PCV Theory Test 5

You have 115 minutes (1 hour 55 minutes) to answer 100 multiple choice PCV theory test questions. You must score at least 85 out of 100 to pass the test. Answers may be checked after each question or you can wait until the end of the test to view your results. Good luck!

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A 4.5 metres [15 feet]
B 4.7 metres [15 feet 6 inches]
C 4.8 metres [16 feet]
D 5.0 metres [16 feet 6 inches]
Correct Answer: D 5.0 metres [16 feet 6 inches]
Explanation: If a height isn't shown on the bridge, the headroom [in the UK] will be at least 5 metres [16 feet 6 inches].
A Its ground clearance
B Its length
C Its roof height
D Its weight
Correct Answer: B Its length
Explanation: If your vehicle is too long to fit into a passing place, you may need to wait opposite one. This will allow a following or approaching driver to pass. When you use this type of road, you need to plan and look well ahead to avoid meeting another road user at an inappropriate place.
A Drive on for help
B Drive to the nearest police station
C Inform the police within seven days
D Stop at the scene
Correct Answer: D Stop at the scene
Explanation: If your vehicle is involved in a traffic incident, you must stop. Follow the guidance set out in The Highway Code if there's injury or damage to any other person, vehicle or property.
A It's carrying a first-aid kit
B It's carrying dangerous goods
C It's carrying medical supplies
D It's unladen
Correct Answer: B It's carrying dangerous goods
Explanation: Vehicles that carry dangerous goods have badges displayed on the side and rear. The badges are orange and show the type of material that's being carried. Make a note of this and report it to the emergency services when you contact them.
A Carry on until an ambulance arrives
B Give up if you think they're dead
C Keep trying for up to four minutes
D Keep trying for up to two minutes
Correct Answer: A Carry on until an ambulance arrives
Explanation: If you're trying to resuscitate someone, it's important that you don't give up on them. Make sure that someone has called the emergency services and continue trying to resuscitate the casualty until medical help arrives.
A Apply pressure over the wound and keep the arm down
B Apply pressure over the wound and raise the arm
C Dab the wound
D Get them a drink
Correct Answer: B Apply pressure over the wound and raise the arm
Explanation: If possible, lay the casualty down. Raising the arm above the level of the heart will reduce the flow of blood. Check that the limb isn't broken and that there's nothing in the wound before applying pressure over it.
A Because an ambulance is on the way
B Because bystanders advise you to
C Because there's further danger
D Because they look uncomfortable
Correct Answer: C Because there's further danger
Explanation: Moving a casualty could cause further injury, so it's important that this is only done if there's danger to them where they are.
8. What would be illegal? Mark one answer
A Using a tyre with a recut tread
B Using a tyre with a tread depth of 1.3 mm
C Using a tyre with exposed ply or cord
D Using different makes of tyre on the same axle
Correct Answer: C Using a tyre with exposed ply or cord
Explanation: You should check your tyres as part of your routine check of the vehicle. A damaged tyre - such as one with exposed ply - can have a major effect on your vehicle's handling and will make it a danger to you and other road users.
A Cover the air tanks with a blanket
B Drain the tanks daily
C Pump the brakes
D Use the brakes frequently
Correct Answer: B Drain the tanks daily
Explanation: In very cold weather, moisture in the storage tanks can freeze. Ice can form in the pipes and this will result in loss of pressure, which could cause brake failure. Make sure that you drain the tanks daily as part of a routine. Most modern vehicles are fitted with automatic bleed valves. Check that they're working properly and that air-drying systems are effective.
A A fault with the power-assisted steering
B A faulty parking brake
C A loss of air-brake pressure
D An uneven road surface
Correct Answer: A A fault with the power-assisted steering
Explanation: If the steering becomes heavy, the power-assisted steering may have failed. It's also possible that your vehicle has a puncture or the load might have shifted. You should stop safely, investigate the cause and call for help if necessary.
A Contraflow bus and cycle lane
B No buses or cycles
C Priority to buses or cycles
D With-flow bus and cycle lane
Correct Answer: D With-flow bus and cycle lane
Explanation: Some lanes are set aside for certain types of vehicle. Signs and road markings show the authorised vehicles in words or pictures. There's usually also a sign showing the times that the lane is in operation. Some lanes might only be in operation for a short time. Check the sign and only use the lane if you're allowed to do so.
