Safety and Your Vehicle Theory Test

There are 78 driving theory test Safety and Your Vehicle questions. You must get 86% (67 out of 78) to pass the test. You may review answers after each question by clicking the 'check answer' button or you can wait until the end of the test for your final score. Good luck!

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A The flash rate of the vehicle's indicators would increase
B The vehicle's gear change mechanism would become stiff
C The vehicle's headlights would aim high
D The vehicle's stopping distance would increase
Correct Answer: D The vehicle's stopping distance would increase
Explanation: Your tyres are your only contact with the road. To prevent problems with braking and steering, keep your tyres free from defects; they must have sufficient tread depth and be correctly inflated. Correct tyre pressures help reduce the risk of skidding and provide a safer and more comfortable drive or ride.
A At any time in a built-up area
B Between 10.00 pm and 6.00 am in a built-up area
C Between 11.30 pm and 6.00 am on any road
D Between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am in a built-up area
Correct Answer: D Between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am in a built-up area
Explanation: Every effort must be made to prevent excessive noise, especially in built-up areas at night. Don't rev your engine or sound the horn unnecessarily. It's illegal to sound your horn in a built-up area between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am, except when another road user poses a danger.
environmentally friendly tram
A It's powered by diesel
B It's powered by electricity
C It's powered by gravity
D It's powered by unleaded petrol
Correct Answer: B It's powered by electricity
Explanation: Trams are powered by electricity and therefore don't emit exhaust fumes. They ease traffic congestion by offering drivers an alternative to using their car, particularly in busy cities and towns.
A To allow lorries to load more freely
B To help the traffic flow
C To provide better parking
D To raise the speed limits
Correct Answer: B To help the traffic flow
Explanation: Inconsiderate parking can obstruct the flow of traffic and so make traffic congestion worse. Red routes are designed to prevent this by enforcing strict parking restrictions. Driving slowly in traffic increases fuel consumption and causes a build-up of exhaust fumes.
A To allow pedestrians to cross
B To increase traffic speed
C To reduce traffic speed
D To separate lanes of traffic
Correct Answer: C To reduce traffic speed
Explanation: Traffic-calming measures help to keep vehicle speeds low in congested areas where there are pedestrians and children. A pedestrian is much more likely to survive a collision with a vehicle travelling at 20 mph than they are with a vehicle travelling at 40 mph.
A To reduce engine wear
B To reduce fuel consumption
C To reduce harmful exhaust gases
D To reduce the risk of fire
Correct Answer: C To reduce harmful exhaust gases
Explanation: Catalytic converters reduce a large percentage of harmful exhaust emissions. They work more efficiently when the engine has reached its normal working temperature.
A After any lengthy journey
B After travelling at high speed
C When tyres are cold
D When tyres are hot
Correct Answer: C When tyres are cold
Explanation: Check the tyre pressures when the tyres are cold. This will give you a more accurate reading. The heat generated on a long journey will raise the pressure inside the tyre.
A When its tyres are new
B When its tyres are of different makes
C When its tyres are over-inflated
D When its tyres are under-inflated
Correct Answer: D When its tyres are under-inflated
Explanation: Check your tyre pressures frequently - normally once a week. If they're lower than those recommended by the manufacturer, there will be more 'rolling resistance'. The engine will have to work harder to overcome this, leading to increased fuel consumption.
A Bury it in your garden
B Leave it on waste land
C Put it in the dustbin
D Take it to a local-authority disposal site
Correct Answer: D Take it to a local-authority disposal site
Explanation: Batteries contain acid, which is hazardous, and they must be disposed of safely. This means taking them to an appropriate disposal site.
A Accelerating around bends
B Harsh braking and accelerating
C Poor steering control
D Staying in high gears
Correct Answer: B Harsh braking and accelerating
Explanation: Accelerating and braking gently and smoothly will help to save fuel and reduce wear on your vehicle. This makes it better for the environment too.
