Theory Test Questions and Answers PDF

There are 50 questions in this free mock DVLA theory test. You have 57 minutes to complete the assessment. You must get a score of 43 out of 50 to pass. You may review your answers after each question or wait until the end of the test for your final mark. Best of luck! There is a downloadable PDF at the end of the test.

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A Bus drivers
B Lorry drivers
C Taxi drivers
D Tram drivers
Correct Answer: D Tram drivers
Explanation: These signs apply only to tram drivers, but you should know their meaning so that you're aware of the priorities and are able to anticipate the actions of the driver.
A Five times
B Ten times
C Three times
D Two times
Correct Answer: B Ten times
Explanation: Tyre grip is greatly reduced in icy conditions. For this reason, you need to allow up to ten times the stopping distance you would allow on dry roads.
A One-way street
B Parked vehicles
C Pedestrians
D Traffic congestion
Correct Answer: C Pedestrians
Explanation: Make sure that you've reduced your speed and are in the correct gear for the turn. Look into the road before you turn and always give way to any pedestrians who are crossing.
A By displaying a 'stop' sign
B By displaying a red light
C By giving you an arm signal
D By pointing to children waiting to cross
Correct Answer: A By displaying a 'stop' sign
Explanation: If a school crossing patrol steps out into the road with a 'stop' sign, you must stop. Don't wave anyone across the road and don't get impatient or rev your engine.
A It will be doubled
B It will be halved
C It will be no different
D It will be ten times greater
Correct Answer: A It will be doubled
Explanation: The road will be very wet and spray from other vehicles will reduce your visibility. Tyre grip will also be reduced, increasing your stopping distance. You should at least double your separation distance to make sure you can stop safely in the space you've allowed.
A National speed limit
B No entry
C School crossing patrol
D Waiting restrictions
Correct Answer: D Waiting restrictions
Explanation: This sign indicates that there are waiting restrictions. It's normally accompanied by details of when the restrictions are in force. Details of most signs in common use are shown in The Highway Code. For more comprehensive coverage, see Know Your Traffic Signs.
A When you have your sidelights on
B When you're in a one-way street
C When you're more than 10 metres (32 feet) from a junction
D When you're under a lamppost
Correct Answer: B When you're in a one-way street
Explanation: Red rear reflectors show up when headlights shine on them. These are useful when you're parked at night, but they'll only reflect if you park in the same direction as the traffic flow. Normally you should park on the left, but in a one-way street you may also park on the right-hand side of the road.
A Continue in that lane
B Force your way into the lane you need
C Stop until the area has cleared
D Use arm signals to help you change lane
Correct Answer: A Continue in that lane
Explanation: There are times when road markings are obscured by queuing traffic, or you're unsure which lane to use. If, at the last moment, you find you're in the wrong lane, don't cut across or bully other drivers to let you in. Follow the lane you're in and find somewhere safe to turn around and rejoin your route.
A '20 cars only' parking zone
B Maximum speed limit with traffic calming
C Minimum speed limit with traffic calming
D Only 20 cars allowed at any one time
Correct Answer: B Maximum speed limit with traffic calming
Explanation: If you're in a place where there are likely to be pedestrians (for example, outside a school, near a park, in a residential area or in a shopping area), you should be cautious and keep your speed down. Many local authorities have taken steps to slow traffic down by creating traffic-calming measures such as road humps. They're there for a reason; slow down.
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Look for and obey traffic signs. Disobeying or not seeing a sign could be dangerous. It may also be an offence for which you could be prosecuted.
A Cattle grid ahead
B Gated road ahead
C Level crossing with gate or barrier
D Level crossing without gate or barrier
Correct Answer: C Level crossing with gate or barrier
Explanation: Some crossings have gates but no attendant or signals. You should stop, look both ways, listen and make sure that no train is approaching. If there's a telephone, contact the signal operator to make sure it's safe to cross.
A Amber signal out of order
B New traffic lights ahead
C Temporary traffic lights ahead
D Traffic lights out of order
Correct Answer: D Traffic lights out of order
Explanation: You might see this sign where traffic lights are out of order. Proceed with caution, as nobody has priority at the junction.
A Give way to traffic from the right
B Stop at the line
C Traffic from the left has right of way
D You have right of way
Correct Answer: A Give way to traffic from the right
Explanation: Slow down as you approach the roundabout and check for traffic from the right. If you need to stop and give way, stay behind the broken line until it's safe to emerge onto the roundabout.
