PCV Theory Test 2

You have 115 minutes (1 hour 55 minutes) to answer 100 multiple choice PCV theory test questions. You must score at least 85 out of 100 to pass the test. Answers may be checked after each question or you can wait until the end of the test to view your results. Good luck!

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A Accident blackspot ahead
B Incident ahead
C Low bridge ahead
D Tunnel ahead
Correct Answer: D Tunnel ahead
Explanation: If you're driving a high vehicle, make sure that there's enough headroom available for you to go through the tunnel. There may be additional signs showing height and width restrictions.
Correct Answer: C 60 mph
Explanation: Vehicles towing caravans or trailers on motorways are limited in two ways
  • the maximum speed is 60 mph
  • on motorways with more than two lanes, towing vehicles aren't allowed in the outside lane, unless other lanes are closed.

A The officer
B The vehicle owner
C You, the driver
D Your transport manager
Correct Answer: A The officer
Explanation: When an enforcement officer keeps a record chart, the driver should ask the officer to sign the back of the replacement chart. They'll need to give their name, telephone number and the number of charts they've kept. The replacement chart must be used to continue the journey. You should always carry more blank charts than you think you'll need.
Correct Answer: D 9 hours
Explanation: Under EU rules, you must have a minimum daily rest of 11 consecutive hours. A reduced daily rest period is any period of rest of at least 9 hours, but less than 11 hours.
A Illness
B Other work
C Weekly rest periods
D Who's driving
Correct Answer: B Other work
Explanation: As you change activities during the day, you should change the mode switch on the tachograph to record each activity. Failure to operate the mode switch could get you into trouble with your employer or the authorities.
A Having insufficient breaks from driving
B Making frequent and regular stops
C Taking driving breaks on board the vehicle
D Using vehicles with automatic gearboxes
Correct Answer: A Having insufficient breaks from driving
Explanation: Tiredness will affect your concentration. Don't allow yourself to become tired through not taking proper breaks or rest periods. As a professional driver, you have a responsibility either for goods or for passengers, as well as for overall road safety. Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, so you don't become drowsy between rest periods.
A Check that they're breathing
B Look for any witnesses
C Take the numbers of any vehicles involved
D Try to get them to drink water
Correct Answer: A Check that they're breathing
Explanation: Gently tilt the unconscious person's head to clear their airway. Check for at least 10 seconds that the casualty is breathing by looking for movement in the chest, listening for sounds and feeling for breath on your cheek. Get someone to call the emergency services.
A Clear the road of debris
B Give the rider reassurance
C Move the rider out of the road
D Warn other traffic
Correct Answer: D Warn other traffic
Explanation: At the scene of an incident, the first priority is to prevent any further collisions by warning traffic. You can warn other traffic by switching on hazard warning lights or displaying an advance warning triangle, or by any other appropriate means.
A Leave them where they are
B Offer them a cigarette
C Offer them a drink
D Raise their legs
Correct Answer: A Leave them where they are
Explanation: If you attempt to move a casualty who has a spinal injury, it could cause further damage. Make sure an ambulance has been called for and talk to the casualty to keep them calm.
A Continue slowly to the next service area
B Leave the motorway at the next exit
C Stop immediately in the lane you're in
D Stop on the hard shoulder as soon as possible
Correct Answer: D Stop on the hard shoulder as soon as possible
Explanation: If the air-pressure warning activates, you should have enough air to allow you to stop safely on the hard shoulder. Don't delay stopping, as further loss of air may cause the brakes to lock on. Switch on the hazard warning lights. Use the nearest emergency telephone to call for assistance.
A To remove any oil leaks that collect here
B To remove excess coolant
C To remove moisture drawn in from the atmosphere
D To remove rain water that's seeped into the system
Correct Answer: C To remove moisture drawn in from the atmosphere
Explanation: Moisture in the air condenses as the air pressure increases. This moisture can be transmitted around the braking system and is especially dangerous in cold weather. It can lead to ice forming and blocking the valves and pipes.
A At any time of the day or night
B Between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am
C Between 7.00 am and 11.30 pm
D During daylight hours only
Correct Answer: C Between 7.00 am and 11.30 pm
Explanation: Some vehicles are fitted with an audible warning device that sounds when the vehicle is being reversed. As these devices make a loud noise, they shouldn't be used between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am in a built-up area. Audible warning devices are an effective safety feature, but they don't take away the need to use effective observation around the vehicle before and while reversing.