A Battery acid
B Distilled water
C Engine coolant
D Engine oil
Correct Answer: B Distilled water
Explanation: Some modern batteries are maintenance free. Check your vehicle handbook and, if necessary, make sure that the plates in each battery cell are covered with fluid.
A When the speed limit exceeds 30 mph
B When there are continuous white lines in the middle of the road
C When you're facing oncoming traffic
D When you're near a bus stop
Correct Answer: A When the speed limit exceeds 30 mph
Explanation: When parking at night, park in the direction of the traffic. This will enable other road users to see the reflectors on the rear of your vehicle. Use your parking lights if the speed limit is over 30 mph.
A Don't service it
B Drive faster than normal
C Keep engine revs low
D Only use it for short journeys
Correct Answer: C Keep engine revs low
Explanation: Engines that burn fossil fuels produce exhaust emissions that are harmful to health. The harder you make the engine work, the more emissions it will produce. Engines also use more fuel and produce higher levels of emissions when they're cold. Anything you can do to reduce your use of fossil fuels will help the environment.
A A faulty braking system
B A faulty electrical system
C A faulty exhaust system
D A faulty gearbox
Correct Answer: A A faulty braking system
Explanation: If you see that parts of the tread on your tyres are wearing before others, it may indicate a brake, suspension or wheel-alignment fault. Regular servicing will help to detect faults at an early stage and this will avoid the risk of minor faults becoming serious or even dangerous.
A Halfway up the battery
B Just above the cell plates
C Just below the cell plates
D The top of the battery
Correct Answer: B Just above the cell plates
Explanation: Top up the battery with distilled water and make sure each cell plate is covered.
A Ask your local garage
B Check your vehicle handbook
C Consult a travel agent
D Use a route planner on the internet
Correct Answer: D Use a route planner on the internet
Explanation: Various route planners are available on the internet. Most of them give you several options, allowing you to choose between the most direct route and quieter roads. They may also identify rest and fuel stops. Print off the directions and take them with you.
A It will cause more traffic congestion
B You'll have a more stressful journey
C You'll have an easier journey
D Your journey time will be longer
Correct Answer: C You'll have an easier journey
Explanation: No-one likes to spend time in traffic queues. Try to avoid busy times related to school or work travel.
A Your journey will be more hazardous
B Your journey will have fewer delays
C Your journey will take longer
D Your journey will use more fuel
Correct Answer: B Your journey will have fewer delays
Explanation: If possible, avoid the early morning, late afternoon and early evening 'rush hour'. Doing this should allow you to have a better journey, with fewer delays. This should help you to arrive at your destination feeling less stressed.
A You may find you have to pay a congestion charge
B You may get held up by a tractor
C Your maps may have different scales
D Your original route may be blocked
Correct Answer: D Your original route may be blocked
Explanation: It can be frustrating and worrying to find your planned route is blocked by roadworks or diversions. If you've planned an alternative, you'll feel less stressed and more able to concentrate fully on your driving or riding. If your original route is mostly on motorways, it's a good idea to plan an alternative using non-motorway roads. Always carry a map with you just in case you need to refer to it.
A Allow plenty of time for the trip
B Avoid roads with the national speed limit
C Plan to travel at busy times
D Prevent other drivers from overtaking
Correct Answer: A Allow plenty of time for the trip
Explanation: Always allow plenty of time for your journey in case of unforeseen problems. Anything can happen; for example, punctures, breakdowns, road closures, diversions and delays. You'll feel less stressed and less inclined to take risks if you aren't 'pushed for time'.
A Increased fuel consumption
B Increased road safety
C Reduced exhaust emissions
D Reduced pollution
Correct Answer: A Increased fuel consumption
Explanation: Using the controls smoothly can reduce fuel consumption by about 15%, as well as reducing wear and tear on your vehicle. Plan ahead and anticipate changes of speed well in advance. This will reduce the need to accelerate rapidly or brake sharply.