A Accelerate hard
B Be ready to stop
C Brake hard
D Maintain your speed
Correct Answer: B Be ready to stop
Explanation: The longer traffic lights have been green, the sooner they'll change. Allow for this as you approach traffic lights that you know have been green for a while. They're likely to change soon, so you should be prepared to stop.
A Overtake the moped before the junction
B Pull alongside the moped and stay level until just before the junction
C Sound your horn as a warning and pull in front of the moped
D Stay behind until the moped has passed the junction
Correct Answer: D Stay behind until the moped has passed the junction
Explanation: Passing the moped and turning into the junction could mean that you cut across the front of the rider. This might force them to slow down, stop or even lose control. Stay behind the moped until it has passed the junction and then you can turn without affecting the rider.
A Go over it carefully
B Go over it quickly
C Stop before the barrier
D Switch on your hazard warning lights
Correct Answer: C Stop before the barrier
Explanation: At level crossings, the red lights flash before and while the barrier is down. At most crossings, an amber light will precede the red lights. You must stop behind the white line unless you've already crossed it when the amber light comes on. Don't be tempted to zigzag around half-barriers.
A Continue in that lane and look for further information
B Don't continue in that lane
C Pull onto the hard shoulder
D Stop and wait for an instruction to proceed
Correct Answer: B Don't continue in that lane
Explanation: A red cross above your lane shows that your lane is closed. You should move into another lane as soon as you can do so safely.
A Flash your headlights
B Overtake as soon as you can
C Slow down and stay behind
D Sound your horn
Correct Answer: C Slow down and stay behind
Explanation: Be patient and stay behind the car in front. You shouldn't normally overtake other vehicles in areas subject to traffic calming. If you overtake here, you may easily exceed the speed limit, defeating the purpose of the traffic-calming measures.
A Be prepared to give way to large vehicles in the middle of the road
B Find another route; this one is only for high vehicles
C Move across to the right-hand side before going through
D Move out to the centre of the road before going through
Correct Answer: A Be prepared to give way to large vehicles in the middle of the road
Explanation: Oncoming large vehicles may need to move to the middle of the road to pass safely under the bridge. There won't be enough room for you to continue, so you should be ready to stop and wait.
A Halfway up the battery
B Just above the cell plates
C Just below the cell plates
D The top of the battery
Correct Answer: B Just above the cell plates
Explanation: Top up the battery with distilled water and make sure each cell plate is covered.
A At a reduced speed
B At the speed limit
C In the centre of the road
D With headlights on dipped beam
Correct Answer: A At a reduced speed
Explanation: Traffic-calming measures such as road humps, chicanes and narrowings are intended to slow drivers down to protect vulnerable road users. Don't speed up until you reach the end of the traffic-calmed zone.
A Because it's hard to see to the right
B Because of animals crossing
C Because of approaching traffic
D Because of the level crossing
Correct Answer: D Because of the level crossing
Explanation: You should be slowing down and selecting the correct gear in case you have to stop at the level crossing. Look for the signals and be prepared to stop if necessary.
A All vehicles use the hard shoulder
B Leave the motorway at the next exit
C Sharp bend to the left ahead
D Stop: all lanes ahead closed
Correct Answer: B Leave the motorway at the next exit
Explanation: You'll see this sign if there has been an incident ahead and the motorway is closed. You must obey the sign. Make sure that you prepare to leave in good time. Don't cause drivers to take avoiding action by cutting in at the last moment.
A Two-way traffic crosses a one-way road
B Two-way traffic crosses a two-way road
C Two-way traffic over a bridge
D Two-way traffic straight ahead
Correct Answer: A Two-way traffic crosses a one-way road
Explanation: Be prepared for traffic approaching from junctions on either side of you. Try to avoid unnecessary changing of lanes just before the junction.
A Issue fixed penalty notices
B Repair broken-down vehicles on the motorway
C Stop and arrest drivers who break the law
D Stop and direct anyone on a motorway
Correct Answer: D Stop and direct anyone on a motorway
Explanation: Traffic officers don't have enforcement powers but are able to stop and direct people on motorways and some 'A' class roads. They operate in England and Wales and work in partnership with the police at incidents, providing a highly trained and visible service. They're recognised by an orange-and-yellow jacket and their vehicle has yellow-and-black markings.