A It uses diesel fuel
B It uses electricity
C It uses solar power
D It uses unleaded fuel
Correct Answer: B It uses electricity
Explanation: This is the sign for a tram. These vehicles are powered by electricity and reduce the emissions released into the environment. As they can carry many people, they can help to reduce the number of other vehicles on the road.
A Lay-by 30 miles ahead
B Maximum speed 30 mph
C Minimum speed 30 mph
D Service area 30 miles ahead
Correct Answer: C Minimum speed 30 mph
Explanation: This sign is shown where slow-moving vehicles would block the flow of traffic. However, if you need to slow down to avoid an incident, you should do so.
A Give way to buses
B Give way to trams
C Route for buses
D Route for trams
Correct Answer: D Route for trams
Explanation: Take extra care when you're driving on roads where trams operate. Look out for road markings and signs that tell you to expect them. Modern trams are very quiet and you might not hear them approaching.
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Be cautious, especially if there's a bend in the road and you're unable to see well ahead. If you have to pass pedestrians, leave them plenty of room. You might have to use the right-hand side of the road, so look well ahead and in your mirrors before you pull out.
A Loose chippings
B Risk of punctures
C Road flooded
D Uneven surface
Correct Answer: A Loose chippings
Explanation: This is a warning sign to indicate loose chippings ahead. The sign is usually accompanied by an advisory speed limit. Vehicles travelling too fast for the conditions can throw up chippings or stones. Avoid causing damage to paintwork and windscreens by keeping your speed down.
A A concealed level crossing
B A motorway slip road
C A primary road junction
D A roadside rest area
Correct Answer: A A concealed level crossing
Explanation: When you see this sign, reduce your speed. You may well have to stop at the level crossing, or there may already be traffic queuing ahead.
A Facing the oncoming traffic
B In front of the barrier
C Looking towards the grass verge
D With your back to the traffic
Correct Answer: A Facing the oncoming traffic
Explanation: Motorway phones are free and easily located. You should face the oncoming traffic while using them, so that you can see approaching vehicles.
Correct Answer: A 10 hours
Explanation: You're permitted to extend the daily limit of nine hours to 10 hours twice a week. Don't drive for more than the maximum hours allowed, as you risk a heavy fine and may lose your licence.
A Motorways
B One-way streets
C Shopping areas
D Wooded areas
Correct Answer: C Shopping areas
Explanation: In shopping areas, pedestrians frequently want to cross the road. They may be hidden by parked vehicles before stepping out into your path. Keep your speed down and be aware of the risk of pedestrians suddenly walking into the road.
A Dyslexia
B Heart disorders
C Skin problems
D Stomach problems
Correct Answer: B Heart disorders
Explanation: An illness that could affect you while you're driving, such as a heart condition, may make it unsafe for you to drive. You must tell DVLA if you develop any serious illness or disability that's likely to last more than three months and that could affect your driving. Partial blindness and mental disorders can also prevent you from getting a driving licence for large vehicles.
A Dermatitis
B Dyslexia
C Partial blindness
D Stomach upset
Correct Answer: C Partial blindness
Explanation: Any medical condition that could affect your ability to drive a lorry or a bus safely may prevent you from holding a licence. These conditions include serious visual impairment, heart disease and some mental disorders. For more information about medical standards, you should contact the Drivers Medical Branch, DVLA, Swansea.
A Continuous use of the air conditioning
B Continuous use of the air suspension
C Continuous use of the electrical retarder
D Continuous use of the mirrors
Correct Answer: A Continuous use of the air conditioning
Explanation: Use your air conditioning only when it's absolutely necessary. Running it continuously increases overall fuel consumption by up to 15%.
A On a downhill slope
B On a steep gradient
C On flat ground
D On sloping ground
Correct Answer: C On flat ground
Explanation: If you check the engine oil level when your vehicle is standing on a slope, the reading on the dipstick won't be accurate. Park it on flat ground, so the dipstick shows the true level.
A Drive to the nearest fire station
B Empty the air tanks
C Open the engine housing wide
D Shut off the fuel supply
Correct Answer: D Shut off the fuel supply
Explanation: An engine fire is serious. If the fire breaches the fuel lines, it can easily spread to the fuel tank. If that happens, both the vehicle and its cargo will probably be lost. Therefore, your priority is to shut off the fuel supply.
