute
Correct Answer: B 120 times per minute
Explanation: If a casualty isn't breathing normally, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may be needed to maintain circulation. Place two hands on the centre of the chest and press down hard and fast - around 5-6 centimetres and about twice a second.
A Flushed complexion
B Rapid shallow breathing
C Slow pulse
D Warm dry skin
Correct Answer: B Rapid shallow breathing
Explanation: The effects of shock may not be immediately obvious. Warning signs to look for include
  • a rapid pulse
  • sweating
  • pale grey skin
  • rapid shallow breathing.

A Check their airway remains open
B Give them a hot sweet drink
C Place their arms by their side
D Press firmly between their shoulders
Correct Answer: A Check their airway remains open
Explanation: After a casualty has been placed in the recovery position, make sure their airway remains open and monitor their condition until medical help arrives. Where possible, don't move a casualty unless there's further danger.
A Move the person off the road
B Remove their leather jacket
C Remove their safety helmet
D Seek medical assistance
Correct Answer: D Seek medical assistance
Explanation: If someone has been injured, the sooner proper medical attention is given the better. Ask someone to phone for help or do it yourself. An injured person should only be moved if they're in further danger. An injured motorcyclist's helmet shouldn't be removed unless it's essential.
A Catch up with the lorry and try to get the driver's attention
B Go to the next emergency telephone and report the hazard
C Pull over to the hard shoulder, then remove the box
D Stop close to the box until the police arrive
Correct Answer: B Go to the next emergency telephone and report the hazard
Explanation: Lorry drivers can be unaware of objects falling from their vehicles. If you see something fall onto a motorway, look to see if the driver pulls over. If they don't stop, don't attempt to retrieve the object yourself. Pull onto the hard shoulder near an emergency telephone and report the hazard.
A Areas with hatch markings
B Hazard warning lines
C Other drivers flashing their lights
D Variable message signs
Correct Answer: D Variable message signs
Explanation: Follow the instructions given by the signs or by tunnel officials. In congested tunnels, a minor incident can soon turn into a major one, with serious or even fatal results.
A 1 to 2 centimetres
B 10 to 15 centimetres
C 15 to 20 centimetres
D 5 to 6 centimetres
Correct Answer: D 5 to 6 centimetres
Explanation: An adult casualty isn't breathing normally. To maintain circulation, place two hands on the centre of the chest. Then press down hard and fast - around 5-6 centimetres and about twice a second.
A Make sure that an ambulance has been called
B Move the people who are injured clear of their vehicles
C Stop other cars and ask the drivers for help
D Try and get people who are injured to drink something
Correct Answer: A Make sure that an ambulance has been called
Explanation: If you're the first to arrive at a crash scene, the first concerns are the risk of further collision and fire. Ensuring that vehicle engines are switched off will reduce the risk of fire. Use hazard warning lights so that other traffic knows there's a need for caution. Make sure the emergency services are contacted; don't assume it's already been done.
A Always straight away
B Always, unless they're in shock
C Only when it's essential
D Only when the motorcyclist asks
Correct Answer: C Only when it's essential
Explanation: Don't remove a motorcyclist's helmet unless it's essential. Remember they may be suffering from shock. Don't give them anything to eat or drink, but do reassure them confidently.
A Check whether they have any broken bones
B Check whether they have any bruising
C Check whether they're bleeding
D Check whether they're breathing normally
Correct Answer: D Check whether they're breathing normally
Explanation: At the scene of an incident, always be aware of danger from further collisions or fire. The first priority when dealing with an unconscious person is to ensure they can breathe. This may involve clearing their airway if you can see an obstruction or if they're having difficulty breathing.
A Whether their airway is open
B Whether their vehicle is insured
C Whether they have any allergies
D Whether they're comfortable
Correct Answer: A Whether their airway is open
Explanation: Remember this procedure by saying DR ABC. This stands for Danger, Response, Airway, Breathing, Circulation. Give whatever first aid you can and stay with the injured person until a medical professional takes over.