A The licensing authority
B The registered vehicle keeper
C The vehicle manufacturer
D Your insurance company
Correct Answer: B The registered vehicle keeper
Explanation: It's your legal responsibility to keep the details on your vehicle registration certificate (V5C) up to date. You should tell the licensing authority about any changes. These include your name, address or vehicle details. If you don't do this, you may have problems when you try to sell your vehicle.
A Briefly sound your horn
B Go very slowly
C Herd them to the side of the road
D Pass quickly but quietly
Correct Answer: B Go very slowly
Explanation: Slow down and be ready to stop if you see animals in the road ahead. Animals are easily frightened by noise and vehicles passing too close to them. Stop if you're signalled to do so by the person in charge.
A Give them a warm drink
B Give them something to eat
C Keep them on the move by walking them around
D Keep them warm and comfortable
Correct Answer: D Keep them warm and comfortable
Explanation: There are a number of things you can do to help, even without expert training. Be aware of further danger from other traffic and fire; make sure the area is safe. People may be in shock. Don't give them anything to eat or drink. Keep them warm and comfortable and reassure them. Don't move injured people unless there's a risk of further danger.
A Apply firm pressure over the wound
B Dab the wound to stop the bleeding
C Give them a warm drink
D Keep the casualty's legs flat on the ground
Correct Answer: A Apply firm pressure over the wound
Explanation: You should protect yourself from exposure to blood, and then apply firm pressure over the wound to stem the flow of blood. As soon as practical, fasten a pad to the wound with a bandage or length of cloth. Use the cleanest material available.
A Your radio reception might be affected
B Your sun visor might get tangled
C Your view could be obstructed
D Your windscreen could mist up more easily
Correct Answer: C Your view could be obstructed
Explanation: Ensure that you can see clearly through the windscreen of your vehicle. Stickers or hanging objects could obstruct your view or draw your attention away from the road.
A Using a high engine speed
B Using a higher gear than normal
C Using the car's lowest gear
D Using the parking brake and footbrake together
Correct Answer: B Using a higher gear than normal
Explanation: If you attempt to move off in a low gear, there'll be more torque (turning force) at the driven wheels than if you use a higher gear. More torque makes it easier for the tyres to lose grip and so spin the wheels.
A Check your mirror and slow down
B Move across to the left-hand side of the road
C Stop and check both pavements
D Wait for any pedestrians to cross
Correct Answer: A Check your mirror and slow down
Explanation: Many towns have road humps as part of traffic-calming measures, designed to slow down traffic. Reduce your speed when driving over them. If you go too fast, you could lose control or damage your car. Look out for pedestrians or cyclists while you're driving in these areas.
A Avoid driving on motorways
B Get someone else to drive
C Never drive at more than 30 mph
D Only drive if someone is with you
Correct Answer: B Get someone else to drive
Explanation: You shouldn't drive if you're taking medicine that could cause you to feel drowsy at the wheel. Ask someone else to drive or, if that isn't possible, find another way to get home.
A Drive in front of them
B Edge forward slowly
C Sound your horn
D Wait for them to finish crossing
Correct Answer: D Wait for them to finish crossing
Explanation: At a pelican crossing, the green light means you may proceed as long as the crossing is clear. If someone hasn't finished crossing, be patient and wait for them, whether they're disabled or not.
A Keep close to the motorcyclist
B Keep well back
C Overtake the motorcyclist immediately
D Stay level with the motorcyclist
Correct Answer: B Keep well back
Explanation: Windy weather affects motorcyclists more than other vehicles. In windy conditions, high-sided vehicles cause air turbulence. You should keep well back, as the motorcyclist could be blown off course.
A Be wary of a sudden gust
B Drive alongside very closely
C Expect normal conditions
D Increase your speed
Correct Answer: A Be wary of a sudden gust
Explanation: The draught caused by other vehicles - particularly those with high sides - could be strong enough to push you out of your lane. Be prepared for a sudden gust of wind as you overtake large vehicles. Keep both hands on the steering wheel to help you keep full control.
A Park in a bay and not pay
B Park in a bay and pay
C Park on yellow lines and not pay
D Park on yellow lines and pay
Correct Answer: B Park in a bay and pay
Explanation: Parking restrictions apply in a variety of places and situations. Make sure you know the rules and understand where and when restrictions apply. Controlled parking areas will be indicated by signs and road markings. Parking in the wrong place could cause an obstruction and danger to other traffic. It can also result in a fine.