A The buffeting effect
B The tyre noise
C Your engine noise
D Your exhaust smoke
Correct Answer: A The buffeting effect
Explanation: Give them plenty of room. Watch carefully in your nearside mirror, as the high winds and the buffeting effect from your vehicle may blow them off course.
A To avoid puncturing the tyres
B To avoid splashing pedestrians
C To improve their view around the bend
D To reduce the risk of skidding
Correct Answer: D To reduce the risk of skidding
Explanation: Drain covers usually have a metal surface. When wet, these covers are slippery and can cause a motorcycle to skid; be prepared for riders to avoid them.
A Five times the normal distance
B The normal distance
C Three times the normal distance
D Twice the normal distance
Correct Answer: D Twice the normal distance
Explanation: If you're travelling in heavy rain, you should be aware that it could take twice as long for you to stop as it would in dry weather. Increase your distance from the vehicle in front to allow for the longer stopping distance.
A Braking gently and in good time
B Tyres becoming hotter in the bad weather
C Water entering the braking system
D Water reducing the tyres' grip on the road
Correct Answer: D Water reducing the tyres' grip on the road
Explanation: If a build-up of water prevents the tyres from gripping the road, the steering can become unresponsive. If this happens, ease off the accelerator and slow down gradually.
A Apply the brakes more quickly
B Brake much later than normal
C Drive at faster speeds
D Stop safely in an emergency
Correct Answer: D Stop safely in an emergency
Explanation: Anti-lock braking systems sense when the wheels are about to lock. The sensor control releases the brakes and immediately applies them again. It will do this many times per second. This both prevents skidding and enables the driver to steer - something that's impossible when the steering wheels are skidding.
A Increased brake wear
B Increased effectiveness
C Reduced brake wear
D Reduced effectiveness
Correct Answer: D Reduced effectiveness
Explanation: Before driving a vehicle fitted with anti-lock brakes, refer to the handbook. This will give you details of the manufacturer's recommended method of use. Remember, anti-lock brakes will enhance your skills, but they can't replace them.
A Drive more slowly
B Show a left-turn signal
C Stop in a safe place
D Wave them past
Correct Answer: C Stop in a safe place
Explanation: Don't frustrate other road users by driving for long distances with a queue of traffic behind you. This could cause them to lose concentration and overtake in an unsafe way. Stop where it's safe and let them pass.
A Be patient and stay well behind
B Drive along the centre line of the road
C Flash your lights so the driver sees you
D Switch your hazard lights on
Correct Answer: A Be patient and stay well behind
Explanation: Learner drivers are often nervous. If you stay well back, this will reduce the risk of incidents occurring if they make a mistake, and you won't intimidate them. Remember, you were once in that situation yourself.
A Be patient and wait
B Drive on
C Sound your horn
D Wave them to cross
Correct Answer: A Be patient and wait
Explanation: If you stop for pedestrians and they don't start to cross, be patient. Don't wave them across or sound your horn. This could be dangerous if the driver of an approaching vehicle isn't aware of them. The driver may not have seen or heard your signal, making it very dangerous for the pedestrians to start to cross.
A There may be another vehicle coming
B They may be distracted
C They may not be ready to cross
D They may not see your signal
Correct Answer: A There may be another vehicle coming
Explanation: You should always try to stop, if it's safe, for people waiting at pedestrian crossings. However, avoid waving them to cross. Another driver may not have seen them, may not have seen your signal or may not be able to stop safely.
A Check your nearside mirror
B Check your offside mirror
C Switch on your hazard warning lights
D Switch on your headlights
Correct Answer: A Check your nearside mirror
Explanation: As you approach the children, consider whether you need to sound the horn as a warning. Always check your nearside mirror as you pass any hazards on the left, so that you know when your vehicle is clear of the hazard.
A Accelerate past it immediately
B Flash your headlights and drive up close behind
C Slow down and be ready to stop
D Swerve past it and sound your horn
Correct Answer: C Slow down and be ready to stop
Explanation: Plan ahead and learn to anticipate hazards. Give yourself more time to react to any problems that might occur - such as a vehicle pulling out unexpectedly. Be tolerant of other road users who don't behave correctly. Don't react by flashing your lights, sounding your horn or making gestures, as any show of aggression on the road can quickly lead to a serious incident.