A Give them a warm drink
B Give them something to eat
C Keep them on the move by walking them around
D Keep them warm and comfortable
Correct Answer: D Keep them warm and comfortable
Explanation: There are a number of things you can do to help, even without expert training. Be aware of further danger from other traffic and fire; make sure the area is safe. People may be in shock. Don't give them anything to eat or drink. Keep them warm and comfortable and reassure them. Don't move injured people unless there's a risk of further danger.
A Ask who caused the incident
B Give them a drink
C Offer them a cigarette
D Reassure them confidently
Correct Answer: D Reassure them confidently
Explanation: A casualty suffering from shock may have injuries that aren't immediately obvious. Call the emergency services, then stay with the person in shock, offering reassurance until the experts arrive.
Correct Answer: D Warn other traffic
Explanation: The motorcyclist is in an extremely vulnerable position, exposed to further danger from traffic. Approaching vehicles need advance warning in order to slow down and safely take avoiding action or stop. Don't put yourself or anyone else at risk. Use the hazard warning lights on your vehicle to alert other road users to the danger.
A Find their parents and explain what's happening
B Open their airway and begin CPR
C Put them in the recovery position and slap their back
D Talk to them confidently until an ambulance arrives
Correct Answer: B Open their airway and begin CPR
Explanation: If a young child has stopped breathing, first check that their airway is open and then begin CPR. With a young child, you may only need to use one hand and you shouldn't press down as far as you would with an adult. Continue the procedure until the child is breathing again or until a medical professional takes over.
A Open their airway
B Put their arms across their chest
C Roll them onto their side
D Shake them firmly
Correct Answer: A Open their airway
Explanation: It's important to ensure that the airway is open before you start CPR. To open the casualty's airway, place your fingers under their chin and lift it forward.
A Apply lotions to the injury
B Burst any blisters
C Douse the burns with clean, cool water
D Remove anything sticking to the burns
Correct Answer: C Douse the burns with clean, cool water
Explanation: Your priority is to cool the burns with clean, cool water. Its coolness will help take the heat out of the burns and relieve the pain. Keep the wound doused for at least 20 minutes. If blisters appear, don't attempt to burst them, as this could lead to infection.
A Apply firm pressure over the wound
B Dab the wound to stop the bleeding
C Give them a warm drink
D Keep the casualty's legs flat on the ground
Correct Answer: A Apply firm pressure over the wound
Explanation: You should protect yourself from exposure to blood, and then apply firm pressure over the wound to stem the flow of blood. As soon as practical, fasten a pad to the wound with a bandage or length of cloth. Use the cleanest material available.
A When an ambulance is on its way
B When bystanders offer to help you
C When bystanders tell you to move them
D When there's a risk of further danger
Correct Answer: D When there's a risk of further danger
Explanation: Don't move a casualty unless there's further danger; for example, from other traffic or fire. They may have unseen or internal injuries. Moving them unnecessarily could cause further injury. Don't remove a motorcyclist's helmet unless it's essential.
A Ask them how it happened
B Give them something to eat
C Keep them where they are
D Move them away from the vehicles
Correct Answer: C Keep them where they are
Explanation: When the area is safe and there's no danger from other traffic or fire, it's better not to move casualties. Moving them may cause further injury.
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Tankers will display a hazard warning plate on the side and rear of the vehicle. Details of hazard warning symbols are given in The Highway Code. If a tanker is involved in a collision, you may need to report the tanker's hazard labelling to the emergency services.
A Your driving licence
B Your theory test certificate
C Your vehicle registration document
D Your vehicle service record
Correct Answer: A Your driving licence
Explanation: You must stop if you've been involved in a collision that results in injury or damage. The police may ask to see your driving licence and insurance details at the time or later at a police station.
A After checking for broken bones
B After you've woken them up
C As soon as possible
D Only as a last resort
Correct Answer: C As soon as possible
Explanation: It's important to make sure that the emergency services arrive as soon as possible. When a person is unconscious, they could have serious injuries that aren't immediately obvious.