A Someone may be overtaking you
B There may be pedestrians stepping off the kerb
C You need to check your position
D Your rear view to the left is blocked
Correct Answer: A Someone may be overtaking you
Explanation: Driving a large vehicle will sometimes require you to position your vehicle well to the left before making a tight right turn. Inexperienced drivers or riders may not realise your intentions and may try to overtake you. Make sure you signal in good time and make a final mirror check before committing yourself to the turn.
A Avoid route-planning because of the time it takes
B Drive at a faster speed through hazardous areas
C Keep to maximum speeds for shorter journeys
D Plan routes to avoid busy times and congestion
Correct Answer: D Plan routes to avoid busy times and congestion
Explanation: If you plan your journey to avoid busy times, you can avoid congestion. That way, your overall journey time may be reduced, so cutting costs and making you a more efficient driver.
A That the filler cap is properly closed and secure
B That the filler cap is vented correctly by keeping it loose
C That the tank is completely full up to the filler neck
D That the tank is nearly full and the filler cap is slightly loose
Correct Answer: A That the filler cap is properly closed and secure
Explanation: Leaving the filler cap off, or not properly securing it, could result in a spillage of diesel onto the road. Because diesel is slippery, this would be a major hazard, so make sure to correctly secure the filler cap after use.
A End of clearway
B End of cycle route
C End of restricted parking area
D End of restricted speed area
Correct Answer: C End of restricted parking area
Explanation: Even though there are no restrictions, make sure that you park where you won't cause an obstruction or endanger other road users.
A Bus lane
B Minimum speed
C One-way street
D Road narrows
Correct Answer: D Road narrows
Explanation: A triangular sign is a warning sign. Knowing this, you can prepare for the hazard ahead.
A Danger ahead
B Service area ahead
C Slippery road ahead
D Tyres liable to puncture ahead
Correct Answer: A Danger ahead
Explanation: A sign showing an exclamation mark (!) tells you that there may be danger ahead. Be ready to slow down for whatever that may be.
A Vehicles with a mixture of re-cut and new tyres
B Vehicles with a mixture of tyre makes
C Vehicles with faulty spray-suppression equipment
D Vehicles with faulty suspension
Correct Answer: D Vehicles with faulty suspension
Explanation: Suspension faults may result in road damage. Road-friendly suspension reduces the impact on the environment, the road surface and under-road services.
A All traffic must leave at the next exit
B Large vehicles must go straight ahead
C The distance to the next exit
D Traffic is joining from the left
Correct Answer: C The distance to the next exit
Explanation: This sign gives you advance warning of a junction where the permanent sign is obscured by roadworks.
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Some signs can look similar to others but each one has a different meaning. For example, this one looks a little like the sign for a hump bridge. Learn the meaning of every sign to prepare yourself for how to react to them.
A Carbon dioxide (black)
B Dry powder (blue)
C Foam (cream)
D Water (red)
Correct Answer: D Water (red)
Explanation: It's very important to know the correct fire extinguisher to use. They'll carry a coloured label or badge telling you their contents. Make sure you learn which extinguisher is which, as using the wrong one could be dangerous and may spread the fire further. For example, you should never use a water extinguisher on burning oil.
A The air pressure will increase
B The brake pedal will become stiff
C The brakes will be less effective
D The brakes will work better
Correct Answer: C The brakes will be less effective
Explanation: Whenever you brake, the brakes convert the moving energy of your vehicle into heat. Continuous use of the brakes, particularly from high speed or on long steep descents, can cause the shoes and drums to overheat. This will make them less effective and, in some cases, they may not work at all.
A The effect of strong side wind
B The overhanging bridge cables
C The swaying of the bridge
D The width of the lanes
Correct Answer: A The effect of strong side wind
Explanation: On exposed bridges, the wind can be particularly strong. If the bridge has two lanes, one may be closed in windy conditions to act as a buffer lane. In severe conditions, these bridges are often closed to high-sided vehicles, caravans and motorcycles.
A Check a map as you keep moving with the traffic
B Drive on until you find a safe place to stop
C Shout to other drivers to ask them the way
D Stop at traffic lights and ask pedestrians
Correct Answer: B Drive on until you find a safe place to stop
Explanation: Driving in heavy traffic needs 100% concentration. If you become lost, find a safe place to stop before checking a map or asking for directions. Don't risk losing concentration by glancing at a map while driving, even if you're in traffic that keeps stopping.