A Anti-freeze level
B Battery-water level
C Brake-fluid level
D Radiator-coolant level
Correct Answer: C Brake-fluid level
Explanation: You should carry out frequent checks on all fluid levels but particularly brake fluid. As the brake pads or shoes wear down, the brake-fluid level will drop. If it drops below the minimum mark on the fluid reservoir, air could enter the hydraulic system and lead to a loss of braking efficiency or even complete brake failure.
A Check that the parking brake is released
B Check the brake-fluid level
C Check the footbrake free play
D Have the brakes checked immediately
Correct Answer: D Have the brakes checked immediately
Explanation: Consult the vehicle handbook or a garage before driving the vehicle any further. Only drive to a garage if it's safe to do so. If you aren't sure, get expert help.
A A fault in the braking system
B A rear light has failed
C The engine oil is low
D Your seat belt isn't fastened
Correct Answer: A A fault in the braking system
Explanation: If this light comes on, you should have the brake system checked immediately. A faulty braking system could have dangerous consequences.
A To enable you to adjust your seat
B To enable you to walk for assistance if you break down
C To maintain control of the pedals
D To prevent wear on the pedals
Correct Answer: C To maintain control of the pedals
Explanation: When you're going to drive, make sure that you're wearing suitable clothing. Comfortable shoes will ensure that you have proper control of the foot pedals.
A A collapsible steering wheel
B A properly adjusted head restraint
C An air-sprung seat
D Anti-lock brakes
Correct Answer: B A properly adjusted head restraint
Explanation: If you're involved in a collision, head restraints will reduce the risk of neck injury. They must be properly adjusted. Make sure they aren't positioned too low: in a crash, this could cause damage to the neck.
A The shock absorbers are worn
B The tyres are under inflated
C The tyres are worn
D The vehicle is on soft ground
Correct Answer: A The shock absorbers are worn
Explanation: If you find that your vehicle bounces as you drive around a corner or bend in the road, the shock absorbers might be worn. To test your shock absorbers, sharply press down and release above each wheel. If the vehicle continues to bounce, take it to be checked by a qualified mechanic.
A Fuel consumption will increase
B The car will accelerate faster
C The engine will use more oil
D There will be less wind noise
Correct Answer: A Fuel consumption will increase
Explanation: A roof rack increases your car's wind resistance. This will cause an increase in fuel consumption, so you should remove it when it isn't being used. An aerodynamically designed roof rack or box will help reduce wind resistance to a minimum, but the rack or box should still be removed when it isn't in use.
A If they have any large, deep cuts in the side wall
B If they have different tread patterns
C If they were bought second-hand
D If they're of different makes
Correct Answer: A If they have any large, deep cuts in the side wall
Explanation: Your tyres may be of different treads and makes. They can even be second-hand, as long as they're in good condition. They must, however, be intact, without cuts or tears. When checking the side walls for cuts and bulges, don't forget to check the side of the tyre that's hidden from view, under the car.
A 1 mm
B 1.6 mm
C 2.5 mm
D 4 mm
Correct Answer: B 1.6 mm
Explanation: Car tyres must have sufficient depth of tread to give them a good grip on the road surface. The legal minimum for cars is 1.6 mm. This depth should be across the central three-quarters of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire circumference.
A The children
B The children's parents
C The front-seat passenger
D You, the driver
Correct Answer: D You, the driver
Explanation: Seat belts save lives and reduce the risk of injury. If you're carrying passengers under 14 years old, it's your responsibility as the driver to ensure that their seat belts are fastened or they're seated in an approved child restraint.
A By accelerating gently
B By accelerating harshly
C By driving faster
D By using leaded fuel
Correct Answer: A By accelerating gently
Explanation: Rapid acceleration and heavy braking lead to increased
  • fuel consumption
  • wear on your vehicle.
Having your vehicle serviced regularly will maintain its efficiency, produce cleaner emissions and reduce the risk of a breakdown.