A Make sure the injured person is kept warm
B Place them in the recovery position
C Treat the person for shock
D Warn other traffic
Correct Answer: D Warn other traffic
Explanation: The most immediate danger is further collisions and fire. You could warn other traffic by switching on hazard warning lights, displaying an advance warning triangle or sign (but not on a motorway), or by any other means that doesn't put you or others at risk.
A Follow the DR ABC code
B Keep their head tilted forwards as far as possible
C Raise their legs to help with circulation
D Try to give them something to drink
Correct Answer: A Follow the DR ABC code
Explanation: The DR ABC code has been devised by medical experts to give the best outcome until the emergency services arrive and take care of casualties.
A Give them a warm drink
B Offer them a cigarette
C Offer them some food
D Reassure them confidently
Correct Answer: D Reassure them confidently
Explanation: If someone is suffering from shock, try to keep them warm and as comfortable as you can. Don't give them anything to eat or drink but reassure them confidently and try not to leave them alone.
A Removing it could let them get cold
B Removing it could make any injuries worse
C They might not want you to remove it
D You could scratch the helmet as you remove it
Correct Answer: B Removing it could make any injuries worse
Explanation: When someone is injured, any movement that isn't absolutely necessary should be avoided, since it could make the injuries worse. Unless it's essential to remove a motorcyclist's helmet, it's generally safer to leave it in place.
A When a vehicle is following too closely
B When you slow down quickly because of danger ahead
C When you're being towed by another vehicle
D When you're riding on the hard shoulder
Correct Answer: B When you slow down quickly because of danger ahead
Explanation: Briefly using your hazard warning lights will warn the traffic behind you that there's a hazard ahead. Turn them off again when following drivers have seen and responded to your signal.
A 100 metres (328 feet)
B 25 metres (82 feet)
C 45 metres (147 feet)
D 5 metres (16 feet)
Correct Answer: C 45 metres (147 feet)
Explanation: Advance warning triangles fold flat and don't take up much room. Use one to warn other road users if your vehicle has broken down or if there has been an incident. Place it at least 45 metres (147 feet) behind your vehicle (or the incident), on the same side of the road or verge. Place it further back if the scene is hidden by, for example, a bend, hill or dip in the road. Don't use warning triangles on motorways.
A Leave your vehicle and get everyone clear
B Stay in your car until you're told to move
C Tell drivers behind what's happened
D Walk down the track and signal the next train
Correct Answer: A Leave your vehicle and get everyone clear
Explanation: If your vehicle breaks down on a level crossing, your first priority is to get everyone out of the vehicle and clear of the crossing. Then use the railway telephone, if there is one, to tell the signal operator. If you have time before the train arrives, move the vehicle clear of the crossing, but only do this if the alarm signals aren't activated.
A Brake as quickly as possible
B Continue on at a normal speed
C Pull on the parking brake
D Pull up slowly at the side of the road
Correct Answer: D Pull up slowly at the side of the road
Explanation: A tyre bursting can lead to a loss of control, especially if you're travelling at high speed. Using the correct procedure should help you to stop the vehicle safely.
A Drive slowly to the next service area to get assistance
B Pull up on the hard shoulder or in an emergency refuge area and call for assistance
C Pull up on the hard shoulder or in an emergency refuge area. Change the wheel as quickly as possible
D Switch on your hazard warning lights. Stop in your lane
Correct Answer: B Pull up on the hard shoulder or in an emergency refuge area and call for assistance
Explanation: Pull up on the hard shoulder or in an emergency refuge area and call for assistance. Don't attempt to repair your vehicle while it's on the hard shoulder, because of the risk posed by traffic passing at high speeds.
A Carry on trying to restart the engine
B Get out of the car and clear of the crossing
C Push the vehicle clear of the crossing
D Run down the track to warn the signal operator
Correct Answer: B Get out of the car and clear of the crossing
Explanation: If the warning bells ring, leave the vehicle and get any passengers well clear of the crossing immediately.
A Close your sunroof
B Switch off your radio
C Switch on your windscreen wipers
D Take off your sunglasses
Correct Answer: D Take off your sunglasses
Explanation: If you're wearing sunglasses, you should remove them before driving into a tunnel. If you don't, your vision will be restricted, even in tunnels that appear to be well lit.