A They'll be more likely to overheat and disintegrate
B They'll become very slippery
C They'll have lower rolling resistance
D They'll need less air pressure
Correct Answer: A They'll be more likely to overheat and disintegrate
Explanation: Driving at higher speeds and for longer periods, such as on motorways, can cause your tyres to overheat and disintegrate. You should make a point of checking them when you stop for a break.
A 4.0 metres [13 feet]
B 4.1 metres [13 feet 4 inches]
C 5.0 metres [16 feet 6 inches]
D 5.5 metres [18 feet]
Correct Answer: C 5.0 metres [16 feet 6 inches]
Explanation: Every year, there are hundreds of incidents in the UK where vehicles hit railway or motorway bridges. Most involve buses, coaches and lorries. Make sure your route doesn't take you under a bridge that's too low for your vehicle. If you hit a bridge, you'll be putting yourself and any passengers at risk, and you could cause a major disruption to road and rail transport.
A Be prepared to stop in good time
B Sound the horn and flash headlights
C Stop before the zigzag lines
D Wave pedestrians across the road
Correct Answer: A Be prepared to stop in good time
Explanation: Always keep your speed down as you approach a zebra crossing. This will allow you to stop safely if necessary. Look well ahead for anyone about to reach the crossing or waiting to cross.
A Maximum load
B Minimum temperature
C Running pressure
D Tread pattern
Correct Answer: A Maximum load
Explanation: Tyres have codes shown on the wall of the tyre. These refer to the maximum load and speed capability of the tyre.
A Its alarm may be activated
B Sunlight reflecting off the car windscreen
C The driver's door may suddenly open
D The narrow pavement on the right
Correct Answer: C The driver's door may suddenly open
Explanation: You don't know what the driver of this car will do. Be prepared for any hazard. The driver may not have seen you. Planning ahead will allow you to be in the correct gear and at the correct speed to cope if this hazard develops.
A Dismantle the wheel and tyre
B Get someone to check the other tyres
C Leave the parking brake off
D Use wheel chocks if available
Correct Answer: D Use wheel chocks if available
Explanation: Always make sure your vehicle is secure and level before a wheel is changed. Apply the parking brake and use chocks if they're available. When the replacement wheel is fitted, all wheel nuts/studs should be retightened to the correct torque. On a motorway, never attempt to change a wheel yourself. Use the emergency telephones to call for assistance.
A At the next service interval
B Shortly afterwards
C When they're cold
D When they're hot
Correct Answer: B Shortly afterwards
Explanation: When refitting a wheel, the nuts should be tightened to the correct torque. They should be rechecked after about 30 minutes if the vehicle hasn't moved, or after 40 to 80 km (25 to 50 miles) of driving.
A Exhaust emissions could be reduced
B Some gaskets might be damaged
C The handling may improve
D You could wait longer before the next service
Correct Answer: B Some gaskets might be damaged
Explanation: If you overfill the engine with oil, you could cause the engine to build up too much pressure when it's running. This could cause damage to oil seals and gaskets.
A Estate cars
B Flat-bed lorries
C Motorcycles
D Tractors
Correct Answer: C Motorcycles
Explanation: You should be aware that motorcyclists are likely to be affected by side wind and can be blown into your path. Adjust your speed so that you can stop or take avoiding action safely if necessary.
A Being able to reach your sat-nav
B The tension in the seat belt
C The wear on the seat fabric
D Your distance from the controls
Correct Answer: D Your distance from the controls
Explanation: Being seated properly is very important when driving long distances. A poor driving position can quickly cause fatigue. You should make sure that you can reach all the controls comfortably.
A Drive in your vehicle's lowest gear
B Drive slowly, in a higher gear than normal
C Keep the engine revs high and slip the clutch
D Keep the engine revs high and spin the wheels
Correct Answer: B Drive slowly, in a higher gear than normal
Explanation: Driving slowly will give you better control of your vehicle. By using a high gear, you reduce the chance of your wheels spinning and skidding on the snow.
A Curtain-sided vehicles
B Front-wheel-drive vehicles
C Slow-moving vehicles
D Track-laying vehicles
Correct Answer: A Curtain-sided vehicles
Explanation: In very windy conditions, certain types of vehicle can be blown off course. These include box vans, curtain-siders, caravans and motorcycles. Make allowances for how the wind might affect these vehicles, especially if you're overtaking.
A Leave the motorway at the next exit
B Move into the lane on the right
C Switch on your dipped headlights
D Use the two-second rule
Correct Answer: C Switch on your dipped headlights
Explanation: If you're travelling on a motorway and your view ahead is poor, then you should reduce your speed. Leave at least four seconds between your vehicle and the one in front, and make sure that others can see you by using your dipped headlights.