A By driving at higher speeds where possible
B By having your vehicle serviced regularly
C By keeping an empty roof rack on your vehicle
D By revving the engine in the lower gears
Correct Answer: B By having your vehicle serviced regularly
Explanation: If you don't have your vehicle serviced regularly, the engine will gradually become less efficient. This will cause increased fuel consumption and, in turn, an increase in the amount of harmful emissions it produces.
A Drive in a bus lane
B Travel by car at all times
C Use a car with a smaller engine
D Walk or cycle on short journeys
Correct Answer: D Walk or cycle on short journeys
Explanation: Try not to use your car as a matter of routine. For shorter journeys, consider walking or cycling instead - this is much better for both you and the environment.
A Driving on motorways
B Reducing your speed
C Under-inflated tyres
D Using different brands of fuel
Correct Answer: C Under-inflated tyres
Explanation: Wasting fuel costs you money and also causes unnecessary pollution. Ensuring your tyres are correctly inflated, avoiding carrying unnecessary weight and removing a roof rack that's not in use will all help to reduce your fuel consumption.
A The door locks
B The gearbox
C The seat belts
D The transmission
Correct Answer: C The seat belts
Explanation: Unless exempt, you and your passengers must wear a seat belt (or suitable child restraint). The seat belts in your car must be in good condition and working properly; they'll be checked during its MOT test.
A About 100%
B About 15%
C About 5%
D About 75%
Correct Answer: B About 15%
Explanation: Your vehicle will use less fuel if you avoid heavy acceleration. The higher the engine revs, the more fuel you'll use. Using the same gear, and covering the same distance, a vehicle travelling at 70 mph will use about 15% more fuel than it would at 50 mph. However, don't travel so slowly that you inconvenience or endanger other road users.
A Change gear and pump the brake pedal
B Have the brakes checked as soon as possible
C Increase the pressure in your tyres
D Use your parking brake at the same time
Correct Answer: B Have the brakes checked as soon as possible
Explanation: The brakes on your vehicle must be effective and properly adjusted. If your vehicle pulls to one side when braking, take it to be checked by a qualified mechanic as soon as you can.
A The brakes will fail
B The steering will pull to one side
C The steering will vibrate
D The tyres will deflate
Correct Answer: C The steering will vibrate
Explanation: If your wheels are out of balance, it will cause the steering to vibrate at certain speeds. This isn't a fault that will put itself right, so take your vehicle to a garage or tyre fitter to have the wheels rebalanced.
A The brakes
B The engine
C The gearbox
D The tyres
Correct Answer: D The tyres
Explanation: Turning the steering wheel when the car isn't moving is known as dry steering. It can cause unnecessary wear to the tyres and steering mechanism.
A Lock them out of sight
B Park near a bus stop
C Park near a school entrance
D Put them in a carrier bag
Correct Answer: A Lock them out of sight
Explanation: If you have to leave valuables in your car, lock them out of sight. This is the best way to deter an opportunist thief.
A Always keeping the headlights on
B Always keeping the interior light on
C Etching the registration number on the windows
D Fitting reflective glass windows
Correct Answer: C Etching the registration number on the windows
Explanation: Having your car registration number etched on all your windows is a cheap and effective way to deter professional car thieves.
A The car dealer's details
B The owner's manual
C The service record
D The vehicle registration document
Correct Answer: D The vehicle registration document
Explanation: Never leave the vehicle registration document inside your car. This document would help a thief to dispose of your car more easily.
A Leave the left indicator on
B Lock it and remove the key
C Park in a housing estate
D Park near a busy junction
Correct Answer: B Lock it and remove the key
Explanation: An unlocked car is an open invitation to thieves. Leaving the keys in the ignition not only makes your car easy to steal but could also invalidate your insurance.
A Accelerating rapidly
B Driving more slowly
C Late and heavy braking
D Staying in lower gears
Correct Answer: B Driving more slowly
Explanation: Harsh braking, frequent gear changes and harsh acceleration increase fuel consumption. A car uses less fuel when travelling at a constant low speed in an appropriate high gear. You need to look well ahead so you're able to anticipate hazards early. Easing off the accelerator and timing your approach at junctions, for example, can reduce the fuel consumption of your vehicle.
