Safety Margins Theory Test

There are 33 driving theory test Safety Margins questions. You must get 86% (28 out of 33) to pass the test. You may review answers after each question by clicking the 'check answer' button or you can wait until the end of the test for your final score. Good luck!

Tests Taken

Last Score

Average Score

Your Progress

1 votes - average 5 out of 5

Safety Margins Theory Test Quick View

Click the question box to reveal the correct answer. You can print the Safety Margins Theory Test questions and answers by clicking the printer icon below.

A Five times
B Ten times
C Three times
D Two times
Correct Answer: B Ten times
Explanation: Tyre grip is greatly reduced in icy conditions. For this reason, you need to allow up to ten times the stopping distance you would allow on dry roads.
A Moving off on a hill
B Passing pedal cyclists
C Turning into a narrow road
D Using the brakes
Correct Answer: B Passing pedal cyclists
Explanation: Always give cyclists plenty of room when overtaking them. You need to give them even more room when it's windy. A sudden gust could easily blow them off course and into your path.
A To be positioned safely if you skid
B To improve your view of the road
C To let faster traffic from behind overtake
D To overcome the effect of the road's slope
Correct Answer: B To improve your view of the road
Explanation: Keeping to the left as you approach right-hand bends will give you an earlier view around the bend and enable you to see any hazards sooner. It also reduces the risk of collision with any oncoming vehicle that may have drifted over the centre line while taking the bend.
A Accelerate and keep to a high speed for a short time
B Avoid using the brakes at all for a few miles
C Go slowly while gently applying the brakes
D Stop for at least an hour to allow them time to dry
Correct Answer: C Go slowly while gently applying the brakes
Explanation: Water on the brakes will act as a lubricant, causing them to work less efficiently. Using the brakes lightly as you go along will quickly dry them out.
A The exhaust emissions
B The fuel consumption
C The suspension
D The tyre grip
Correct Answer: D The tyre grip
Explanation: If the road surface becomes very hot, it can soften. Tyres are unable to grip a soft surface as well as they can a firm dry one. Take care when cornering and braking.
A On a busy stretch of road
B On a long, straight road
C On a narrow country lane
D On an open stretch of road
Correct Answer: D On an open stretch of road
Explanation: In windy conditions, care must be taken on exposed roads. A strong gust of wind can blow you off course. Watch out for other road users who are particularly likely to be affected, such as cyclists, motorcyclists, high-sided lorries and vehicles towing trailers.
A Drop back to regain a safe distance
B Flash your headlights as a warning
C Stay close to the other vehicle until it moves on
D Try to overtake safely as soon as you can
Correct Answer: A Drop back to regain a safe distance
Explanation: Wet weather will affect the time it takes for you to stop and can affect your control. Your speed should allow you to stop safely and in good time. If another vehicle pulls into the gap you've allowed, ease back until you've regained your stopping distance.
A Brake sharply
B Increase your distance from the vehicle in front
C Move onto the hard shoulder and stop
D Switch on your hazard warning lights
Correct Answer: B Increase your distance from the vehicle in front
Explanation: On busy roads, traffic may still travel at high speeds. Don't follow the vehicle in front too closely. If a driver behind seems to be 'pushing' you, gradually increase your distance from the vehicle in front by slowing down gently. This will give you more space in front if you have to brake, and will reduce the risk of a collision involving several vehicles.
A Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front
B Keep close to the vehicle in front
C Keep up with the faster vehicles
D Use main beam instead of dipped headlights
Correct Answer: A Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front
Explanation: When it's foggy, use your headlights on dipped beam. This will help you see and be seen by other road users. If visibility is seriously reduced, consider using front and rear fog lights if you have them. Keep to a sensible speed and don't follow the vehicle in front too closely. If the road is wet and slippery, you'll need to allow twice the normal stopping distance.
A Choose an appropriate lane in good time
B Follow other motorists closely to avoid long queues
C Increase speed to get through the contraflow more quickly
D Switch lanes to make better progress