A It's illegal to overtake snow ploughs
B Snow ploughs are left-hand-drive only
C There may be deep snow ahead
D Your speed could cause snow to drift behind
Correct Answer: C There may be deep snow ahead
Explanation: There's no way of knowing how deep the snow could be ahead. If you overtake and then become stuck in the snow, you may cause problems for the snow plough, particularly if you block the road.
A Partly apply the parking brake
B Put the gear lever into neutral
C Select the vehicle's highest gear
D Use the endurance brake
Correct Answer: D Use the endurance brake
Explanation: When approaching a long hill, you should take note of any early warning signs. Reduce your speed and select the appropriate gear in good time. Using an endurance brake (retarder), if fitted, will help control your speed.
A Brake more gently
B Brake much later
C Maintain steering control
D Stop over a long distance
Correct Answer: C Maintain steering control
Explanation: Anti-lock brakes are a driver aid, and can help you maintain steering control while braking. However, you mustn't rely on them to get you out of trouble or expect to be able to make sudden direction changes if you're going too fast.
A The anti-lock braking system
B The endurance brake (retarder)
C The footbrake
D The secondary brake
Correct Answer: B The endurance brake (retarder)
Explanation: Endurance brakes or 'retarders' help to control a vehicle's speed. They operate by applying resistance to slow the vehicle without using the wheel brakes, so avoiding brake fade. The methods used include: increased engine braking, exhaust braking and transmission-mounted devices.
A Be prepared to reduce your speed
B Brake hard to allow the other driver to cut in
C Continue at the same speed
D Increase your speed and force the lorry to drop back
Correct Answer: A Be prepared to reduce your speed
Explanation: Always be prepared to give way to overtaking lorries or buses. Maintaining your speed will only block the motorway to other traffic unnecessarily. You may find yourself in a similar situation if the limiter on your vehicle doesn't allow you enough speed to successfully overtake another vehicle.
A To allow you right of way
B To greet other road users
C To signal your annoyance
D To warn others of your presence
Correct Answer: D To warn others of your presence
Explanation: Only use your horn to warn people of your presence when they may not have seen you. Don't use it to greet others, to show impatience, or to give or claim priority. Your horn mustn't be used between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am in a built-up area, or when your vehicle is stationary, unless another vehicle poses a danger.
A Drugs make you a better driver by quickening your reactions
B Some types of medicine can cause your reactions to slow down
C The medicine you take may affect your hearing
D You'll have to let your insurance company know about the medicine
Correct Answer: B Some types of medicine can cause your reactions to slow down
Explanation: Some medicines can have side-effects that affect your driving. Ask your doctor whether you'll be safe to drive while taking the medicine that's been prescribed.
A Changing gear
B Cutting in
C Increasing your speed
D Signalling
Correct Answer: B Cutting in
Explanation: After overtaking, check your nearside mirror carefully before moving back to the left. Don't rely on the other driver flashing their headlights, because only you can make the decision that it's safe.
A Move up closer to the slower vehicle
B Signal left while waiting for the car to pass
C Signal right and move out
D Stay behind the slower vehicle
Correct Answer: D Stay behind the slower vehicle
Explanation: You should allow the faster-moving vehicle to overtake safely. If you pull out to overtake at this time, you'll cause the car behind to brake sharply. Don't use the size of your vehicle to intimidate. Be professional and show consideration to other road users.
A Change quickly to a higher gear
B Check your position in the left-hand mirror
C Close right up before pulling out
D Look well ahead for uphill gradients
Correct Answer: D Look well ahead for uphill gradients
Explanation: Plan your overtaking carefully. The weight of your vehicle, combined with the restrictions imposed by a speed limiter, is likely to make your vehicle lose speed on uphill gradients. You should take this into consideration before attempting to overtake another moving vehicle.
A Accelerate past as quickly as possible
B Give them plenty of room
C Sound your horn as a warning
D Stop and wait for them to get off the road
Correct Answer: B Give them plenty of room
Explanation: Horse riders often keep to the outside of the roundabout even if they're turning right. Give them room in case they have to cross lanes of traffic.