A Pour it down a drain
B Put it in your dustbin
C Take it to a local-authority site
D Tip it into a hole in the ground
Correct Answer: C Take it to a local-authority site
Explanation: It's illegal to pour engine oil down any drain. Oil is a pollutant and harmful to wildlife. Dispose of it safely at an authorised site.
A To discover which fuel supplier is used the most
B To help protect the environment against pollution
C To make sure diesel and petrol engines emit the same fumes
D To recover the cost of expensive garage equipment
Correct Answer: B To help protect the environment against pollution
Explanation: Emission tests are carried out to make sure your vehicle's engine is operating efficiently. This ensures the pollution produced by the engine is kept to a minimum. If your vehicle isn't serviced regularly, it may fail the MOT emissions test.
A Anticipate well ahead
B Brake heavily
C Use busy routes
D Use narrow side streets
Correct Answer: A Anticipate well ahead
Explanation: By looking well ahead and recognising hazards in good time, you can avoid late and heavy braking. Watch the traffic flow and look well ahead for potential hazards so you can control your speed in good time. Avoid over-revving the engine and accelerating harshly, as this increases wear to the engine and uses more fuel.
A Your journey times will be reduced
B Your vehicle tax will be lower
C Your vehicle will be cheaper to insure
D Your vehicle will remain reliable
Correct Answer: D Your vehicle will remain reliable
Explanation: All vehicles need to be serviced to keep working efficiently. An efficient engine uses less fuel and produces fewer harmful emissions than an engine that's running inefficiently. Keeping the vehicle serviced to the manufacturer's schedule should also keep it reliable and reduce the chance of it breaking down.
A Accelerate quickly between the humps
B Always keep to the maximum legal speed
C Drive slowly at school times only
D Maintain a reduced speed throughout
Correct Answer: D Maintain a reduced speed throughout
Explanation: Road humps are there for a reason - to protect vulnerable road users by reducing the speed of traffic. Don't accelerate harshly between the humps. Put the safety of others first and maintain a reduced speed throughout the zone.
A Before a long journey
B Early in the morning
C Every time you drive the car
D When the engine is hot
Correct Answer: A Before a long journey
Explanation: An engine can use more oil during long journeys than on shorter trips. Insufficient engine oil is potentially dangerous: it can lead to excessive wear, mechanical breakdown and expensive repairs. Most cars have a dipstick to allow the oil level to be checked. If not, you should refer to the vehicle handbook.
A No, not under any circumstances
B No, not unless you stay with your car
C Yes, if you don't block people from crossing
D Yes, in order to drop off a passenger
Correct Answer: A No, not under any circumstances
Explanation: It's an offence to park on the zigzag lines of a zebra crossing. You'll be causing an obstruction by obscuring the view of both pedestrians and drivers.
A Leave the engine running
B Lock it and remove the key
C Park near a traffic warden
D Switch the engine off but leave the key in
Correct Answer: B Lock it and remove the key
Explanation: Always switch off the engine, remove the key and lock your car, even if you're only leaving it for a few minutes.
A It doesn't cost anything to park here
B It helps deter thieves
C It makes it easy to find your car
D It stops the car being exposed to bad weather
Correct Answer: B It helps deter thieves
Explanation: Whenever possible, leave your car in a secure car park. This will help deter thieves.
A Alongside a parking meter
B In a marked parking space
C In front of a property entrance
D On your driveway
Correct Answer: C In front of a property entrance
Explanation: Don't park your vehicle where it may obstruct access to a business or property. Think carefully before you slow down and stop. Look at road markings and signs to ensure that you aren't parking illegally.
A To help you avoid neck injury
B To help you maintain your driving position
C To help you relax
D To make you more comfortable
Correct Answer: A To help you avoid neck injury
Explanation: In a collision, rapid deceleration will violently throw vehicle occupants forward and then backwards as the vehicle stops. Seat belts and airbags protect occupants against the forward movement. Head restraints should be adjusted so they give maximum protection to the head and neck during the backward movement.
