Theory Test Questions and Answers

There are 50 theory questions and answers in this free mock car theory test. You have 57 minutes to complete the assessment. You must get a score of 43 out of 50 to pass. You may review your answers after each question or wait until the end of the test for your final mark. Best of luck!

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A Your ability to judge speed will be reduced
B Your awareness of danger will be improved
C Your confidence will be reduced
D Your reactions will be faster
Correct Answer: A Your ability to judge speed will be reduced
Explanation: Alcohol will severely reduce your ability to drive or ride safely and there are serious consequences if you're caught over the drink-drive limit. It's known that alcohol can
  • affect your judgement
  • cause overconfidence
  • reduce coordination and control.

A To give directions
B To give information
C To give orders
D To give warnings
Correct Answer: D To give warnings
Explanation: Triangular signs warns you of hazards ahead. Make sure you look at each sign that you pass on the road, so that you don't miss any vital instructions or information.
A Dipped headlights
B Front fog lights
C Headlights and fog lights
D Rear fog lights
Correct Answer: A Dipped headlights
Explanation: Only use your fog lights when visibility is seriously reduced. Use dipped headlights in poor conditions because this helps other road users to see you without the risk of causing dazzle.
A End of the urban clearway restrictions
B No parking at all from Monday to Friday
C No parking on the days and times shown
D You can park on the days and times shown
Correct Answer: C No parking on the days and times shown
Explanation: Urban clearways are provided to keep traffic flowing at busy times. You may stop only briefly to set down or pick up passengers. Times of operation will vary from place to place, so always check the signs.
A When an audible warning device is used
B When they aren't as bright as the headlights
C When they're fitted above the bumper
D When visibility is seriously reduced
Correct Answer: D When visibility is seriously reduced
Explanation: Your fog lights must only be used when visibility is reduced to 100 metres (328 feet) or less. You need to be familiar with the layout of your dashboard so you're aware if your fog lights have been switched on in error, or you've forgotten to switch them off.
A Continue driving at the same speed and flash your headlights
B Continue driving at the same speed and sound your horn
C Slow down and be prepared to stop for children
D Stop and wave the children across to fetch their ball
Correct Answer: C Slow down and be prepared to stop for children
Explanation: Beware of children playing in the street and running out into the road. If a ball bounces out from the pavement, slow down and be prepared to stop. Don't encourage anyone to retrieve it. Other road users may not see your signal and you might lead a child into a dangerous situation.
A To check for emerging traffic
B To check for overtaking vehicles
C To look for pedestrians about to cross
D To make sure the side road is clear
Correct Answer: B To check for overtaking vehicles
Explanation: A motorcyclist could be riding along the outside of the queue. Always check your mirror before turning, as situations behind you can change while you've been waiting to turn.
A If you think you'll be involved in a road rage incident
B In cases of emergency or breakdown
C To make a private phone call
D To stop and check where you are
Correct Answer: B In cases of emergency or breakdown
Explanation: On smart motorways, emergency refuge areas are built at the side of the hard shoulder. If you break down, try to get your vehicle into the refuge, where there's an emergency telephone. The phone connects directly to a control centre. Remember to take care when rejoining the motorway, especially if the hard shoulder is being used as a running lane.
A At any time in a built-up area
B Between 10.00 pm and 6.00 am in a built-up area
C Between 11.30 pm and 6.00 am on any road
D Between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am in a built-up area
Correct Answer: D Between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am in a built-up area
Explanation: Every effort must be made to prevent excessive noise, especially in built-up areas at night. Don't rev your engine or sound the horn unnecessarily. It's illegal to sound your horn in a built-up area between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am, except when another road user poses a danger.
A
B
C
D
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: To make it easy to recognise, the 'stop' sign is the only sign of this shape. You must stop and take effective observation before proceeding.
A No overtaking
B No parking
C The approach to a hazard
D The edge of the carriageway
Correct Answer: D The edge of the carriageway
Explanation: A continuous white line is used on many roads to indicate the edge of the carriageway. This can be useful when visibility is restricted. The line is discontinued at junctions, lay-bys, and entrances to or exits from private drives.
