Theory Driving Test

You have 57 minutes to answer 50 multiple choice theory driving test questions. At least 43 out of 50 questions must be answered correctly in order to pass the test. Answers may be reviewed after each question or you can wait until the end of the test for your final score. Good luck!

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A Give way to pedestrians already on the crossing
B Give way to pedestrians waiting to cross
C Stop and wait for the green light
D Stop and wait for the red light
Correct Answer: A Give way to pedestrians already on the crossing
Explanation: Pelican crossings are signal-controlled crossings operated by pedestrians. Push-button controls change the signals. Pelican crossings have no red-and-amber stage before green; instead, they have a flashing amber light. This means you must give way to pedestrians who are on the crossing but if the crossing is clear you can continue.
A Accelerating rapidly
B Driving more slowly
C Late and heavy braking
D Staying in lower gears
Correct Answer: B Driving more slowly
Explanation: Harsh braking, frequent gear changes and harsh acceleration increase fuel consumption. A car uses less fuel when travelling at a constant low speed in an appropriate high gear. You need to look well ahead so you're able to anticipate hazards early. Easing off the accelerator and timing your approach at junctions, for example, can reduce the fuel consumption of your vehicle.
A Keep in the middle of the road
B Keep just left of the middle of the road
C Keep well to the left of the road
D Swing out to the right just before turning
Correct Answer: C Keep well to the left of the road
Explanation: Your road position can help other road users to anticipate your actions. Keep to the left as you approach a left turn and don't swing out into the centre of the road in order to make the turn easier. This could endanger oncoming traffic and may cause other road users to misunderstand your intentions.
A If there are no pedestrians nearby
B To gain access to a property
C To overtake slow-moving traffic
D When the pavement is very wide
Correct Answer: B To gain access to a property
Explanation: It's illegal to drive on or over a pavement, except to gain access to a property. If you need to cross a pavement, give priority to pedestrians.
A Accelerate quickly between the humps
B Always keep to the maximum legal speed
C Drive slowly at school times only
D Maintain a reduced speed throughout
Correct Answer: D Maintain a reduced speed throughout
Explanation: Road humps are there for a reason - to protect vulnerable road users by reducing the speed of traffic. Don't accelerate harshly between the humps. Put the safety of others first and maintain a reduced speed throughout the zone.
A At a mini-roundabout
B At a railway crossing
C On a motorway
D On a pedestrian crossing
Correct Answer: A At a mini-roundabout
Explanation: These markings show the direction in which the traffic should go at a mini-roundabout.
A Ask your local garage
B Check your vehicle handbook
C Consult a travel agent
D Use a route planner on the internet
Correct Answer: D Use a route planner on the internet
Explanation: Various route planners are available on the internet. Most of them give you several options, allowing you to choose between the most direct route and quieter roads. They may also identify rest and fuel stops. Print off the directions and take them with you.
A Drug companies want customer feedback on their products
B Some types of medicine can affect your ability to drive safely
C The medicine you take may affect your hearing
D You may have to let your insurance company know about the medicine
Correct Answer: B Some types of medicine can affect your ability to drive safely
Explanation: Always check the label or information leaflet for any medication you take. The medicine might affect your driving. If you aren't sure, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: You need to know the difference between the normal centre line and a hazard warning line. If there's a hazard ahead, the markings are longer and the gaps shorter. This gives you advance warning of an unspecified hazard.
A A valid driving licence
B The handbook
C The vehicle's chassis number
D Valid insurance
Correct Answer: D Valid insurance
Explanation: You can renew your vehicle tax online, at post offices and by phone using the DVLA vehicle tax service. When applying, make sure you have all the relevant valid documents, including a valid MOT test certificate where applicable.
A A broken-down vehicle
B A private ambulance
C A school bus
D An ice-cream van
Correct Answer: C A school bus
Explanation: Buses which carry children to and from school may stop at places other than scheduled bus stops. Be aware that they might pull over at any time to allow children to get on or off. This will normally be when traffic is heavy during rush hour.
A Move over to the left
B Pull up on the left
C Stop immediately
D Turn left at the next junction
Correct Answer: B Pull up on the left
Explanation: You must pull up on the left as soon as it's safe to do so and switch off your engine.