Correct Answer: A Choose an appropriate lane in good time
Explanation: In a contraflow system, you'll be travelling close to oncoming traffic and sometimes in narrow lanes. You should get into the correct lane in good time, obey any temporary speed-limit signs and keep a safe separation distance from the vehicle ahead.
A Brake gently and repeatedly
B Drive at a slow speed in the highest gear possible
C Drive in a low gear at all times
D Use the parking brake if the wheels start to slip
Correct Answer: B Drive at a slow speed in the highest gear possible
Explanation: If you're travelling on an icy road, extra caution will be required to avoid loss of control. Keeping your speed down and using the highest gear possible will reduce the risk of the tyres losing their grip on this slippery surface.
A The driver
B The road
C The vehicle
D The weather
Correct Answer: A The driver
Explanation: Skidding is usually caused by driver error. You should always adjust your driving to take account of the road and weather conditions.
A Apply your parking brake
B Coast into the bend
C Firmly use your footbrake
D Slow down gently
Correct Answer: D Slow down gently
Explanation: Harsh use of the accelerator, brakes or steering is likely to lead to skidding, especially on slippery surfaces. Avoid steering and braking at the same time. In icy conditions, it's very important that you constantly assess what's ahead so that you can take appropriate action in plenty of time.
Correct Answer: D The windows
Explanation: Driving in bad weather increases your risk of having a collision. If you absolutely have to travel, clear your lights, mirrors, number plates and windows of any snow or ice, so that you can see and be seen.
A Using a high engine speed
B Using a higher gear than normal
C Using the car's lowest gear
D Using the parking brake and footbrake together
Correct Answer: B Using a higher gear than normal
Explanation: If you attempt to move off in a low gear, there'll be more torque (turning force) at the driven wheels than if you use a higher gear. More torque makes it easier for the tyres to lose grip and so spin the wheels.
A Be ready to steer sharply
B Brake firmly and quickly
C Brake gently in plenty of time
D Use sidelights only
Correct Answer: C Brake gently in plenty of time
Explanation: In snowy conditions, be careful with the steering, accelerator and brakes. Braking sharply while you're driving on snow is likely to make your car skid.
A Improved grip on the road
B Improved passenger comfort
C Lower fuel consumption
D Shorter stopping distances
Correct Answer: A Improved grip on the road
Explanation: By driving all four wheels, the vehicle has maximum grip on the road. This grip is especially helpful when travelling on slippery or uneven surfaces. However, having four-wheel drive doesn't replace the skills you need to drive safely.
A Select a high gear and use the brakes carefully
B Select a high gear and use the brakes firmly
C Select a low gear and avoid using the brakes
D Select a low gear and use the brakes carefully
Correct Answer: D Select a low gear and use the brakes carefully
Explanation: When driving down a steep hill, gravity will cause your vehicle to speed up. This will make it more difficult for you to stop. To help keep your vehicle's speed under control, select a lower gear to give you more engine braking and make careful use of the brakes.
A Park close to the bumper of another car
B Park with two wheels on the kerb
C Turn the steering wheel away from the kerb
D Turn the steering wheel towards the kerb
Correct Answer: D Turn the steering wheel towards the kerb
Explanation: Turning the wheels towards the kerb will allow them to act as a chock, preventing any forward movement of the vehicle. It will also help to leave your car in gear, or select 'Park' if you have an automatic.
A Check your mirror and slow down
B Move across to the left-hand side of the road
C Stop and check both pavements
D Wait for any pedestrians to cross
Correct Answer: A Check your mirror and slow down
Explanation: Many towns have road humps as part of traffic-calming measures, designed to slow down traffic. Reduce your speed when driving over them. If you go too fast, you could lose control or damage your car. Look out for pedestrians or cyclists while you're driving in these areas.
Correct Answer: C Loose
Explanation: Poor contact with the road surface could cause one or more of the tyres to lose grip on the road. This is more likely to happen when braking in poor weather conditions and when the road has a loose, slippery or uneven surface.
A Rapidly and firmly
B Rapidly and gently
C Slowly and gently
D Slowly but firmly
Correct Answer: A Rapidly and firmly