A Be patient and prepare for them to react more slowly
B Flash your headlights to tell them it's safe for them to proceed
C Overtake them as soon as possible
D Sound your horn to warn them of your presence
Correct Answer: A Be patient and prepare for them to react more slowly
Explanation: Many learners aren't confident when they first start to drive. Allow them plenty of room and don't react impatiently when they take their time. Remember that new drivers are inexperienced in dealing with traffic situations, so be patient.
A Pedestrians may come from behind the bus
B The bus may have broken down
C The bus may move off suddenly
D The bus may remain stationary
Correct Answer: A Pedestrians may come from behind the bus
Explanation: Watch out for pedestrians if you see a bus ahead. They may not be able to see you if they're crossing behind the bus.
A Between 11.30 pm and 6.30 am
B Between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am
C Between 12.30 am and 7.00 am
D Between midnight and 6.30 am
Correct Answer: B Between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am
Explanation: Some vehicles are fitted with an audible warning that sounds when the vehicle is reversing. This is an effective way to warn pedestrians and other road users of a reversing vehicle, but it doesn't take away the need to use effective observation all around your vehicle before and while you're reversing. Don't use the device in built-up areas between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am. Have consideration for the residents and don't disturb them with excessive noise.
A On downhill gradients
B On slippery roads
C On uneven roads
D On uphill gradients
Correct Answer: B On slippery roads
Explanation: The endurance brake (retarder) slows the vehicle without the use of the wheel-mounted brakes. However, care should be taken in slippery conditions, when the retarder's effect can be powerful enough to cause a skid.
A Ambulance drivers
B Cyclists
C Drivers of black taxi cabs
D Drivers of double-deck vehicles
Correct Answer: B Cyclists
Explanation: Look out for cyclists who don't have lights on. Also be aware that pedestrians - especially those in dark clothing - may be difficult to see.
Correct Answer: A Amber
Explanation: Reflective studs on motorways and dual carriageways are provided to help drivers in bad visibility. Reflective studs are coloured
  • red on the left-hand edge of the carriageway
  • white to indicate lane markings
  • green at slip roads and lay-bys
  • amber on the right-hand edge of the carriageway, marking the central reservation.

A At least a one-second gap
B At least a two-second gap
C One vehicle length
D Two vehicle lengths
Correct Answer: B At least a two-second gap
Explanation: Tailgating' - travelling too close to the vehicle in front - is very dangerous, because it doesn't give you enough distance to stop safely. Leave at least a two-second gap in good conditions, and increase this to four seconds in wet weather.
A Drop further back
B Move over to the left
C Move over to the right
D Overtake as soon as you can
Correct Answer: A Drop further back
Explanation: Staying well behind the vehicle in front will improve your view of the road ahead. This will give you more time and room to react to hazards. Use the two-second rule to make sure you're not too close. Don't move out to the right, as this could put you into the path of an oncoming vehicle or obstruct smaller vehicles that wish to overtake.
A Don't put out the fire; wait for the emergency services
B Stay with your vehicle; you'll be seen by the CCTV cameras
C Stop at the side of the road and switch off the engine
D Wait for the police; tunnels are regularly patrolled
Correct Answer: C Stop at the side of the road and switch off the engine
Explanation: If your vehicle catches fire in a tunnel and it can't be driven, stop on the side of the road, as far away from passing traffic as possible. Turn off the engine and warn other traffic by switching on your hazard warning lights.
A Remove your personal items
B Reset the retarder
C Stop the engine
D Switch off the tachograph
Correct Answer: C Stop the engine
Explanation: Before leaving your vehicle parked, you must stop the engine. The parking brake must be set and the vehicle should be safe and secure when you leave the cab.
A As a warning to drivers that you're towing another vehicle
B To show you want to go ahead when your position suggests otherwise
C To thank a driver who has let you move back to the left after overtaking
D When on motorways or dual carriageways, to warn drivers behind of a hazard ahead
Correct Answer: D When on motorways or dual carriageways, to warn drivers behind of a hazard ahead
Explanation: Use your hazard warning lights on a motorway or unrestricted dual carriageway to warn following drivers of an obstruction or hazard ahead. This will alert drivers who may not be able to see the hazard due to the size of your vehicle.
A They can't give arm signals
B They often break down
C They're easily overlooked
D They're easy to see
Correct Answer: C They're easily overlooked
Explanation: Always look for the more vulnerable road users, such as motorcyclists, cyclists, pedestrians (especially children), animals and horse riders. All need your consideration. Motorcycles are relatively small, but they can move just as fast as other vehicles, making them easy to overlook.