A As far as it takes to reverse around a corner
B No further than is necessary
C No more than a car's length
D The length of a residential street
Correct Answer: B No further than is necessary
Explanation: You mustn't reverse further than is necessary. You may decide to turn your vehicle around by reversing into an opening or side road. When you reverse, always look all around you and watch for pedestrians. Don't reverse from a side road into a main road.
A There's less engine noise
B There's less transmission noise
C There's less tyre noise
D There's less wind noise
Correct Answer: C There's less tyre noise
Explanation: Drive extremely carefully when the roads are icy. When travelling on ice, tyres make virtually no noise and the steering feels light and unresponsive. In icy conditions, be very gentle when braking, accelerating and steering.
A Calm down
B Have an alcoholic drink
C Open a window
D Turn on your radio
Correct Answer: A Calm down
Explanation: If you're feeling upset or angry, you'll find it much more difficult to concentrate on your driving. You should wait until you've calmed down before starting a journey.
A They must be accompanied on their first motorway journey
B They must display green L plates
C They must have a new photograph taken for their full licence
D They must have valid motor insurance
Correct Answer: D They must have valid motor insurance
Explanation: It's your responsibility to make sure you're properly insured for the vehicle you're driving. This is the case regardless of whether you're a newly qualified driver or one with more experience.
A In a garage
B In a quiet car park
C Near a red route
D On a busy road
Correct Answer: A In a garage
Explanation: If you have a garage, use it. Your vehicle is less likely to be a victim of car crime if it's in a garage. Also, in winter, the windows will be kept free from ice and snow.
A Pour it down a drain
B Put it in your dustbin
C Take it to a local-authority site
D Tip it into a hole in the ground
Correct Answer: C Take it to a local-authority site
Explanation: It's illegal to pour engine oil down any drain. Oil is a pollutant and harmful to wildlife. Dispose of it safely at an authorised site.
A Close your sunroof
B Switch off your radio
C Switch on your windscreen wipers
D Take off your sunglasses
Correct Answer: D Take off your sunglasses
Explanation: If you're wearing sunglasses, you should remove them before driving into a tunnel. If you don't, your vision will be restricted, even in tunnels that appear to be well lit.
A Check that you've used a locking filler cap
B Check that your filler cap is securely fastened
C Check that your fuel gauge is working
D Check that your tank is only three-quarters full
Correct Answer: B Check that your filler cap is securely fastened
Explanation: When learning to drive, it's a good idea to practise filling your car with fuel. Ask your instructor if you can use a petrol station and fill the fuel tank yourself. You need to know where the filler cap is on the car you're driving, so you know which side of the pump to park at. Take care not to overfill the tank and make sure you secure the filler cap correctly, so that no fuel leaks onto the road while you're driving.
A In the air filter
B In the fuel tank
C On the cooling system
D On the exhaust system
Correct Answer: D On the exhaust system
Explanation: Although carbon dioxide is still produced, a catalytic converter fitted to the exhaust system reduces the toxic and polluting gases by up to 90%.
A A vehicle overtaking you
B Mud on the road
C Pedestrians walking towards you
D The road getting narrower
Correct Answer: C Pedestrians walking towards you
Explanation: Pedestrians walking on a road with no pavement should walk against the direction of the traffic. You can't see around this bend and if pedestrians are in the road you need to be able to deal with the situation safely. Always keep this in mind and give yourself time to react if a hazard does appear.
A Breakaway cable
B Corner steadies
C Jockey wheel
D Stabiliser
Correct Answer: A Breakaway cable
Explanation: In the event that the trailer becomes detached from the towing vehicle, the breakaway cable activates the trailer brakes before snapping. This allows the towing vehicle to get free of the trailer and out of danger.
A Always drive accompanied
B Avoid using motorways
C Inform the licensing authority
D Inform your local police
Correct Answer: C Inform the licensing authority
Explanation: You must tell DVLA (or DVA in Northern Ireland) if your health is likely to affect your ability to drive. The licensing authority will investigate your situation and then make a decision on whether you're fit enough to drive safely.
A Covered with plastic sheeting
B Loaded towards the rear of the vehicle
C Securely fastened with suitable restraints
D Visible in your exterior mirror
Correct Answer: C Securely fastened with suitable restraints
Explanation: Any load must be securely fastened to the vehicle. The safest way to carry items on the roof is in a specially designed roof box. This will help to keep your luggage secure and dry, and it also has less wind resistance than loads carried exposed on a roof rack.