A You'll be able to concentrate better
B You'll become colour-blind
C You'll feel more confident
D You'll have faster reactions
Correct Answer: C You'll feel more confident
Explanation: Alcohol can increase confidence to a point where a driver's behaviour might become 'out of character': someone who normally behaves sensibly suddenly takes risks and enjoys it. Never let yourself or your friends get into this situation.
A Contact lenses
B Fresh air
C Tinted windows
D Tiredness
Correct Answer: D Tiredness
Explanation: Tiredness can seriously affect your concentration - even to the point of falling asleep. You always need to be alert so that you can safely deal with the constantly changing environment around your vehicle.
A Ask a friend for advice
B Ask your doctor for advice
C Drive a little more slowly
D Drive if you feel all right
Correct Answer: B Ask your doctor for advice
Explanation: If you're taking medicine or drugs prescribed by your doctor, check that they won't affect your driving. If you forget to ask when you visit the surgery, check with your pharmacist.
A Ask your friend whether taking the medicine affected their driving
B Check the label to see whether the medicine will affect your driving
C Drink some strong coffee
D Make a short journey to see whether the medicine is affecting your driving
Correct Answer: B Check the label to see whether the medicine will affect your driving
Explanation: Never drive after taking drugs you don't know about. They might affect your judgement and perception - and, therefore, endanger lives.
A You're likely to be distracted
B Your engine will overheat
C Your view ahead is reduced
D Your view to the rear is reduced
Correct Answer: C Your view ahead is reduced
Explanation: Tailgating is very dangerous because there isn't enough room to stop if an emergency arises. It's also intimidating for the driver that you're following.
A Give a right signal after entering the roundabout
B Give no signal on approach
C Signal left on approach
D Signal right on approach
Correct Answer: D Signal right on approach
Explanation: There are times when, due to the size of your vehicle, you'll have to take up part of another lane. If you need to do this, make sure that you use effective observation all around. Be aware that other road users might not understand the reasons for your position on the road. You should signal your intentions and take up your position in good time.
Correct Answer: A Go in any direction
Explanation: When following cyclists onto a roundabout, be aware that they might not take the exit you expect them to. Cyclists approaching in the left-hand lane may be turning right. They may not have been able to get into the correct lane due to heavy traffic, so give them room.
A It's a quicker route
B The Highway Code doesn't apply to cyclists
C They may use the left-hand lane to turn right
D They're going to turn left instead
Correct Answer: C They may use the left-hand lane to turn right
Explanation: Cycling in today's heavy traffic can be hazardous. Some cyclists might not feel happy about crossing the path of traffic to take up a position in an outside lane. Be aware of this and understand that, although they're in the left-hand lane, the cyclist might be turning right.
A Motorcycles are small and hard to see
B Motorcycles are usually faster than cars
C Motorcycles have right of way
D Police patrols often use motorcycles
Correct Answer: A Motorcycles are small and hard to see
Explanation: If you're waiting to emerge from a side road, remember to look for motorcycles. Their small size makes them easy to overlook. Be especially careful if parked vehicles are restricting your view. If you can't see, don't go.
A It helps to keep them cool in summer
B The colours are popular
C They must do so by law
D To help other road users to see them
Correct Answer: D To help other road users to see them
Explanation: Although they're advised to wear clothing that's bright or reflective, motorcyclists often wear clothing that's mainly black. This can make them difficult to see, so you must look carefully for them.
A Go around the cyclist on the junction
B Hold back until the cyclist has passed the junction
C Overtake the cyclist before the junction
D Pull alongside the cyclist and stay level until after the junction
Correct Answer: B Hold back until the cyclist has passed the junction
Explanation: Make allowances for cyclists. Allow them plenty of room, and be aware that they also have to deal with hazards. They might swerve or change direction suddenly to avoid uneven road surfaces.
A Drive slowly and leave plenty of room
B Drive up close and overtake as soon as possible
C Speed isn't important but allow plenty of room
D Use your horn just once to warn them
Correct Answer: A Drive slowly and leave plenty of room
Explanation: Horses are easily frightened, so pass them slowly and carefully, giving them as much room as possible. On country roads, expect farm animals, horses, pedestrians and farm vehicles. Always be prepared to slow down or stop.