A Damage to level crossings
B Damage to overhead cables
C Damage to river banks
D Damage to the road surface
Correct Answer: D Damage to the road surface
Explanation: Road-friendly suspension reduces the vibration caused by the impact of the wheels on the road surface.
A Avoid motorways altogether
B Plan journeys to avoid busy times
C Plan journeys to avoid quiet times
D Use motorways for all journeys
Correct Answer: B Plan journeys to avoid busy times
Explanation: By planning your journey to avoid busy times, you'll avoid the build-up of traffic that often occurs.
A By displaying a 'stop' sign
B By displaying a red light
C By giving you an arm signal
D By pointing to children on the opposite pavement
Correct Answer: A By displaying a 'stop' sign
Explanation: If a school crossing patrol steps out into the road with a 'stop' sign, you must stop. Don't wave anyone across the road or get impatient and rev your engine.
A They may be filtering between the lanes
B They may have panniers fitted to their motorcycle
C They may ride in single file
D They may ride with their headlights on dipped beam
Correct Answer: A They may be filtering between the lanes
Explanation: In queuing traffic, motorcyclists may take the opportunity to filter between the lanes. Be aware that they may pass on either side and very close. Stay alert and always check your mirrors and blind spots before moving off, changing lanes or turning.
A Adjust your interior mirror
B Check for traffic overtaking on your right
C Flash your headlights
D Steer over to the left
Correct Answer: B Check for traffic overtaking on your right
Explanation: Just before turning, a check in the offside mirror will help you to see any cyclist or motorcyclist passing on your offside. This check may help to prevent a serious incident from developing.
A Accident blackspot
B Low bridge
C Speed camera
D Tunnel ahead
Correct Answer: D Tunnel ahead
Explanation: A tunnel can present a number of dangers to large vehicles. Look out for height or width limits and always be aware of your vehicle's size. Reduce speed and turn on your headlights before entering the tunnel. Remove sunglasses if you're wearing them, and remember, your eyes may take a little time to adjust to the sudden darkness.
A Until the vehicle is insured and MOT'd
B Until the vehicle is repaired or modified
C Until the vehicle is taxed, sold or scrapped
D Until the vehicle is used on the road
Correct Answer: C Until the vehicle is taxed, sold or scrapped
Explanation: A SORN allows you to keep a vehicle off the road and untaxed. The SORN remains valid until the vehicle is taxed, sold or scrapped. If you buy a vehicle that has a SORN, the SORN will finish as soon as you buy it. You'll need to make a new SORN if you want to keep the vehicle off the road and untaxed.
A To prevent overtaking
B To prevent tailgating
C To reduce congestion
D To reduce rest stops
Correct Answer: C To reduce congestion
Explanation: Smart motorways are intended to reduce congestion and make journey times more reliable. In these areas, the hard shoulder may be used as a running lane to ease congestion at peak times or when an incident occurs. The variable speed limits shown in red circles are mandatory and help to keep traffic flowing at a steady speed.
A The national speed limit will always apply
B The speed limit is always 30 mph
C The speed limit on the sign is advisory
D The speed limit on the sign must be obeyed
Correct Answer: D The speed limit on the sign must be obeyed
Explanation: When a smart motorway is in operation, you must follow the instructions shown on the gantries above each lane. There may also be instructions above the hard shoulder. The signals displayed are mandatory and may be enforced with camera technology.
A It will help to ease congestion
B There'll be fewer roadworks
C You'll travel a much shorter distance
D Your vehicle will use more fuel
Correct Answer: A It will help to ease congestion
Explanation: Avoiding busy times means that you're not adding needlessly to traffic congestion. Other advantages are that you'll use less fuel and you may have an easier journey, making you feel less stressed.
A The vehicle hirer
B The vehicle insurer
C The vehicle manufacturer
D The vehicle repairer
Correct Answer: A The vehicle hirer
Explanation: There are heavy fines for those convicted of bringing illegal immigrants into the UK. This can mean a fine for each illegal person carried. The fine can be imposed on each 'responsible person', including the vehicle driver, owner and hirer.
A A tachograph centre
B Any MOT test centre
C The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency
D The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency
Correct Answer: C The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency
Explanation: Driver cards for digital tachographs are issued by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency. In Northern Ireland, the cards are issued by the Driver and Vehicle Agency. They can send you a replacement card, for a fee.