A Avoid making a lot of short journeys
B Avoid using the cruise control
C Use the air conditioning whenever you drive
D Use the gears to slow the vehicle
Correct Answer: A Avoid making a lot of short journeys
Explanation: Avoid using your car for short journeys. On a short journey, the engine is unlikely to warm up fully and will therefore be running less efficiently. This will result in the car using more fuel and emitting higher levels of harmful emissions.
A Drive more quickly
B Drive short journeys
C Over-rev in a low gear
D Walk or cycle
Correct Answer: D Walk or cycle
Explanation: Using a vehicle for short journeys means the engine doesn't have time to reach its normal operating temperature. When an engine is running below its normal operating temperature, it produces increased amounts of pollution. Walking and cycling don't create pollution and have health benefits as well.
A Park near a fire station
B Park near a taxi rank
C Place any valuables on the floor
D Take all valuables with you
Correct Answer: D Take all valuables with you
Explanation: When leaving your car, take all valuables with you if you can. Otherwise, lock them out of sight.
A Install a security-coded radio
B Leave the radio turned on
C Park in an unlit area
D Park near a busy junction
Correct Answer: A Install a security-coded radio
Explanation: A security-coded radio can deter thieves, as it's likely to be of little use when removed from the vehicle.
A Don't engage the steering lock
B Leave it in a well-lit area
C Park in a poorly lit area
D Park in a quiet side road
Correct Answer: B Leave it in a well-lit area
Explanation: Having your vehicle broken into or stolen can be very distressing and inconvenient. Avoid leaving your vehicle unattended in poorly lit areas.
A Being a member of a vehicle breakdown organisation
B Passing an advanced driving test
C Registering with a Vehicle Watch scheme
D Taking car maintenance classes
Correct Answer: C Registering with a Vehicle Watch scheme
Explanation: The Vehicle Watch scheme helps to reduce the risk of your car being stolen. By displaying high-visibility Vehicle Watch stickers in your car, you're inviting the police to stop your vehicle if it's seen in use between midnight and 5 am.
A In the air filter
B In the fuel tank
C On the cooling system
D On the exhaust system
Correct Answer: D On the exhaust system
Explanation: Although carbon dioxide is still produced, a catalytic converter fitted to the exhaust system reduces the toxic and polluting gases by up to 90%.
A Increase in fuel consumption by about 15%
B Increase in journey times by about 15%
C Reduction in fuel consumption by about 15%
D Reduction in journey times by about 15%
Correct Answer: C Reduction in fuel consumption by about 15%
Explanation: By driving smoothly, you'll not only save about 15% of your fuel but will also reduce the amount of wear and tear on your vehicle and the level of pollution it produces. You're also likely to feel more relaxed and have a more pleasant journey.
A Accelerating sharply in each gear
B Missing out some gears
C Using each gear in turn
D Using lower gears as often as possible
Correct Answer: B Missing out some gears
Explanation: Missing out intermediate gears, when appropriate, helps to reduce the amount of time spent accelerating and decelerating - the times when your vehicle uses the most fuel.
A By increasing the number of cars on the road
B By reducing exhaust emissions
C Through increased fuel bills
D Through the legal enforcement of speed regulations
Correct Answer: B By reducing exhaust emissions
Explanation: Fuel-efficient driving is all about looking and planning further ahead. This helps raise your hazard awareness and reduces the need for late and heavy braking. This will make your journeys more comfortable, as well as considerably reducing your fuel bills and reducing emissions that can damage the environment.
A Damage to the environment
B Improved road safety
C Increased exhaust emissions
D Increased fuel consumption
Correct Answer: B Improved road safety
Explanation: The emphasis is on hazard awareness and planning ahead. By looking well ahead, you'll have plenty of time to deal with hazards safely and won't need to brake sharply. This will also reduce damage to the environment.