A At a filling station
B At a road junction
C Near a service area
D When entering a car park
Correct Answer: B At a road junction
Explanation: Motorcyclists and cyclists are smaller and usually more difficult to see than other vehicles. Look out for them at junctions; failing to see them can lead to a collision.
A Closely follow the tail lights of other vehicles
B Follow the instructions given by variable message signs
C Stay close to the vehicle in front to reduce congestion
D Switch off your dipped headlights to reduce dazzle
Correct Answer: B Follow the instructions given by variable message signs
Explanation: In congested tunnels, you should always obey the instructions given by variable message signs and tunnel officials. Listen out for radio announcements and observe the road signs and signals. Keep your distance from the vehicle in front.
A When visibility is more than 10 metres (32 feet)
B When visibility is more than 100 metres (328 feet)
C When visibility is more than 50 metres (164 feet)
D When visibility is more than 75 metres (246 feet)
Correct Answer: B When visibility is more than 100 metres (328 feet)
Explanation: Switch off your fog lights when fog starts to clear and visibility improves to more than 100 metres (328 feet). Don't leave your fog lights on when the fog has cleared, because they can cause unnecessary glare or distraction for other drivers.
A When it's raining and the roads are wet
B When the roads are dry
C When the roads are icy
D When you're driving in fog
Correct Answer: B When the roads are dry
Explanation: In good dry conditions, you should leave a two-second gap between your vehicle and the one ahead. When the weather is bad, you'll have to keep a greater distance, because it will take you longer to stop. In wet weather it will take up to twice the distance; in icy weather this could increase to ten times as far.
A The traffic may be in single file
B There may be a reduced speed limit
C There may be temporary traffic lights
D They may swerve to avoid potholes
Correct Answer: D They may swerve to avoid potholes
Explanation: Motorcyclists can ride through narrow gaps in traffic and generally don't take up as much room as a car. However, other factors, including the road surface, can affect their stability. Give them an extra safety margin whenever possible.
A Accelerate quickly
B Drive past slowly
C Expect the driver will be looking after the children
D Wait until it moves off
Correct Answer: B Drive past slowly
Explanation: Children getting off the bus will be hidden from your view, and they may not be able to see you. Even if they can see you, they may have poor judgement of danger. You should drive slowly as you pass the bus and be ready to stop.
A Always use the retarder
B Brake gently and in good time
C Change down through the gears
D Use the parking brake in a rapid on-and-off movement
Correct Answer: B Brake gently and in good time
Explanation: When you have to slow down or stop, you should always avoid harsh, late braking. This is particularly important on icy or slippery roads, where you need to brake gently and in good time to make sure you keep control of your vehicle.
A The weight of the load will help you go faster
B You'll be able to get past more quickly
C You'll need to use a high gear
D You'll take longer to get past
Correct Answer: D You'll take longer to get past
Explanation: Always plan well ahead before overtaking. Take into consideration the size of your vehicle and whether there's a gradient ahead. The load on your vehicle will slow you down on an uphill gradient. It may be better to wait until you're on the level before trying to overtake.
A Drive slowly until you're clear of the area
B Move to the other side of the road
C Stop for a moment to see what they do
D Wave at them to move back from the kerb
Correct Answer: A Drive slowly until you're clear of the area
Explanation: Children can be unpredictable, and when they're in groups they may fool around and push each other into the road. You should drive with extreme caution when you're near them. You need to be ready to stop suddenly.
A Allow extra room in case the rider swerves to avoid potholes
B Drive close behind and get ready to overtake
C Drive closely to shield the rider
D Leave less room so the rider can see you in their mirrors
Correct Answer: A Allow extra room in case the rider swerves to avoid potholes
Explanation: Never follow any road user too closely. This is particularly important when you're following scooter or motorcycle riders, or cyclists. They might brake or swerve suddenly; for example, to avoid a pothole on a road with a poor surface.
A Fully tighten each nut before moving to the next
B Tighten the nuts evenly with a torque wrench
C Tighten the nuts in a clockwise direction
D Tighten the nuts with an air-operated power tool
Correct Answer: B Tighten the nuts evenly with a torque wrench
Explanation: When a wheel is refitted, the wheel nuts/studs should be tightened gradually and diagonally across the wheel. You should tighten the nuts to the specified torque setting, using a calibrated torque wrench.