Explanation: You may have to stop in an emergency due to a misjudgement by another driver or a hazard arising suddenly, such as a child running out into the road. If your vehicle has anti-lock brakes, you should apply the brakes immediately and keep them firmly applied until you stop.
A Accelerate briskly
B Check your tyre pressures
C Switch on your hazard warning lights
D Test your brakes
Correct Answer: D Test your brakes
Explanation: If your brakes have been thoroughly soaked, you should check that they're working properly before you build up speed again. Before you do this, remember to check your mirrors and consider what's behind you.
A There's less engine noise
B There's less transmission noise
C There's less tyre noise
D There's less wind noise
Correct Answer: C There's less tyre noise
Explanation: Drive extremely carefully when the roads are icy. When travelling on ice, tyres make virtually no noise and the steering feels light and unresponsive. In icy conditions, be very gentle when braking, accelerating and steering.
A The engine noise will increase
B The engine will stall
C The steering will feel very heavy
D The steering will feel very light
Correct Answer: D The steering will feel very light
Explanation: If you drive at speed in very wet conditions, your steering may suddenly feel lighter than usual. This means that the tyres have lifted off the surface of the road and are floating on the surface of the water. This is known as aquaplaning. Reduce speed but don't brake until your steering returns to normal.
A At night
B In fog
C In strong winds
D In the rain
Correct Answer: D In the rain
Explanation: Extra care should be taken in wet weather. On wet roads, your stopping distance could be double that in dry conditions.
A A two-second time gap
B One car length
C Two car lengths
D Two metres (6 feet 6 inches)
Correct Answer: A A two-second time gap
Explanation: One way of checking there's a safe distance between you and the vehicle in front is to use the two-second rule. To check for a two-second time gap, choose a stationary object ahead, such as a bridge or road sign. When the car in front passes the object, say 'Only a fool breaks the two-second rule'. If you reach the object before you finish saying the phrase, you're too close and need to increase the gap.
A By changing to a higher gear
B By changing to a lower gear
C By selecting neutral gear
D By selecting reverse gear
Correct Answer: B By changing to a lower gear
Explanation: When driving on downhill stretches of road, selecting a lower gear gives increased engine braking. This will prevent excessive use of the brakes, which become less effective if they overheat.
A Apply the parking brake to reduce the stopping distance
B Brake normally but grip the steering wheel tightly
C Brake promptly and firmly until you've stopped
D Keep pumping the footbrake to prevent skidding
Correct Answer: C Brake promptly and firmly until you've stopped
Explanation: If you have ABS and need to stop in an emergency, keep your foot firmly on the brake pedal until the vehicle has stopped. When the ABS operates, you may hear a grating sound and feel vibration through the brake pedal. This is normal and you should maintain pressure on the brake pedal until the vehicle stops.
A Dipped headlights
B Hazard warning lights
C Rear fog lights
D Sidelights
Correct Answer: A Dipped headlights
Explanation: When surface spray reduces visibility, switch on your headlights on dipped beam. This will help other road users to see you.
A Easier steering
B Improvement in control
C Increased fuel consumption
D Reduction in control
Correct Answer: D Reduction in control
Explanation: Coasting is the term used when the clutch is held down, or the gear lever is in neutral, and the vehicle is allowed to freewheel. This reduces the driver's control of the vehicle. When you coast, the engine can't drive the wheels to stabilise you through a corner, or give the assistance of engine braking to help slow the car.
A Allow more time
B Have a caffeinated drink
C Reduce your tyre pressures
D Wear a hi-visibility jacket
Correct Answer: A Allow more time
Explanation: Don't venture out if your journey isn't necessary. If you have to travel and someone is expecting you at the other end, let them know that you'll be taking longer than usual for your journey. This will stop them worrying if you don't turn up on time and will also take the pressure off you, so you don't feel you have to rush.
A Pass closely
B Pass immediately
C Pass very slowly
D Pass widely
Correct Answer: D Pass widely
Explanation: In strong winds, riders of two-wheeled vehicles are particularly vulnerable. When you overtake them, allow plenty of room. Check to the left as you pass to make sure they're safe.