A Increased fuel consumption
B Increased vehicle breakdowns
C Reduced engine emissions
D Reduced traffic volume
Correct Answer: C Reduced engine emissions
Explanation: Better knowledge and use of ecosafe driving techniques can result in lower fuel consumption and emissions. Other benefits include improved road safety and greater professionalism.
A Between 11 pm and 2 am
B Between 2 am and 7 am
C Between 6 pm and 11 pm
D Between 7 am and 2 pm
Correct Answer: B Between 2 am and 7 am
Explanation: There's a particular risk when driving between 2 am and 7 am. This is when the 'body clock' is programmed for sleep in most people. There's another, smaller, dip between 2 pm and 4 pm. If you feel that tiredness is affecting your ability to drive, stop in a safe place and rest.
A In a stable position
B Keeping your feet together
C Leaning sideways
D With one leg straight
Correct Answer: A In a stable position
Explanation: Always think of your own and others' physical safety before lifting any heavy object. Plan the lift and move any other items out of the way. Decide whether you need assistance.
Correct Answer: D 40%
Explanation: Research shows that approximately 40% of SRVIs involve commercial vehicles. The consequences are usually very serious because of the size of the vehicle and the fact that there is no braking before the impact.
A Accelerating rapidly
B Avoiding block changing
C Being aware of hazards
D Using air conditioning
Correct Answer: C Being aware of hazards
Explanation: Driving in an ecosafe manner means that you plan well ahead for hazards and react in good time. This can save fuel and is therefore good for the environment.
A 30 years and under
B 31-45 years
C 46-59 years
D 60 years and over
Correct Answer: A 30 years and under
Explanation: SRVIs are more evident in young male drivers, who tend to ignore or deny how they're feeling. The greatest risk is between the hours of 2.00 am and 7.00 am, when the body clock is in a trough. Make sure you take sufficient rest breaks and don't ignore feeling sleepy.
A You'll be able to stop more quickly
B You'll reduce journey times
C You'll use less fuel
D You'll use more fuel
Correct Answer: C You'll use less fuel
Explanation: Poor planning leads to late braking and harsh acceleration. This causes higher fuel consumption and increased emissions, which is harmful to the environment.
A 100 hours
B 105 hours
C 85 hours
D 90 hours
Correct Answer: D 90 hours
Explanation: Under EU rules, the maximum number of hours that you can drive in any two consecutive weeks is 90 hours. These don't have to be split evenly, but the total amount of driving time in any one week mustn't exceed 56 hours. Don't exceed your driving hours; heavy fines can be given to drivers who break the law.
A Assume the system has automatic drain valves
B Find out whether you need to drain the system manually
C Leave the engine running for a while before driving
D Nothing; it's the vehicle owner's responsibility
Correct Answer: B Find out whether you need to drain the system manually
Explanation: Moisture in the braking system can cause serious problems, especially in cold weather, when it could freeze and stop the brakes from working. Most modern vehicles have a system that drains automatically, but make sure you know which system is fitted to any vehicle that you drive.
A Fuel and water tanks will leak
B Only cars may park here
C Parking restrictions apply
D Soft verges
Correct Answer: D Soft verges
Explanation: This sign tells you that the verge is soft. If you park here, there's a danger that your vehicle will become stuck. This can be inconvenient and could be costly if you need to be pulled out. In extreme cases, your vehicle may even tip over.
A Any time except Saturdays
B At any time of the day
C Before 4.00 pm and after 6.30 pm only
D Between 4.00 pm and 6.30 pm only
Correct Answer: B At any time of the day
Explanation: As a local-service bus driver, you may use the bus lane at any time. The restrictions apply to other road users, to keep the lane clear for you at peak times. Don't be tempted to speed when driving up the inside of slow-moving or stationary traffic. Be alert for pedestrians who may be trying to cross the road.
A Keeping to a strict timetable
B The collecting of fares
C The issuing of tickets
D The safety and comfort of your passengers
Correct Answer: D The safety and comfort of your passengers
Explanation: Your passengers should be your first consideration. It's your responsibility to deliver them to their destination safely and on time. You should also treat passengers courteously at all times.
A Gently apply the parking brake
B Plan ahead and take early action
C Pump the brake pedal several times
D Slow down by using your gears only
Correct Answer: B Plan ahead and take early action
Explanation: Always look well ahead. Early planning and anticipation will help you avoid the need to brake harshly. It's important that you give your passengers a smooth journey, especially if any of them are having to stand.