A Icy roads
B Other drivers
C Other motorcyclists
D Wet roads
Correct Answer: B Other drivers
Explanation: The main reason why there are so many collisions at junctions is that drivers fail to see motorcyclists. A bright jacket or single headlight may help you identify an approaching motorcyclist, but you should be aware that not all motorcyclists wear bright clothing or use their headlights during the day.
A At traffic lights
B In gusting winds
C Near zebra crossings
D When leaving motorways
Correct Answer: B In gusting winds
Explanation: Always be concerned for the safety of other road users. Be aware of the various factors and situations where you may have to take action to keep more vulnerable road users safe.
A Car drivers
B Horse riders
C Lorry drivers
D Motorcyclists
Correct Answer: D Motorcyclists
Explanation: Spilt diesel creates a serious risk to other road users, especially motorcyclists. Take care when refuelling and make sure that all filler caps and tank hatches are properly closed and secure.
A Be cautious and keep looking all around
B Concentrate solely on your blind areas
C Expect others to be aware of your course
D Rely on a clear path behind
Correct Answer: A Be cautious and keep looking all around
Explanation: Don't rely on an audible warning device to claim right of way. It's your responsibility to be cautious and take all-round observation while you're reversing.
A Carry out enforcement duties
B Issue fixed penalty notices
C Stop and direct anyone on a motorway
D Test drivers suspected of drink-driving
Correct Answer: C Stop and direct anyone on a motorway
Explanation: Traffic officers don't have enforcement powers, but they're able to stop and direct people on motorways and some 'A' class roads. They only operate in England and work in partnership with the police at incidents. Traffic officers can be recognised by their orange-and-yellow jackets and their vehicles, which have yellow-and-black markings.
A All lanes, including the hard shoulder
B Any lane except the hard shoulder
C The hard shoulder only
D The three right-hand lanes only
Correct Answer: A All lanes, including the hard shoulder
Explanation: Mandatory speed-limit signs above the hard shoulder and all other lanes show that you're on a smart motorway. In this case, you can use the hard shoulder as a running lane. You must stay within the speed limit shown. Look well ahead for any vehicles that have broken down and are blocking the hard shoulder.
A A motorcycle
B A road tanker
C A sports car
D A taxi
Correct Answer: A A motorcycle
Explanation: Motorcycles can be very vulnerable to strong side wind. Allow extra room when overtaking them in windy weather. Check your nearside mirror while alongside and before moving back to the left.
A Avoid meals containing bread
B Don't eat at all when on duty
C Eat sugary snacks when on duty
D Have regular meals and rest breaks
Correct Answer: D Have regular meals and rest breaks
Explanation: Being as healthy and alert as possible will make you safer on the road. Take regular meal and rest breaks, and keep to foods that contain complex carbohydrates, such as bread and vegetables. These release energy slowly and will keep you satisfied for longer than foods with a high sugar content.
A Lean sideways and lift
B Lift and twist together
C Look ahead when the load is secure
D Look down all the time
Correct Answer: C Look ahead when the load is secure
Explanation: Once you have a secure hold on the object, keep your head up and bend your knees.
A Drive out of the tunnel
B Stop and leave the vehicle immediately
C Stop and put out the fire
D Stop at the side of the tunnel
Correct Answer: A Drive out of the tunnel
Explanation: If your vehicle catches fire in a tunnel, you should first try to drive it out - but only if you can do so safely.
A Exhaust emissions
B Illegal immigrants
C Licence entitlement
D Tachograph changes
Correct Answer: A Exhaust emissions
Explanation: Local-authority environmental health departments check vehicles' exhaust emissions. They have the power to prosecute the driver and the operator, as do enforcement bodies such as DVSA.
A Air suspension
B Cruise control
C Diff-lock
D Re-grooved tyres
Correct Answer: B Cruise control
Explanation: Using cruise control can help save fuel. The sensitive electronics make continuous micro-adjustments that improve efficiency. It should only be used when you can see well ahead in good road conditions. Be prepared to switch it off immediately if the traffic situation changes.
A Compressed air could escape
B The drive wheels could lock
C Your brakes could overheat
D Your speed could increase
Correct Answer: B The drive wheels could lock
Explanation: Select an appropriate gear in good time and, if your vehicle has a dashboard-mounted lever, apply the endurance brake (retarder) in stages. Braking too much, too soon may result in locking your drive wheels.