A Dipped headlights
B Front spotlights
C Rear fog lights
D Sidelights
Correct Answer: A Dipped headlights
Explanation: Before entering a tunnel, you should switch on your dipped headlights, as this will allow you to see and be seen. In many tunnels, it's a legal requirement. Don't wear sunglasses while you're driving in a tunnel.
A Avoid driving with a full tank of fuel
B Check out any strong smell of fuel
C Keep water levels above maximum
D Use fuel additives
Correct Answer: B Check out any strong smell of fuel
Explanation: The fuel in your vehicle can be a dangerous fire hazard. If you smell fuel, check out where it's coming from. Never
  • use a naked flame near the vehicle if you can smell fuel
  • smoke when refuelling your vehicle.

A Pull up on the hard shoulder and wave traffic down
B Stop at the next emergency telephone and report the incident
C Stop on the motorway and switch on hazard warning lights while you pick it up
D Walk back up the motorway to pick it up
Correct Answer: B Stop at the next emergency telephone and report the incident
Explanation: If any object falls onto the motorway carriageway from your vehicle, pull onto the hard shoulder near an emergency telephone and call for assistance. Don't stop on the carriageway or attempt to retrieve anything.
A Check out the problem quickly and safely
B Continue if the engine sounds all right
C Deal with the problem when there's more time
D Hope that it's just a temporary electrical fault
Correct Answer: A Check out the problem quickly and safely
Explanation: Make sure you know what the different warning lights mean. An illuminated warning light could mean that your car is unsafe to drive. If you aren't sure about the problem, get a qualified mechanic to check it.
A Stand in front of your vehicle to warn oncoming drivers
B Stand in the lane behind your vehicle to warn others
C Stay in your vehicle and wait for the police
D Switch on hazard warning lights, then go and call for help
Correct Answer: D Switch on hazard warning lights, then go and call for help
Explanation: A broken-down vehicle in a tunnel can cause serious congestion and danger to other road users. If your vehicle breaks down, get help without delay. Switch on your hazard warning lights, then go to an emergency telephone to call for help.
A Drive it out of the tunnel if it's safe to do so
B Leave it where it is, with the engine running
C Park it away from the carriageway
D Pull up, then walk to an emergency telephone
Correct Answer: A Drive it out of the tunnel if it's safe to do so
Explanation: If it's possible, and you can do so without causing further danger, it may be safer to drive a vehicle that's on fire out of a tunnel. The greatest danger in a tunnel fire is smoke and suffocation.
A Get everyone out of the vehicle and clear of the crossing
B Telephone your vehicle recovery service to move it
C Try to push the vehicle clear of the crossing as soon as possible
D Walk along the track to give warning to any approaching trains
Correct Answer: A Get everyone out of the vehicle and clear of the crossing
Explanation: First, get yourself and anyone else well away from the crossing. If there's a railway telephone, use that to get instructions from the signal operator. Then, if there's time, move the vehicle clear of the crossing.
A Call the emergency services
B Call your insurance company
C Stop at the scene of the incident
D Stop only if someone waves at you
Correct Answer: C Stop at the scene of the incident
Explanation: If you're in a collision that causes damage or injury to any other person, vehicle, animal or property, by law you must stop. Give your name, the vehicle owner's name and address, and the vehicle's registration number to anyone who has reasonable grounds for requesting them.
A Your internet service provider
B Your name, address and vehicle registration number
C Your national insurance number
D Your occupation and reason for your journey
Correct Answer: B Your name, address and vehicle registration number
Explanation: Try to keep calm and don't rush. Make sure that you've shared all the relevant details with the other driver before you leave the scene. If possible, take pictures and note the positions of all the vehicles involved.
A Find someone in the area to tell them about it immediately
B Go back to tell the house owner the next day
C Report the incident to the police within 24 hours
D Report the incident to your insurance company when you get home
Correct Answer: C Report the incident to the police within 24 hours
Explanation: If the property owner isn't available at the time, you must inform the police about the incident. This should be done as soon as possible, and in any case within 24 hours.