A Pedestrians might come from behind the bus
B The bus might have broken down
C The bus might move off suddenly
D The bus might remain stationary
Correct Answer: A Pedestrians might come from behind the bus
Explanation: If you see a bus ahead, watch out for pedestrians. They might not be able to see you if they're behind the bus.
A They'll dazzle other drivers
B They'll make drivers behind keep back
C They'll make it safer when towing a trailer
D They'll protect you from larger vehicles
Correct Answer: A They'll dazzle other drivers
Explanation: Rear fog lights shine more brightly than normal rear lights, so that they show up in reduced visibility. When the visibility improves, you must switch them off; this stops them dazzling the driver behind.
A Carry on, assuming it's clear
B Check the mirrors only
C Get out and check
D Look through the rear window only
Correct Answer: C Get out and check
Explanation: If you can't tell whether there's anything behind you, it's always safest to check before reversing. There may be a small child or a low obstruction close behind your car.
A Dipped headlights
B Hazard warning lights
C Rear fog lights
D Sidelights
Correct Answer: A Dipped headlights
Explanation: When surface spray reduces visibility, switch on your headlights on dipped beam. This will help other road users to see you.
A Be patient, as you expect them to make mistakes
B Immediately steer around them and drive on
C Start to rev your engine if they take too long to restart
D Stay very close behind and flash your headlights
Correct Answer: A Be patient, as you expect them to make mistakes
Explanation: Learning to drive is a process of practice and experience. Try to understand this and tolerate those who make mistakes while they're learning.
A Contraflow cycle lane
B Cycles and buses only
C No cycles or buses
D With-flow cycle lane
Correct Answer: D With-flow cycle lane
Explanation: Usually, a picture of a cycle will also be painted on the road, and sometimes the lane will have a different coloured surface. Leave these areas clear for cyclists and don't pass too closely when you overtake.
A Using a mobile phone
B Using the demisters
C Using the mirrors
D Using the windscreen wipers
Correct Answer: A Using a mobile phone
Explanation: Except for emergencies, it's illegal to use a hand-held mobile phone while you're driving. Even using a hands-free kit can severely distract your attention.
Correct Answer: C Cycles
Explanation: The narrow wheels of a bicycle can become stuck in the tram rails, causing the cyclist to stop suddenly, wobble or even lose balance altogether. The tramlines are also slippery, which could cause a cyclist to slide or fall off.
A Accelerate and keep to the middle
B Accelerate and look to the left
C Slow down and keep to the right
D Slow down and look both ways
Correct Answer: D Slow down and look both ways
Explanation: Be cautious, especially when your view is restricted by hedges, bushes, walls, large vehicles, etc. In the summer months, these junctions can become more difficult to deal with, because growing foliage may further obscure your view.
A Accelerate until it stabilises
B Brake hard and hold the pedal down
C Ease off the accelerator to reduce your speed
D Let go of the steering wheel and let it correct itself
Correct Answer: C Ease off the accelerator to reduce your speed
Explanation: Strong winds or buffeting from large vehicles can cause a trailer or caravan to swing from side to side ('snake'). If this happens, ease off the accelerator. Don't brake harshly, steer sharply or increase your speed.
A Cycle parking only
B Cycle route ahead
C End of cycle route
D No cycling
Correct Answer: B Cycle route ahead
Explanation: More people are cycling today and cycle routes are being extended in our towns and cities to provide safe cycling routes. Respect the presence of cyclists on the road and give them plenty of room if you need to pass.
A Leave at the next exit
B Pull onto the hard shoulder
C Slow down and watch for further signals
D Stop and wait
Correct Answer: D Stop and wait
Explanation: A red cross signal above all lanes mean you must stop and wait. Don't change lanes and don't try to continue any further along the motorway.
A Park close to the bumper of another car
B Park with two wheels on the kerb
C Turn the steering wheel away from the kerb
D Turn the steering wheel towards the kerb
Correct Answer: D Turn the steering wheel towards the kerb
Explanation: Turning the wheels towards the kerb will allow them to act as a chock, preventing any forward movement of the vehicle. It will also help to leave your car in gear, or select 'Park' if you have an automatic.