A Anti-skid road surfaces
B Brake-pad wear
C The drive wheels locking
D The front wheels spinning
Correct Answer: C The drive wheels locking
Explanation: The endurance brake (retarder) usually operates by applying resistance, via the transmission, to the vehicle's driven wheels. If the road is slippery, the tyres may lose grip and the wheels will lock.
A Every five years
B Every six years
C Every two years
D Every year
Correct Answer: C Every two years
Explanation: An analogue tachograph must be checked every two years and recalibrated and sealed every six years. This must be done at an approved calibration centre. Digital tachographs, unlike analogue ones, must be recalibrated every two years.
Correct Answer: B 60 mph
Explanation: Don't be tempted to drive on the limiter when using dual carriageway roads. The speed limit for passenger-carrying vehicles is 60 mph. Be considerate to faster-moving traffic by not using the middle or outside lanes unnecessarily.
A Ask to see a warrant card
B Comply with the request
C Invite the official aboard
D Refuse to leave the vehicle
Correct Answer: A Ask to see a warrant card
Explanation: If you're asked to leave your vehicle by an official who isn't in uniform, ask to see their warrant card. The official is likely to be an enforcement or police officer, but don't presume this.
A Check that the gear lever is in first
B Check that the gear lever is in reverse
C Check that the parking brake is applied
D Check that the tachograph chart is removed
Correct Answer: C Check that the parking brake is applied
Explanation: Make sure that your vehicle is safe whenever you leave it unattended. Always stop the engine and apply the parking brake.
A Plan ahead and take early action on all stops
B Pump the brakes when approaching a bus stop
C Use only the gears to slow down
D Use the parking brake just before stopping
Correct Answer: A Plan ahead and take early action on all stops
Explanation: Your first duty is to your paying customers, who want to reach their destination comfortably and safely. Harsh braking can cause your passengers to be thrown forward on the bus, so avoid this by looking and planning well ahead. Give yourself plenty of time to react to traffic situations.
A The location of the air vents
B The location of the bus station
C The location of the first-aid equipment
D The location of the security cameras
Correct Answer: C The location of the first-aid equipment
Explanation: It's essential to know the location of first-aid equipment, the fuel cut-off device and the fire extinguisher on every bus that you drive. Take time to familiarise yourself with their location whenever you drive a different vehicle. When you take your PCV test, you'll be asked questions on safety.
A Get all the passengers off the bus
B Make sure passengers have their belongings
C Move all the passengers to the lower deck
D Open all the windows on the upper deck
Correct Answer: A Get all the passengers off the bus
Explanation: Fire can spread extremely quickly. Your priority is the safety of your passengers: you must get them off the bus straight away. If at all possible, disconnect electrical lines and cut off the fuel supply. Fire can destroy a vehicle very quickly.
A Continue your journey using arm signals
B Get it repaired before continuing
C Get it repaired on your return to the depot
D Get your passengers to their destination and then repair it
Correct Answer: B Get it repaired before continuing
Explanation: All lights must be in working order, even in daylight. A faulty right rear indicator could cause a serious incident if another motorist attempts to overtake as you change lanes or turn right.
A Bus lane
B Bus stop
C Buses only
D No buses
Correct Answer: D No buses
Explanation: No buses with more than eight passenger seats are permitted past this sign. Exceptions apply for scheduled services, school and works buses.
A In hot weather, the bridges might be closed to heavy traffic
B Rain can make crossing bridges very difficult for buses and coaches
C Some roads may be closed to certain vehicles in high winds
D You won't be able to climb the bridges if it's frosty
Correct Answer: C Some roads may be closed to certain vehicles in high winds
Explanation: Some exposed places are frequently subject to high winds. These include high-level bridges and roads, viaducts and some motorways. Check the weather forecast and plan an alternative route. Remember, you're responsible for your passengers' safety. Don't ignore warnings of severe winds.
A When children are boarding the bus
B When parked to take a rest period
C When slowing down to approach a bus stop
D When slowing down to find a parking space
Correct Answer: A When children are boarding the bus
Explanation: Buses carrying schoolchildren must display a distinctive yellow reflective sign on the front and rear, unless they're running a scheduled service for the general public. Buses displaying the sign are permitted to use hazard warning lights when they've stopped for schoolchildren to get on or off.
Correct Answer: B 15
Explanation: You should also make allowances for any luggage your passengers may bring on board. An average of two cases per passenger on a 50-seat coach will add about 1.5 tonnes to the overall weight of your bus or coach.