Correct Answer: B 1.6 mm
Explanation: Trailers and caravans may be left in storage over the winter months, and tyres can deteriorate. It's important to check their tread depth and also their pressures and general condition. The legal tread depth of 1.6 mm applies to the central three-quarters of a tyre's breadth, over its entire circumference.
A When you're accelerating
B When you're braking
C When you're coasting
D When you're turning sharply
Correct Answer: A When you're accelerating
Explanation: Accelerating uses a lot of fuel, so always try to use the accelerator smoothly. Taking your foot off the accelerator allows the momentum of the car to take you forward, especially when going downhill. This can save a considerable amount of fuel without any loss of control over the vehicle.
A When they're exempt for medical reasons
B When they're sitting in the rear seat
C When they're under 1.5 metres (5 feet) in height
D When they're under 14 years old
Correct Answer: A When they're exempt for medical reasons
Explanation: If you have adult passengers, it's their responsibility to wear a seat belt, but you should still remind them to use one as they get in the car. It's your responsibility to make sure that all children in your car are secured with an appropriate restraint. Exemptions are allowed for those with a medical exemption certificate.
Correct Answer: C You, the driver
Explanation: Passengers should always be secured and safe. Children should be encouraged to fasten their seat belts or approved restraints themselves from an early age, so that it becomes a matter of routine. As the driver, you must check that they're fastened securely. It's your responsibility.
A The air intake will become blocked
B The clutch pedal will lock
C The oil seals will leak
D The timing belt will slip
Correct Answer: C The oil seals will leak
Explanation: Too much oil will lead to increased pressure in the engine. This could damage oil seals and lead to oil leaks. Any excess oil should be drained off.
Correct Answer: D Using an adult seat belt
Explanation: In journeys of unexpected necessity, and when a correct child restraint isn't available, the child must sit on the rear seat and use an adult seat belt. In a collision, unrestrained objects and people can cause serious injury or even death.
A They must be able to fasten their own seat belt
B They must be able to see clearly out of the front window
C They must use a suitable child restraint
D They must use an adult seat belt
Correct Answer: C They must use a suitable child restraint
Explanation: As the driver, it's your responsibility to make sure that children are secure and safe in your vehicle. Make yourself familiar with the rules. When children are carried on the back seat, there are a few very exceptional cases when an adult seat belt can be used instead of a correct child restraint.
A Apply the steering lock
B Switch off the engine
C Switch off the radio
D Use your headlights
Correct Answer: B Switch off the engine
Explanation: If your vehicle is stationary and is likely to remain so for some time, you must switch off the engine unless you're stationary in traffic or diagnosing a fault.
A Ask a passenger to hold the baby
B Deactivate the airbag
C Put the child in an adult seat belt
D Turn the seat to face sideways
Correct Answer: B Deactivate the airbag
Explanation: It's illegal to fit a rear-facing baby seat into a passenger seat protected by an active frontal airbag. If the airbag activates, it could cause serious injury or even death to the child. You must secure it in a different seat or deactivate the relevant airbag. Follow the manufacturer's advice when fitting a baby seat.
A If the battery keeps going flat
B If you'll be parking for less than five minutes
C Never if you're away from the vehicle
D When parked in a 20 mph zone
Correct Answer: C Never if you're away from the vehicle
Explanation: When you leave your vehicle parked on a road, switch off the engine and secure the vehicle. Make sure no valuables are visible, shut all the windows, lock the vehicle, and set the alarm if the vehicle has one.
A The ESC system has a fault
B The ESC system has activated
C The ESC system is running a routine test
D The ESC system is switched off
Correct Answer: B The ESC system has activated
Explanation: ESC is a computer controlled technology that detects reduced traction and automatically makes corrective adjustments to prevent loss of control. The ESC lamp comes on to alert the driver that the system has activated and the car is approaching its handling limits. It's a powerful driver aid but it cannot save a car once its traction limits have been exceeded.