A Always straight away
B Always, unless they're in shock
C Only when it's essential
D Only when the motorcyclist asks
Correct Answer: C Only when it's essential
Explanation: Don't remove a motorcyclist's helmet unless it's essential. Remember they may be suffering from shock. Don't give them anything to eat or drink, but do reassure them confidently.
A Flushed complexion
B Rapid shallow breathing
C Slow pulse
D Warm dry skin
Correct Answer: B Rapid shallow breathing
Explanation: The effects of shock may not be immediately obvious. Warning signs to look for include
  • a rapid pulse
  • sweating
  • pale grey skin
  • rapid shallow breathing.

A The hard shoulder can be used as a running lane
B You can park on the hard shoulder if you feel tired
C You can pull up in this lane to answer a mobile phone
D You shouldn't travel in this lane
Correct Answer: A The hard shoulder can be used as a running lane
Explanation: A mandatory speed-limit sign above the hard shoulder shows that this part of the road can be used as a running lane between junctions. You must stay within the speed limit. Look out for vehicles that may have broken down and could be blocking the hard shoulder.
A About 100%
B About 15%
C About 5%
D About 75%
Correct Answer: B About 15%
Explanation: Your vehicle will use less fuel if you avoid heavy acceleration. The higher the engine revs, the more fuel you'll use. Using the same gear, and covering the same distance, a vehicle travelling at 70 mph will use about 15% more fuel than it would at 50 mph. However, don't travel so slowly that you inconvenience or endanger other road users.
A Looking at road maps
B Looking in your door mirror
C Switching on your demister
D Using your windscreen washers
Correct Answer: A Looking at road maps
Explanation: Looking at road maps while driving is very dangerous. If you aren't sure of your route, stop in a safe place and check the map. You must not allow anything to take your attention away from the road while you're driving.
A When you need to use a mobile telephone
B When you need to walk and get fresh air
C When you wish to pick up hitchhikers
D When you're signalled to do so by traffic signals
Correct Answer: D When you're signalled to do so by traffic signals
Explanation: You must stop if overhead gantry signs show a red cross above every lane on the motorway. If any of the other lanes doesn't show a red cross, you may move into that lane and continue if it's safe to do so.
A The brakes
B The engine
C The gearbox
D The tyres
Correct Answer: D The tyres
Explanation: Turning the steering wheel when the car isn't moving is known as dry steering. It can cause unnecessary wear to the tyres and steering mechanism.
A Cyclists can use it
B It's controlled by a traffic warden
C It's controlled by two flashing lights
D Moped riders can use it
Correct Answer: A Cyclists can use it
Explanation: Toucan crossings are shared by pedestrians and cyclists, who are permitted to cycle across. They're shown the green light together. The signals are push-button-operated and there's no flashing amber phase.
A Before a long journey
B Early in the morning
C Every time you drive the car
D When the engine is hot
Correct Answer: A Before a long journey
Explanation: An engine can use more oil during long journeys than on shorter trips. Insufficient engine oil is potentially dangerous: it can lead to excessive wear, mechanical breakdown and expensive repairs. Most cars have a dipstick to allow the oil level to be checked. If not, you should refer to the vehicle handbook.
Correct Answer: D Motorcyclists
Explanation: Windscreen pillars can completely block your view of pedestrians, motorcyclists and cyclists. You should make a particular effort to look for these road users; don't just rely on a quick glance.
A Flash your headlights as a warning
B Go past as quickly as possible
C Go past slowly and carefully
D Sound your horn as a warning
Correct Answer: C Go past slowly and carefully
Explanation: Horses can be startled by the sound of a car engine or the rush of air caused by a vehicle passing too closely. Keep well back and only pass when it's safe. Leave them plenty of room; you may have to use the other side of the road to go past safely.
A People may cross the road in front of it
B The road surface will be slippery
C There are driveways on the left
D There's a zebra crossing ahead
Correct Answer: A People may cross the road in front of it
Explanation: A bus at a bus stop can hide pedestrians who might try to cross the road just in front of it. Drive at a speed that will enable you to respond safely if you have to.