A In the driver's cab
B On the driver's side at the front of the vehicle
C On the nearside of the vehicle
D On the rear of the vehicle
Correct Answer: A In the driver's cab
Explanation: If a speed limiter is fitted to a vehicle, there must be a notice showing the speed at which it's set, clearly displayed in the driver's cab.
A Dense spray
B Heavy rain
C Strong wind
D Thick fog
Correct Answer: C Strong wind
Explanation: If you're driving a double-deck bus, you'll feel the effect of the wind more than you would on a single-deck vehicle. This is because the vehicle's height increases the surface area that can be affected by the wind.
A On all bends and corners
B On the approach to all roundabouts
C Only when joining a bus lane
D To avoid mounting the kerb
Correct Answer: D To avoid mounting the kerb
Explanation: There may be times when you have to take up part of another lane in order to make a turn or manoeuvre. Use your mirrors and check for other traffic that might try to move into the gap you've left to make your turn. Signal and take up your position in good time.
A Ensure your fuel tank is above a quarter full
B Finish issuing tickets to passengers
C Make sure all passengers have a seat
D Take off your sunglasses
Correct Answer: B Finish issuing tickets to passengers
Explanation: On regular services, traffic congestion can soon put you behind schedule. Nevertheless, you have a responsibility to your passengers at all times not to take shortcuts or jeopardise their safety; for example, by driving off while you're still issuing tickets.
A The emergency-exit location
B The location of all bus stops
C The route timetable
D Your employee number
Correct Answer: A The emergency-exit location
Explanation: Make sure that your vehicle displays all the information required by law (the 'legal lettering'): the seating/standing capacity and the locations of the emergency exit, fuel cut-off switch and electrical isolator.
A The fuel consumption will be reduced
B The tyres will give better grip
C The tyres will wear more quickly
D You'll have improved acceleration
Correct Answer: C The tyres will wear more quickly
Explanation: Your tyres must be in good condition and properly inflated to the manufacturer's recommended pressure. Research has shown that the tyres most likely to fail are those that have been over-inflated.
A Apply the parking brake
B Change the destination board
C Check the air-pressure gauges read full
D Put the hazard warning lights on
Correct Answer: A Apply the parking brake
Explanation: Don't park where you'll cause obstruction or inconvenience to other road users. It's an offence to leave your bus with the engine running and/or without applying the parking brake.
A No-one under 18 years old may use the stairs
B Passengers using the stairs could fall if the bus brakes or swerves
C The upper deck is only to be used when the lower deck is full
D Tickets for the upper deck are more expensive
Correct Answer: B Passengers using the stairs could fall if the bus brakes or swerves
Explanation: You must always be aware of anyone using the stairs. Be particularly careful to avoid any sudden movement, such as when braking or cornering, as this could cause passengers to stumble.
A Carry on to the next bus stop
B Check for traffic on the left
C Check for traffic on the right
D Try to get the bus stop cleared
Correct Answer: B Check for traffic on the left
Explanation: Make sure that you allow your passengers to get on or off the vehicle safely. If you're unable to stop close to the kerb, don't open the doors until you're sure it's safe. You must take care of your passengers at all times.
A When most passengers want the lights off
B When the passengers want to sleep
C When there are no passengers
D When there are no standing passengers
Correct Answer: C When there are no passengers
Explanation: Whenever passengers are on board, the interior lighting must be left on. It may be turned off when the bus is empty.
A The low-fuel warning light is working
B The position of the emergency fuel cut-off switch
C Your filler caps are securely closed
D Your tank is full to the top
Correct Answer: C Your filler caps are securely closed
Explanation: It's a legal requirement that you check all filler caps are properly closed and secure after refuelling your vehicle.
Correct Answer: A D
Explanation: An articulated bus, commonly known as a 'bendy bus', isn't considered to be a bus towing a trailer. Therefore, it can be driven on a category D licence.
A When the designated space is occupied
B When traffic behind you will be held up
C When you're running behind schedule
D When you're shortly due to take a break
Correct Answer: A When the designated space is occupied
Explanation: It's illegal for bus and coach operators to discriminate against people with disabilities. You must always make reasonable adjustments to the way that any service is provided. This means that you must allow wheelchair users access to the designated space - unless it's already been taken by another wheelchair user.