A To help you see clearly out of the back window
B To keep the bus stable
C To keep them informed about the breakdown
D To limit injuries in the event of a rear-end collision
Correct Answer: D To limit injuries in the event of a rear-end collision
Explanation: Passenger safety should be your priority. You should take every precaution to ensure they're out of danger.
A Check their pulse
B Get medical help
C Give them liquid
D Lie them on their back
Correct Answer: B Get medical help
Explanation: If one of your passengers is unconscious but breathing, get medical help immediately. Only move them if there's a danger of further injury and you're moving them to a place of safety while you wait for help to arrive.
A To be closer to emergency exits
B To be witnesses to the incident
C To improve weight distribution
D To reduce the risk of injury from a rear-end collision
Correct Answer: D To reduce the risk of injury from a rear-end collision
Explanation: If there's a risk that another vehicle could run into the back of your bus, you should move your passengers forward to a safer position.
A It will help passengers to see outside
B It will help you see the road ahead
C So that passengers can see to move around
D So that you can see your controls
Correct Answer: C So that passengers can see to move around
Explanation: Passengers need a properly lit area so they can move around safely.
A Ask a passenger to make sure it's safe to move off
B Get out of your vehicle and stop the traffic
C Indicate before checking all of your mirrors
D Open the window and look down and round to the right
Correct Answer: D Open the window and look down and round to the right
Explanation: High-sided coaches can create extra blind spots; you should be aware of these. You'll need to make additional checks on this type of vehicle, but don't forget your usual observations and mirror checks to make sure it's safe before moving off.
A Anti-lock braking system
B Endurance brake (retarder)
C Secondary brake
D Service brake
Correct Answer: D Service brake
Explanation: The most powerful and effective brake on the vehicle is the service brake, and this should be used in normal circumstances. Well-maintained brakes should apply an even pressure to all the wheels, providing an efficient, controlled stop.
A Move passengers to the front of the bus
B Move passengers to the middle of the bus
C Move passengers to the rear of the bus
D Tell passengers to stay in the same seats
Correct Answer: A Move passengers to the front of the bus
Explanation: Stop as far to the left as possible on the hard shoulder. Make sure all your passengers have moved as far as possible to the front of the vehicle; this will reduce the risk of injury if a passing vehicle runs into the back of the bus. Use an emergency telephone to call for assistance.
A Disconnect the battery
B Park in a well-lit location
C Park on a firm, level surface
D Unload some of the cargo
Correct Answer: C Park on a firm, level surface
Explanation: Before uncoupling a trailer, always make sure that you've parked on firm, level ground and applied the trailer parking brake.
A Apply the parking brake
B Count the fares
C Operate the fuel cut-off switch
D Reset the odometer
Correct Answer: A Apply the parking brake
Explanation: Before you leave your bus, you must always apply the parking brake.
A Drive to the bus station for a replacement bus
B Get everyone off the bus quickly and safely
C Move the passengers to the front of the bus
D Open the engine cover to investigate
Correct Answer: B Get everyone off the bus quickly and safely
Explanation: Smoke from the engine compartment is very serious, as fire within a vehicle can spread very quickly. Your priority is to make sure that all passengers get off the bus as quickly and safely as possible.
A Fuel consumption will be reduced
B It will allow you to drive faster
C Passenger comfort will be increased
D Your brakes will be more effective
Correct Answer: C Passenger comfort will be increased
Explanation: Air suspension will increase passenger comfort and can also help to reduce wear on road surfaces - which is why it's also known as 'road-friendly suspension'.
A Those who get on first
B Those with a weekly pass
C Those with disabilities
D Those with heavy luggage
Correct Answer: C Those with disabilities
Explanation: Since 2000, all new buses and coaches must be accessible to people with disabilities. These vehicles must have ramps, priority seating and colour-contrasted handrails and steps.
Correct Answer: C D
Explanation: Drivers of buses and coaches with more than 16 passenger seats require a category D licence. Make sure your licence has the correct entitlement for the vehicle you plan to drive.
A In a medical emergency
B To prevent fare dodging
C When carrying luggage
D When fastening seat belts
Correct Answer: A In a medical emergency
Explanation: All physical contact with children should be avoided except in specific circumstances such as genuine self-defence, a medical emergency, or to prevent a serious offence or threat to anyone's safety.
A Ear protectors
B Heatproof gloves
C High-visibility vest
D Safety goggles
Correct Answer: C High-visibility vest
Explanation: Very often, you'll load or unload luggage by the roadside. For your own safety, make yourself visible to other traffic.