A Bus lane
B Give way
C Hazard warning
D Lane marking
Correct Answer: C Hazard warning
Explanation: The centre of the road is usually marked by a broken white line, with lines that are shorter than the gaps. When the lines become longer than the gaps, this is a hazard warning line. Look well ahead for these, especially when you're planning to overtake or turn off.
A By double or single yellow lines
B By hazard warning lines
C By pedestrian islands
D By street lighting
Correct Answer: D By street lighting
Explanation: There's a 30 mph speed limit where there are street lights unless signs show another limit.
A Bus station on the right
B Contraflow bus lane
C Give way to buses
D With-flow bus lane
Correct Answer: B Contraflow bus lane
Explanation: There will also be markings on the road surface to indicate the bus lane. You mustn't use this lane for parking or overtaking.
A End of dual carriageway
B End of narrow bridge
C Road narrows
D Tall bridge
Correct Answer: A End of dual carriageway
Explanation: Don't wait until the last moment before moving into the left-hand lane. Plan ahead and don't rely on other traffic letting you in.
A Flashing amber
B Flashing green
C Steady amber
D Steady red
Correct Answer: C Steady amber
Explanation: Puffin crossings have infra-red sensors that detect when pedestrians are crossing and hold the red traffic signal until the crossing is clear. The use of a sensor means there's no flashing amber phase as there is with a pelican crossing.
Correct Answer: D 70 mph
Explanation: Make sure that you know the speed limit for the road that you're on. The speed limit on a dual carriageway or motorway is 70 mph for cars and motorcycles, unless signs indicate otherwise. The speed limits for different types of vehicle are listed in The Highway Code.
A Drop back further
B Flash your headlights
C Sound your horn
D Start to overtake
Correct Answer: A Drop back further
Explanation: Sometimes your separation distance is shortened by a driver moving into the gap you've allowed. When this happens, react positively, stay calm and drop further back to re-establish a safe following distance.
A A route for cyclists only
B A route for pedestrians and cyclists
C A route for pedestrians only
D No route for pedestrians and cyclists
Correct Answer: B A route for pedestrians and cyclists
Explanation: This sign shows a shared route for pedestrians and cyclists: when it ends, the cyclists will be rejoining the main road.
A Be careful; they may misjudge your speed
B Expect them to wait for you to pass
C Speed up to get past them quickly
D Stop and wave them across the road
Correct Answer: A Be careful; they may misjudge your speed
Explanation: Older people may have impaired hearing, vision, concentration and judgement. They may also walk slowly and so could take a long time to cross the road.
A Ask someone to guide you
B Look in the nearside mirror
C Open the door to look behind
D Open the window to look behind
Correct Answer: A Ask someone to guide you
Explanation: If you want to turn your car around, try to find a place where you have good all-round vision. If this isn't possible, and you're unable to see clearly, then get someone to guide you.
A Drive slowly and leave plenty of room
B Drive up close and overtake as soon as possible
C Speed isn't important but allow plenty of room
D Use your horn just once to warn them
Correct Answer: A Drive slowly and leave plenty of room
Explanation: When you decide to overtake a horse rider, make sure you can do so safely before you move out. Leave them plenty of room and pass slowly. Passing too close could startle the horse and unseat the rider.
A They're circular with a red border
B They're rectangular with a yellow border
C They're square with a brown border
D They're triangular with a blue border
Correct Answer: A They're circular with a red border
Explanation: There are three basic types of traffic sign: those that warn, those that inform and those that give orders. Generally, triangular signs warn, rectangular signs give information or directions and circular signs give orders. An exception is the eight-sided 'stop' sign.
A Carry out an emergency stop
B Reverse back to the main road
C Stop at a passing place
D Switch on your hazard warning lights
Correct Answer: C Stop at a passing place
Explanation: Take care when using single-track roads. It can be difficult to see around bends, because of hedges or fences, so expect to meet oncoming vehicles. Drive carefully and be ready to pull into or stop opposite a passing place, where you can pass each other safely.
A Check their airway remains open
B Give them a hot sweet drink
C Place their arms by their side
D Press firmly between their shoulders
Correct Answer: A Check their airway remains open
Explanation: After a casualty has been placed in the recovery position, make sure their airway remains open and monitor their condition until medical help arrives. Where possible, don't move a casualty unless there's further danger.