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: There may be occasions when drivers need to give an arm signal to confirm their intentions. This could include in bright sunshine, at a complex road layout, when stopping at a pedestrian crossing or when turning right just after passing a parked vehicle. You should understand what each arm signal means. If you give arm signals, make them clear, correct and decisive.
A Children may run out from between the vehicles
B So that oncoming traffic can see you more clearly
C There may be delivery lorries on the street
D You may set off car alarms
Correct Answer: A Children may run out from between the vehicles
Explanation: Travel slowly and carefully near parked vehicles. Beware of
  • vehicles pulling out, especially bicycles and motorcycles
  • pedestrians, especially children, who may run out from between cars
  • drivers opening their doors.

A The condition of the tyres
B The speed limit
C The street lighting
D The time of day
Correct Answer: A The condition of the tyres
Explanation: Having tyres correctly inflated and in good condition will ensure they have maximum grip on the road; how well your tyres grip the road has a significant effect on your car's stopping distance.
A When you change to a higher gear
B When you change to a lower gear
C When you only use the parking brake
D When you're in neutral
Correct Answer: B When you change to a lower gear
Explanation: When you take your foot off the accelerator, engines have a natural resistance to turn, caused mainly by the cylinder compression. Changing to a lower gear requires the engine to turn faster and so it will have greater resistance than when it's made to turn more slowly. When going downhill, changing to a lower gear will therefore help to keep the vehicle's speed in check.
A Eight times the normal distance
B Four times the normal distance
C Six times the normal distance
D Ten times the normal distance
Correct Answer: D Ten times the normal distance
Explanation: Don't travel in icy or snowy weather unless your journey is essential. Drive extremely carefully when roads are or may be icy. Stopping distances can be ten times greater than on dry roads.
A Increase your speed to clear the area quickly
B Keep up your speed and sound the horn
C Reduce speed until you're clear of the area
D Wait at the lights until they stop flashing
Correct Answer: C Reduce speed until you're clear of the area
Explanation: The flashing amber lights are switched on to warn you that children may be crossing near a school. Slow down and take extra care, as you may have to stop.
A To avoid damage to the indicator relay
B To avoid dazzling other road users
C To avoid flattening the battery
D To avoid misleading other road users
Correct Answer: D To avoid misleading other road users
Explanation: Leaving your indicators on could confuse other road users and may even lead to a crash. Be aware that if you haven't turned sharply, your indicators may not self-cancel and you'll need to turn them off manually.
A Centre
B Either the right or centre
C Left
D Right
Correct Answer: C Left
Explanation: On a three-lane motorway, you should travel in the left-hand lane unless you're overtaking. This applies regardless of the speed at which you're travelling.
A Get out and check
B Rev your engine
C Reverse slowly
D Sound your horn
Correct Answer: A Get out and check
Explanation: A small child could be hidden directly behind you, so, if you can't see all around your vehicle, get out and have a look. You could also ask someone reliable outside the vehicle to guide you.
A They give a wider field of vision
B They make it easier to judge the speed of the traffic behind
C They make the traffic behind look bigger
D They totally cover blind spots
Correct Answer: A They give a wider field of vision
Explanation: Although a convex mirror gives a wide view of the scene behind, you should be aware that it won't show you everything behind or to the side of your vehicle. Before you move off, you'll need to look over your shoulder to check for anything not visible in the mirrors.
A 10,000 miles
B 30,000 miles
C One year after the date it was issued
D Three years after the date it was issued
Correct Answer: C One year after the date it was issued
Explanation: Some garages will remind you that your vehicle is due for its annual MOT test, but not all do. To ensure continuous cover, you may take your vehicle for its MOT up to one month before its existing MOT certificate expires. The expiry date on the new certificate will be 12 months after the expiry date on the old certificate.
A When you're accelerating
B When you're braking
C When you're coasting
D When you're turning sharply
Correct Answer: A When you're accelerating
Explanation: Accelerating uses a lot of fuel, so always try to use the accelerator smoothly. Taking your foot off the accelerator allows the momentum of the car to take you forward, especially when going downhill. This can save a considerable amount of fuel without any loss of control over the vehicle.
A You must have a stabiliser fitted
B You mustn't exceed 50 mph
C You mustn't overtake
D You mustn't use the right-hand lane
Correct Answer: D You mustn't use the right-hand lane
Explanation: The motorway regulations for towing a trailer state that you mustn't
  • use the right-hand lane of a three-lane motorway unless directed to do so (for example, at roadworks or due to a lane closure)
  • exceed 60 mph.

A Motorway contraflow system ahead
B Traffic approaching you has priority
C Two-way traffic crosses a one-way road
D Two-way traffic straight ahead
Correct Answer: D Two-way traffic straight ahead
Explanation: This sign may be at the end of a dual carriageway or a one-way street. It's there to warn you of oncoming traffic.
A They may drive in the lane at any time
B They may park in the lane
C They may use the lane when necessary
D They mustn't drive along the lane
Correct Answer: D They mustn't drive along the lane
Explanation: While it's in operation, other vehicles must not use this part of the carriageway except to pick up or set down passengers. At other times, when the lane isn't in operation, you should still be aware that there may be cyclists using the lane. Give them plenty of room as you pass and allow for their movement from side to side, especially in windy weather or on a bumpy road.
A On a busy stretch of road
B On a long, straight road
C On a narrow country lane
D On an open stretch of road
Correct Answer: D On an open stretch of road
Explanation: In windy conditions, care must be taken on exposed roads. A strong gust of wind can blow you off course. Watch out for other road users who are particularly likely to be affected, such as cyclists, motorcyclists, high-sided lorries and vehicles towing trailers.
A To help prevent damage to the road surface
B To help prevent skidding in deep snow
C To help prevent the brakes locking
D To help prevent wear to the tyres
Correct Answer: B To help prevent skidding in deep snow
Explanation: Chains can be fitted to your wheels in snowy conditions. They can help you to move off without wheelspin, or to keep moving in deep snow. You'll still need to adjust your driving to suit these conditions.
A By increasing the number of cars on the road
B By reducing exhaust emissions
C Through increased fuel bills
D Through the legal enforcement of speed regulations
Correct Answer: B By reducing exhaust emissions
Explanation: Fuel-efficient driving is all about looking and planning further ahead. This helps raise your hazard awareness and reduces the need for late and heavy braking. This will make your journeys more comfortable, as well as considerably reducing your fuel bills and reducing emissions that can damage the environment.
A Along the hard shoulder
B Before a junction
C Before a service area
D On a steep gradient
Correct Answer: D On a steep gradient
Explanation: Large, slow-moving vehicles can hinder the progress of other traffic. On a steep gradient, an extra crawler lane may be provided for slow-moving vehicles to allow faster-moving traffic to flow more easily.
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: To make it easy to recognise, the 'stop' sign is the only sign of this shape. You must stop and take effective observation before proceeding.
A Crossroads
B Give way
C Stop
D Turn right
Correct Answer: C Stop
Explanation: The 'stop' sign is the only road sign that's octagonal. This is so that it can be recognised and obeyed even if it's obscured (for example, by snow).
A The driver intends to turn left
B The driver intends to turn right
C The driver is slowing down
D The driver wishes to overtake
Correct Answer: A The driver intends to turn left
Explanation: There might be an occasion where another driver uses an arm signal. This may be because the vehicle's indicators are obscured by other traffic. In order for such signals to be effective, all drivers should know their meaning. Be aware that the 'left turn' signal might look similar to the 'slowing down' signal.
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: You should know the speed limit for the road on which you're travelling and the vehicle that you're driving. The different speed limits are shown in The Highway Code.
A Battery acid
B Distilled water
C Engine coolant
D Engine oil
Correct Answer: B Distilled water
Explanation: Some modern batteries are maintenance free. Check your vehicle handbook and, if necessary, make sure that the plates in each battery cell are covered with fluid.
A Keep a good distance from the vehicle ahead
B Stay close to the vehicle ahead to reduce queues
C Switch lanes to keep the traffic flowing
D Use dipped headlights
Correct Answer: A Keep a good distance from the vehicle ahead
Explanation: At roadworks, and especially where a contraflow system is operating, a speed restriction is likely to be in place. Keep to the lower speed limit and don't
  • switch lanes
  • get too close to the vehicle in front of you.
Be aware that there will be no permanent barrier between you and the oncoming traffic.
A Don't service it
B Drive faster than normal
C Keep engine revs low
D Only use it for short journeys
Correct Answer: C Keep engine revs low
Explanation: Engines that burn fossil fuels produce exhaust emissions that are harmful to health. The harder you make the engine work, the more emissions it will produce. Engines also use more fuel and produce higher levels of emissions when they're cold. Anything you can do to reduce your use of fossil fuels will help the environment.
A When you're driving above the speed limit
B When you're overtaking
C When you're trying to save fuel
D When you're turning right
Correct Answer: B When you're overtaking
Explanation: The right-hand lane of the motorway is for overtaking. Sometimes you may be directed into a right-hand lane as a result of roadworks or a traffic incident. This will be indicated by signs or officers directing the traffic.
A Pull up in this lane to answer your mobile phone
B This lane can be used if you need a rest
C Use this lane as a running lane
D You shouldn't travel in this lane
Correct Answer: D You shouldn't travel in this lane
Explanation: Some motorways have been redesigned as smart motorways. At certain times, the hard shoulder will be open as a running lane. However, a red cross above the hard shoulder shows that it isn't open as a running lane and should only be used for emergencies and breakdowns.
A Approaching a junction
B On a one-way street
C On a single carriageway
D Travelling up a long hill
Correct Answer: A Approaching a junction
Explanation: You should overtake only when it's really necessary and you can see it's clear ahead. Look out for road signs and markings that show it's illegal or would be unsafe to overtake; for example, approaching junctions or bends. In many cases, overtaking is unlikely to significantly improve your journey time.
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: If the road has two lanes, you can use either lane and overtake on either side. Use the lane that's more convenient for your destination unless signs or road markings indicate otherwise.
Correct Answer: C 60 mph
Explanation: The speed limit for cars towing caravans or trailers on dual carriageways or motorways is 60 mph. Due to the increased weight and size of the combination, you should plan further ahead. Take care in windy weather, as a strong side wind can make a caravan or large trailer unstable.
A Accelerate briskly
B Check your tyre pressures
C Switch on your hazard warning lights
D Test your brakes
Correct Answer: D Test your brakes
Explanation: If your brakes have been thoroughly soaked, you should check that they're working properly before you build up speed again. Before you do this, remember to check your mirrors and consider what's behind you.
A Change gear and pump the brake pedal
B Have the brakes checked as soon as possible
C Increase the pressure in your tyres
D Use your parking brake at the same time
Correct Answer: B Have the brakes checked as soon as possible
Explanation: The brakes on your vehicle must be effective and properly adjusted. If your vehicle pulls to one side when braking, take it to be checked by a qualified mechanic as soon as you can.
A The engine noise will increase
B The engine will stall
C The steering will feel very heavy
D The steering will feel very light
Correct Answer: D The steering will feel very light
Explanation: If you drive at speed in very wet conditions, your steering may suddenly feel lighter than usual. This means that the tyres have lifted off the surface of the road and are floating on the surface of the water. This is known as aquaplaning. Reduce speed but don't brake until your steering returns to normal.
A It improves judgement skills
B It increases concentration
C It increases confidence
D It leads to faster reactions
Correct Answer: C It increases confidence
Explanation: Alcohol can increase confidence to a point where your driving behaviour might become 'out of character'. Sensible behaviour might change to risk-taking behaviour. Never let yourself or your friends get into this situation.
A Accelerate hard
B Be ready to stop
C Brake hard
D Maintain your speed
Correct Answer: B Be ready to stop
Explanation: The longer traffic lights have been green, the sooner they'll change. Allow for this as you approach traffic lights that you know have been green for a while. They're likely to change soon, so you should be prepared to stop.
Correct Answer: D Motorcyclists
Explanation: Windscreen pillars can completely block your view of pedestrians, motorcyclists and cyclists. You should make a particular effort to look for these road users; don't just rely on a quick glance.
Correct Answer: C You, the driver
Explanation: Passengers should always be secured and safe. Children should be encouraged to fasten their seat belts or approved restraints themselves from an early age, so that it becomes a matter of routine. As the driver, you must check that they're fastened securely. It's your responsibility.